Bone mineral density in postmenopausal women as determined by prior oral contraceptive use.


:The long-term consequences of prior oral contraceptive use for bone mineral density were examined in 239 postmenopausal women, 35.1% of whom reported prior oral contraceptive use. Women who had used oral contraceptives for 6 or more years had significantly higher bone densities of the lumbar spine and femoral neck, but not of the ultradistal wrist or radius, than women who never used oral contraceptives.


Am J Public Health


Kritz-Silverstein D,Barrett-Connor E




Has Abstract


1993-01-01 00:00:00












  • Nutrition surveillance in Arizona: selected anthropometric and laboratory observations among Mexican-American children.

    abstract::A nutrition surveillance system in public health clinics is providing data for patient care and program planning. Through this system, Arizona's Mexican-American population has been shown to differ from other ethnic groups seen in clinic. Anemia and low height-for-age are significant problems in the Mexican-American p...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yanochik-Owen A,White M

    更新日期:1977-02-01 00:00:00

  • Weekly food servings and participation in social programs among low income families.

    abstract::Low income families were interviewed to determine factors related to the number of family food servings per week. A multiple regression model indicated that participation in WIC (supplemental food program for women, infants and children), household size, and number of different income sources were associated with more...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taren DL,Clark W,Chernesky M,Quirk E

    更新日期:1990-11-01 00:00:00

  • Geographic variation in the onset of decline of male ischemic heart disease mortality in The Netherlands.

    abstract::We studied variation in the year of onset of ischemic heart disease mortality decline among regions (n = 39) in the Netherlands. Using loglinear regression methods, a quadratic regression model was fitted to the observed numbers of male deaths in each region in the period 1950-84, controlling for changes in age-struct...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mackenbach JP,Looman CW,Kunst AE

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Too poor to leave, too rich to stay: developmental and global health correlates of physician migration to the United States, Canada, Australia, and the United kingdom.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We analyzed the relationship between physician migration from developing source countries to more developed host countries (brain drain) and the developmental and global health profiles of source countries. METHODS:We used a cross-section of 141 countries that lost emigrating physicians to the 4 major desti...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Arah OA,Ogbu UC,Okeke CE

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of government and commercial warnings on reducing prescription misuse: the case of propoxyphene.

    abstract::We analyzed trends in prescribing and overdose deaths related to propoxyphene (e.g., Darvon) before and after a 1978-80 informational campaign carried out by the US Food and Drug Administration and the drug's manufacturer through mailed warnings, face-to-face education of prescribers, press releases, and labeling chan...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Soumerai SB,Avorn J,Gortmaker S,Hawley S

    更新日期:1987-12-01 00:00:00

  • Are the correlates of cigarette smoking initiation different for black and white adolescents?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Studies of adolescent smoking suggest that the causes of smoking initiation may differ for Blacks and Whites. METHODS:Correlates of smoking initiation were examined among 1,277 nonsmokers, ages 12-14, who completed questionnaires in their homes. The analyses examined relationships between smoking initiation...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Headen SW,Bauman KE,Deane GD,Koch GG

    更新日期:1991-07-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemic of endometrial cancer: a commentary.

    abstract::Vital statistics show that a rise in incidence of endometrial cancer began in the mid-1960s on the West Coast of the United States. This rise was continuous and reached a peak in 1975. Elsewhere, incidence rates for endometrial cancer rose during the 1970s. It now seems evident that much of the rise in all areas of th...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jick H,Walker AM,Rothman KJ

    更新日期:1980-03-01 00:00:00

  • Progress in Public Health Emergency Preparedness-United States, 2001-2016.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To evaluate the Public Health Emergency Preparedness (PHEP) program's progress toward meeting public health preparedness capability standards in state, local, and territorial health departments. METHODS:All 62 PHEP awardees completed the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's self-administered PHEP Im...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Murthy BP,Molinari NM,LeBlanc TT,Vagi SJ,Avchen RN

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Completion Among Female and Male Vaccine Initiators in Family Planning Centers.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We estimated human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series completion and examined predictors of completion among adolescents and young adults in a large family planning network. METHODS:Our retrospective cohort study of vaccine completion within 12 months and time to completion used electronic health record da...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Simons HR,Unger ZD,Lopez PM,Kohn JE

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Social Network Diagramming as an Applied Tool for Public Health: Lessons Learned From an HCV Cluster.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We present an applied example of social network diagramming from 2010 to 2012 that was used to guide follow-up in a large HCV cluster in rural Wisconsin. METHODS:In addition to collecting standard individual-level attributes, we also obtained partner-level information. Both sets of data were input into a ne...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grande KM,Stanley M,Redo C,Wergin A,Guilfoyle S,Gasiorowicz M

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Utility of drug leaflets for elderly consumers.

    abstract::A mail survey of 1,650 elderly consumers evaluated prescription drug leaflets for antihypertensives, tranquilizers, and arthritis medicines. Of those who said they received the leaflet, 95 per cent read it, 76 per cent kept it, and 56 per cent discussed it with another person. Respondents taking antihypertensive medic...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morris LA,Olins NJ

    更新日期:1984-02-01 00:00:00

  • Differences in fertility associated with caffeinated beverage consumption.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The effect of caffeine consumption on fertility was examined prospectively in 210 women. METHODS:Women reported on caffeinated beverage consumption and pregnancy status monthly. Odds ratios for becoming pregnant were calculated for both high and moderate vs low consumption. RESULTS:No significant associati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caan B,Quesenberry CP Jr,Coates AO

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Improving the oral health of Alaska Natives.

    abstract::There is a high prevalence of oral disease in the Alaska Native population, much of which goes untreated, creating a large discrepancy between the level of their oral health and that of the general population. The causes of this discrepancy are multiple--a major cause being the lack of access to care, especially in re...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sekiguchi E,Guay AH,Brown LJ,Spangler TJ Jr

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Psychopathology in young people experiencing homelessness: a systematic review.

    abstract::Understanding mental health issues faced by young homeless persons is instrumental to the development of successful targeted interventions. No systematic review of recent published literature on psychopathology in this group has been completed. We conducted a systematic review of published research examining the preva...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hodgson KJ,Shelton KH,van den Bree MB,Los FJ

    更新日期:2013-06-01 00:00:00

  • Urban form, health, and the law's limits.

    abstract::Urban form, the law, and health are undoubtedly linked. However, nonlegal factors such as 20th-century reliance on the automobile as well as associated governmental actions and private investment choices have greatly influenced urban form, especially urban sprawl. The American system of federalism, with its traditiona...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buzbee WW

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Latino populations: a unique opportunity for the study of race, genetics, and social environment in epidemiological research.

    abstract::Latinos are the largest minority population in the United States. Although usually classified as a single ethnic group by researchers, Latinos are heterogeneous from cultural, socioeconomic, and genetic perspectives. From a cultural and social perspective, Latinos represent a wide variety of national origins and ethni...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: González Burchard E,Borrell LN,Choudhry S,Naqvi M,Tsai HJ,Rodriguez-Santana JR,Chapela R,Rogers SD,Mei R,Rodriguez-Cintron W,Arena JF,Kittles R,Perez-Stable EJ,Ziv E,Risch N

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Telephone versus in-person surveys of community health status.

    abstract::Reports of physical morbidity are compared among a community sample of Los Angeles County adults (N = 546) randomly assigned to either in-person or telephone interviews. No statistically significant differences were found between the two interview methods for overall assessment of health status, illnesses reported for...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Aneshensel CS,Frerichs RR,Clark VA,Yokopenic PA

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • Referral patterns to and from inpatient psychiatric services: a social network approach.

    abstract::Interorganizational linkages have assumed more import for mental health service systems during the past three decades because of increased levels of complexity in service delivery patterns. This analysis examines these linkages from a relational perspective, with network of patient referral patterns as the basic unit....

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakao K,Milazzo-Sayre LJ,Rosenstein MJ,Manderscheid RW

    更新日期:1986-07-01 00:00:00

  • Preventive care for women in prison: a qualitative community health assessment of the Papanicolaou test and follow-up treatment at a California state women's prison.

    abstract::Growing evidence indicates that women in prison are particularly vulnerable to many negative health outcomes, including cervical cancer. The Papanicolaou (Pap) test is an effective tool to screen for this disease. To determine what is and is not working with the Pap test and follow-up treatment, we performed qualitati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Magee CG,Hult JR,Turalba R,McMillan S

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological consequences of infestation of the dwelling unit.

    abstract::Interview data from a three-wave panel study of the impact of the residential environment upon the psychological well-being of 337 minority women were used to examine the effects of household infestation upon self-reported depression, phobic anxiety, somatization, hostility, and anomia. The findings of cross-sectional...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zahner GE,Kasl SV,White M,Will JC

    更新日期:1985-11-01 00:00:00

  • Colonial Neglect and the Right to Health in Puerto Rico After Hurricane Maria.

    abstract::The humanitarian crisis revealed as a result of Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico demonstrates a long history of US colonial neglect and human rights violations. This reality has made it especially difficult for the people of Puerto Rico to achieve their right to the highest attainable standard of health.The impacts are ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joseph SR,Voyles C,Williams KD,Smith E,Chilton M

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Relay: A Peer-Delivered Emergency Department-Based Response to Nonfatal Opioid Overdose.

    abstract::Relay, a peer-delivered response to nonfatal opioid overdoses, provides overdose prevention education, naloxone, support, and linkage to care to opioid overdose survivors for 90 days after an overdose event. From June 2017 to December 2018, Relay operated in seven New York City emergency departments and enrolled 649 o...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Welch AE,Jeffers A,Allen B,Paone D,Kunins HV

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • Impaired and disabled elderly in the community.

    abstract::A nine-year representative, longitudinal study of 1,598 urban elderly shows that two to eight times as many impaired or disabled are cared for in the community as in institutions. Younger age, male gender, better income, and living with others, especially children, favor continuing care in the home. ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ford AB,Roy AW,Haug MR,Folmar SJ,Jones PK

    更新日期:1991-09-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of the Community-Wide Adolescent Health Project on Sexually Transmitted Infection Testing in Omaha, Nebraska.

    abstract::We describe the impact of the Adolescent Health Project on sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing in Omaha, NE, during phase 1 (media campaigns) and phase 2 (free STI testing). To assess the impact of each phase on STI testing, we examined monthly data from January 2013 to April 2017 via interrupted time series ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tibbits M,Maloney S,Ndashe TP,Grimm B,Johansson P,Siahpush M

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Iodine-131 levels in sludge and treated municipal wastewaters near a large medical complex.

    abstract::Iodine-131 was found to dominate the gamma spectra of dried sludge and concentration liquid effluent samples from a sewage treatment plant serving the area containing the Texas Medical Center in 1975. The concentration of Iodine-131 varied considerably on a time scale of weeks but was fairly stable in the course of a ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prichard HM,Gesell TF,Davis E

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • Atrial fibrillation as a risk factor for stroke: a retrospective cohort study of hospitalized Medicare beneficiaries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined the relationship between atrial fibrillation and (1) stroke and (2) all-cause mortality. METHODS:All eligible Medicare patients older than 65 years of age hospitalized in 1985 were followed up for 4 years. Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazards models were used for assessment of risk ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yuan Z,Bowlin S,Einstadter D,Cebul RD,Conners AR Jr,Rimm AA

    更新日期:1998-03-01 00:00:00

  • Community education for cardiovascular disease prevention: risk factor changes in the Minnesota Heart Health Program.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The Minnesota Heart Health Program is a 13-year research and demonstration project to reduce morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease in whole communities. METHODS:Three pairs of communities were matched on size and type; each pair had one education site and one comparison site. After baseline su...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luepker RV,Murray DM,Jacobs DR Jr,Mittelmark MB,Bracht N,Carlaw R,Crow R,Elmer P,Finnegan J,Folsom AR

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • The Rates and Medical Necessity of Cesarean Delivery in the Era of the Two-Child Policy in Hubei and Gansu Provinces, China.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe the cesarean rates in different child policy periods and assess the medical necessity of cesareans during the 2-child policy period. METHODS:We collected hospital-level aggregate data on 93 745 deliveries and individual-level data on 27 977 deliveries from 6 hospitals in the Hubei and Gansu prov...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liao Z,Zhou Y,Li H,Wang C,Chen D,Liu J

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Targeting early antecedents to prevent tobacco smoking: findings from an epidemiologically based randomized field trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined whether interventions aimed at aggressive/disruptive classroom behavior and poor academic achievement would reduce the incidence of initiation of smoking. METHODS:An epidemiologically based, universal randomized preventive trial involved 2311 children in 2 classroom-based preventive inte...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Kellam SG,Anthony JC

    更新日期:1998-10-01 00:00:00

  • Postneoliberal Public Health Care Reforms: Neoliberalism, Social Medicine, and Persistent Health Inequalities in Latin America.

    abstract::Several Latin American countries are implementing a suite of so-called "postneoliberal" social and political economic policies to counter neoliberal models that emerged in the 1980s. This article considers the influence of postneoliberalism on public health discourses, policies, institutions, and practices in Bolivia,...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hartmann C

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00