Materno-infantilism, feminism and maternal health policy in Brazil.

Abstract:

:In the last days of 2011, President of Brazil Dilma Rousseff issued a provisional measure (or draft law) entitled "National Surveillance and Monitoring Registration System for the Prevention of Maternal Mortality" (MP 557), as part of a new maternal health programme. It was supposed to address the pressing issue of maternal morbidity and mortality in Brazil, but instead it caused an explosive controversy because it used terms such as nascituro (unborn child) and proposed the compulsory registration of every pregnancy. After intense protests by feminist and human rights groups that this law was unconstitutional, violated women's right to privacy and threatened our already limited reproductive rights, the measure was revised in January 2012, omitting "the unborn child" but not the mandatory registration of pregnancy. Unfortunately, neither version of the draft law addresses the two main problems with maternal health in Brazil: the over-medicalisation of childbirth and its adverse effects, and the need for safe, legal abortion. The content of this measure itself reflects the conflictive nature of public policies on reproductive health in Brazil and how they are shaped by close links between different levels of government and political parties, and religious and professional sectors.

journal_name

Reprod Health Matters

authors

Diniz S

doi

10.1016/S0968-8080(12)39616-X

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2012-06-01 00:00:00

pages

125-32

issue

39

eissn

0968-8080

issn

1460-9576

pii

S0968-8080(12)39616-X

journal_volume

20

pub_type

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