Sports and games for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Traumatic experiences evoke emotions such as fear, anxiety and distress and may encourage avoidance of similar situations in the future. For a proportion of those exposed to a traumatic event, this emotional reaction becomes uncontrollable and can develop into Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) (Breslau 2001). Most of those diagnosed with PTSD fully recover while a small proportion develop a chronic PTSD a year after the event (First 2004). Sports and games may be able to alleviate symptoms of PTSD. OBJECTIVES: PRIMARY OBJECTIVE:1. To assess the effectiveness of sports, and games in alleviating and/or diminishing the symptoms of PTSD when compared to usual care or other interventions. SECONDARY OBJECTIVE:2. To assess the effectiveness of different types of sports and games in alleviating and/or diminishing symptoms of PTSD. SEARCH STRATEGY:The Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Controlled Trials Registers (CCDAN-CTR) were searched up to June 2008.The following databases were searched up to June 2008: the Cochrane Central registry of Controlled Trials; MEDLINE; EMBASE; CINAHL; PsycINFO. Reference lists of relevant papers were searched and experts in the field were contacted to determine if other studies were available. SELECTION CRITERIA:To be included, participants had to be diagnosed with PTSD using criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM IV) and/or ICD criteria. Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that considered one or more well-specified sports or games for alleviating and/or diminishing symptoms of PTSD were included.Sports, and games were defined as any organized physical activity done alone or with a group and non-physical activities such as computer games and card games done alone or with a group. Psychological interventions such as music therapy, art therapy and play therapy and behavioural therapy were excluded. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS:Two reviewers (SL and MD) separately checked the titles and abstracts of the search results to determine which studies met the pre-determined inclusion criteria. A flow chart was used to guide the selection process. No studies met the inclusion criteria. MAIN RESULTS:The search strategy identified five papers but none of the studies met inclusion criteria. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS:No studies met the inclusion criteria. More research is therefore required before a fair assessment can be made of the effectiveness of sports and games in alleviating symptoms of PTSD.

authors

Lawrence S,De Silva M,Henley R

doi

10.1002/14651858.CD007171.pub2

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2010-01-20 00:00:00

pages

CD007171

issue

1

issn

1469-493X

pub_type

杂志文章,评审
  • Interim PET-results for prognosis in adults with Hodgkin lymphoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis of prognostic factor studies.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is one of the most common haematological malignancies in young adults and, with cure rates of 90%, has become curable for the majority of individuals. Positron emission tomography (PET) is an imaging tool used to monitor a tumour's metabolic activity, stage and progression. Interim PET ...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD012643.pub3

    authors: Aldin A,Umlauff L,Estcourt LJ,Collins G,Moons KG,Engert A,Kobe C,von Tresckow B,Haque M,Foroutan F,Kreuzberger N,Trivella M,Skoetz N

    更新日期:2020-01-13 00:00:00

  • Smoking cessation intervention for reducing disease activity in chronic autoimmune inflammatory joint diseases.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chronic inflammatory joint diseases (IJDs) affect 1% to 2% of the population in developed countries. IJDs include rheumatoid arthritis (RA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), and other forms of spondyloarthritis (SpA). Tobacco smoking is considered a significant environmental risk facto...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD012958.pub2

    authors: Roelsgaard IK,Esbensen BA,Østergaard M,Rollefstad S,Semb AG,Christensen R,Thomsen T

    更新日期:2019-09-02 00:00:00

  • Adjuvant radiotherapy and chemoradiation after surgery for cervical cancer.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:There is an ongoing debate about the indications for, and value of, adjuvant pelvic radiotherapy after radical surgery in women with early cervical cancer. Certain combinations of pathologic risk factors are thought to represent sufficient risk for recurrence, that they justify the use of post-operative pelv...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007583.pub2

    authors: Rogers L,Siu SS,Luesley D,Bryant A,Dickinson HO

    更新日期:2009-10-07 00:00:00

  • Hyperbaric oxygen for carbon monoxide poisoning.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Poisoning with carbon monoxide (CO) remains an important cause of accidental and intentional injury worldwide. Several unblinded non-randomized trials have suggested that the use of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) prevents the development of neurological sequelae. This has led to the widespread use of HBO in the man...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002041.pub2

    authors: Juurlink DN,Buckley NA,Stanbrook MB,Isbister GK,Bennett M,McGuigan MA

    更新日期:2005-01-25 00:00:00

  • Bypass surgery for chronic lower limb ischaemia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Surgical bypass of an occluded arterial segment is the mainstay of treatment for patients with critical limb ischaemia. As with many surgical interventions, however, it was introduced without formal evaluation. OBJECTIVES:The objective of this review was to determine the effects of bypass surgery in patient...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002000

    authors: Leng GC,Davis M,Baker D

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Reconstructive surgery for treating pressure ulcers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The management of pressure ulcers involves several interventions ranging from pressure-relieving measures such as repositioning, to treatments that can include reconstructive surgery. Such surgery may be considered for recalcitrant wounds when full thickness skin loss arises and deeper structures such as mus...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD012032.pub2

    authors: Wong JK,Amin K,Dumville JC

    更新日期:2016-12-06 00:00:00

  • Gastro-oesophageal reflux treatment for asthma in adults and children.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Asthma and gastro-oesophageal reflux are both common medical conditions and often co-exist. Studies have shown conflicting results concerning the effects of lower oesophageal acidification as a trigger of asthma. Furthermore, asthma might precipitate gastro-oesophageal reflux. Thus a temporal association bet...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001496

    authors: Gibson PG,Henry RL,Coughlan JL

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Olanzapine alone or in combination for acute mania.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Olanzapine, an atypical antipsychotic, is used in the treatment of mania both as monotherapy and combined with other medicines. OBJECTIVES:To review the efficacy and tolerability of olanzapine in the treatment of mania SEARCH STRATEGY:The Cochrane Collaboration Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Controlled T...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004040

    authors: Rendell JM,Gijsman HJ,Keck P,Goodwin GM,Geddes JR

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Medically assisted nutrition for palliative care in adult patients.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Many palliative care patients have a reduced oral intake during their illness. The management of this can include the provision of medically assisted nutrition with the aim of prolonging the length of life of a patient, improving their quality of life, or both. OBJECTIVES:To determine the effect of medicall...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006274.pub2

    authors: Good P,Cavenagh J,Mather M,Ravenscroft P

    更新日期:2008-10-08 00:00:00

  • Antibiotics for treating bacterial vaginosis in pregnancy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Bacterial vaginosis is an imbalance of the normal vaginal flora with an overgrowth of anaerobic bacteria and a lack of the normal lactobacillary flora. Bacterial vaginosis during pregnancy has been associated with poor perinatal outcome and, in particular, preterm birth. Identification and treatment may redu...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000262.pub2

    authors: McDonald H,Brocklehurst P,Parsons J

    更新日期:2005-01-25 00:00:00

  • Interventions for improving outcomes for pregnant women who have experienced genital cutting.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Female genital cutting (FGC) refers to all procedures that involve the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons. There are no known medical benefits to FGC, and it can be potentially dangerous for the...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009872.pub2

    authors: Balogun OO,Hirayama F,Wariki WM,Koyanagi A,Mori R

    更新日期:2013-02-28 00:00:00

  • Antenatal lower genital tract infection screening and treatment programs for preventing preterm delivery.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Preterm birth is birth before 37 weeks' gestation. Genital tract infection is one of the causes of preterm birth. Infection screening during pregnancy has been used to reduce preterm birth. However, infection screening may have some adverse effects, e.g. increased antibiotic drug resistance, increased costs ...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006178.pub2

    authors: Swadpanich U,Lumbiganon P,Prasertcharoensook W,Laopaiboon M

    更新日期:2008-04-16 00:00:00

  • Hyperbaric oxygen as an adjuvant treatment for malignant otitis externa.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Malignant, or necrotising, otitis externa is a potentially fatal infection of the external ear canal and surrounding soft tissue and bone. It may be complicated by involvement of cranial nerves, principally the facial nerves and the contents of the jugular foramen. It is an uncommon condition mainly found in...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD004617.pub3

    authors: Phillips JS,Jones SE

    更新日期:2013-05-31 00:00:00

  • Botulinum toxin type A therapy for cervical dystonia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cervical dystonia is characterized by involuntary posturing of the head and frequently is associated with neck pain. Disability and social withdrawal are common. In recent years, Botulinum toxin Type A (BtA) has become the first line therapy. However its true efficacy, in particular the potential effect size...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD003633.pub2

    authors: Costa J,Espírito-Santo C,Borges A,Ferreira JJ,Coelho M,Moore P,Sampaio C

    更新日期:2005-01-25 00:00:00

  • Prophylactic corticosteroids for preterm birth.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Respiratory distress syndrome is a serious complication of prematurity causing significant immediate and long-term mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVES:The objective of this review was to assess the effects of corticosteroids administered to pregnant women to accelerate fetal lung maturity prior to preterm d...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000065

    authors: Crowley P

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Interventions for prevention and treatment of vulvovaginal candidiasis in women with HIV infection.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is one of the most common fungal infections that recur frequently in HIV infected women. Symptoms of VVC are pruritis, discomfort, dyspareunia, and dysuria. Vulval infection presents as a morbiliform rash that may extend to the thighs. Vaginal infection is associated with white...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD008739.pub2

    authors: Ray A,Ray S,George AT,Swaminathan N

    更新日期:2011-08-10 00:00:00

  • Oral H1 antihistamines as monotherapy for eczema.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Eczema is a common skin disease in many countries, and although the majority of cases of eczema occur before the age of five years and often resolve during childhood or adolescence, it can also persist into adulthood. Itch is the most important aspect of eczema, often impacting significantly on the quality o...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007770.pub2

    authors: Apfelbacher CJ,van Zuuren EJ,Fedorowicz Z,Jupiter A,Matterne U,Weisshaar E

    更新日期:2013-02-28 00:00:00

  • Continuous positive airway pressure versus theophylline for apnea in preterm infants.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Recurrent apnea is common in preterm infants, particularly at very early gestational ages. These episodes of loss of effective breathing can lead to hypoxemia and bradycardia which may be severe enough to require resuscitation including use of positive pressure ventilation. Theophylline stimulation of breath...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001072

    authors: Henderson-Smart DJ,Subramanian P,Davis PG

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Eculizumab for treating patients with paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a chronic, not malignant, disease of the hematopoietic stem cells, associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It is a rare disease with an estimated incidence of 1.3 new cases per one million individuals per year. The treatment of PNH has been largely em...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010340.pub2

    authors: Martí-Carvajal AJ,Anand V,Cardona AF,Solà I

    更新日期:2014-10-30 00:00:00

  • Amphotericin B lipid soluble formulations vs amphotericin B in cancer patients with neutropenia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Patients with cancer who are treated with chemotherapy or receive a bone marrow transplant have an increased risk of acquiring fungal infections. Such infections can be life-threatening. Antifungal drugs are therefore often given prophylactically to such patients, or when they have a fever. OBJECTIVES:To co...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000969

    authors: Johansen HK,Gotzsche PC

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • Interventions for treating intrahepatic cholestasis in people with sickle cell disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Sickle cell disease is the most common hemoglobinopathy occurring worldwide and sickle cell intrahepatic cholestasis is a complication long recognized in this population. Cholestatic liver diseases are characterized by impaired formation or excretion (or both) of bile from the liver. There is a need to asses...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD010985.pub3

    authors: Martí-Carvajal AJ,Martí-Amarista CE

    更新日期:2017-07-31 00:00:00

  • Anti-IL-12/23p40 antibodies for induction of remission in Crohn's disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ustekinumab (CNTO 1275) and briakinumab (ABT-874) are monoclonal antibodies that target the standard p40 subunit of the cytokines interleukin-12 and interleukin-23 (IL-12/23p40), which are involved in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease. OBJECTIVES:The objectives of this review were to assess the efficacy a...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007572.pub2

    authors: Khanna R,Preiss JC,MacDonald JK,Timmer A

    更新日期:2015-05-05 00:00:00

  • Domiciliary oxygen for interstitial lung disease.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Retrospective survival data have suggested poor effectiveness of oxygen therapy in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). OBJECTIVES:To determine the effect of domiciliary oxygen therapy on survival and quality of life in patients with a diagnosis of ILD and hypoxaemia. SEARCH STRATEGY:Randomized C...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002883

    authors: Crockett AJ,Cranston JM,Antic N

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Acupuncture and related interventions for smoking cessation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Acupuncture and related techniques are promoted as a treatment for smoking cessation in the belief that they may reduce nicotine withdrawal symptoms. OBJECTIVES:The objectives of this review are to determine the effectiveness of acupuncture and the related interventions of acupressure, laser therapy and ele...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD000009.pub2

    authors: White AR,Rampes H,Campbell JL

    更新日期:2006-01-25 00:00:00

  • Hepatitis B vaccination during pregnancy for preventing infant infection.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Infant hepatitis B infection increases the risk of chronic infection, cirrhosis or liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) in the adult. Perinatal transmission is a common route of infection. OBJECTIVES:To assess the effectiveness and adverse effects of hepatitis B vaccine administered to pregnant women for...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007879.pub3

    authors: Sangkomkamhang US,Lumbiganon P,Laopaiboon M

    更新日期:2014-11-11 00:00:00

  • Antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension during pregnancy.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Mild-moderate hypertension during pregnancy is common. Antihypertensive drugs are often used in the belief that lowering blood pressure will prevent progression to more severe disease, and thereby improve outcome. OBJECTIVES:To assess the effects of antihypertensive drug treatments for women with mild to mo...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD002252

    authors: Abalos E,Duley L,Steyn DW,Henderson-Smart DJ

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Palivizumab for prophylaxis against respiratory syncytial virus infection in children with cystic fibrosis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Respiratory syncytial virus infection causes acute lung infection in infants and young children worldwide, resulting in considerable morbidity and mortality. Children with cystic fibrosis are prone to recurrent lung inflammation, bacterial colonisation and subsequent chronic airway disease, putting them at r...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD007743.pub6

    authors: Robinson KA,Odelola OA,Saldanha IJ

    更新日期:2016-07-20 00:00:00

  • Pars plana vitrectomy versus scleral buckling for repairing simple rhegmatogenous retinal detachments.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) is a separation of neurosensory retina from the underlying retinal pigment epithelium. It is caused by retinal tears, which let fluid pass from the vitreous cavity to the subretinal space. Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), scleral buckling surgery and pneumatic retinopexy a...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD009562.pub2

    authors: Znaor L,Medic A,Binder S,Vucinovic A,Marin Lovric J,Puljak L

    更新日期:2019-03-08 00:00:00

  • Psychological interventions for needle-related procedural pain and distress in children and adolescents.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This is the second update of a Cochrane Review (Issue 4, 2006). Pain and distress from needle-related procedures are common during childhood and can be reduced through use of psychological interventions (cognitive or behavioral strategies, or both). Our first review update (Issue 10, 2013) showed efficacy of...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD005179.pub4

    authors: Birnie KA,Noel M,Chambers CT,Uman LS,Parker JA

    更新日期:2018-10-04 00:00:00

  • Pharmacological interventions for non-ulcer dyspepsia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The commonest cause of upper gastrointestinal symptoms is non-ulcer dyspepsia (NUD) and yet the pathophysiology of this condition has been poorly characterised and the optimum treatment is uncertain. It is estimated that pound450 million is spent on dyspepsia drugs in the UK each year. OBJECTIVES:This revie...

    journal_title:The Cochrane database of systematic reviews

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1002/14651858.CD001960

    authors: Soo S,Moayyedi P,Deeks J,Delaney B,Innes M,Forman D

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00