Isoproterenol increases the fraction of spark-dependent RyR-mediated leak in ventricular myocytes.

Abstract:

:Recent research suggests that the diastolic ryanodine-receptor-mediated release of Ca(2+) (J(leak)) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum of ventricular myocytes occurs in spark and nonspark forms. Further information about the role(s) of these release manifestations is scarce, however. This study addresses whether the fraction of spark-mediated J(leak) increases due to β-adrenergic stimulation. Confocal microscopy was used to simultaneously image Ca(2+) sparks and quantify J(leak) in intact rabbit myocytes, either in the absence or in the presence of 125 nM isoproterenol. It was found that isoproterenol treatment shifts the spark-frequency-J(leak) relationship toward an increased sensitivity to a [Ca(2+)] trigger. In agreement, a small but significant increase in spark width was found for cells with matched baseline [Ca(2+)] and total SR [Ca(2+)]. The reconstruction of release fluxes, when applied to the average sparks from those selected cells, yielded a wider release source in the isoproterenol event, indicating the recruitment of peripheral ryanodine receptors. Overall, the results presented here indicate that β-adrenergic stimulation increases the spark-dependent fraction of J(leak). Working together, the increased Ca(2+) sensitivity and the greater spark width found during isoproterenol treatment may increase the probability of Ca(2+) wave generation.

journal_name

Biophys J

journal_title

Biophysical journal

authors

Santiago DJ,Ríos E,Shannon TR

doi

10.1016/j.bpj.2013.01.026

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2013-03-05 00:00:00

pages

976-85

issue

5

eissn

0006-3495

issn

1542-0086

pii

S0006-3495(13)00097-0

journal_volume

104

pub_type

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