Contamination, source identification, and risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in agricultural soil of Shanghai, China.


:The level, distribution, compositional pattern, and possible sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in agricultural soil of Shanghai were investigated. The concentrations ranged from 140.7 to 2,370.8 μg kg( -1) for 21 PAHs and from 92.2 to 2,062.7 μg kg( -1) for 16 priority PAHs, respectively. The higher level of PAHs was mainly distributed in the south and west of Shanghai region, and the lower concentration was found in Chongming Island. Generally, the composition pattern of PAHs was characterized with high molecular weight PAHs, the seven possible carcinogenic PAHs accounted for 4.8-50.8% of the total PAHs, and fluoranthene, pyrene, and benzo[b]fluoranthene were the most dominant components in soil samples. The correlation analysis suggested that low molecular weight PAHs and high molecular weight PAHs were originated from different sources and further corroborated that total organic carbon was a key soil property affecting the fate of persistent organic pollutants in the environment. The isomer ratios and principal component analysis indicated that PAHs in the investigated areas were derived primarily from combustion of biomass, coal, and petroleum. Compared to the soil quality standards of the Netherlands, all the target PAHs (except Ant) in most samples exceeded their target values. The Nemerow composite index based on the same soil quality standard showed that 69.4% of the soil samples were heavily polluted. The total BaP(eq) of ten Dutch target PAHs in 72% soil samples were higher than the reference total carcinogenic potency. Therefore, the agricultural soil in Shanghai is suffering from serious PAHs contamination.


Environ Monit Assess


Jiang Y,Wang X,Wu M,Sheng G,Fu J




Has Abstract


2011-12-01 00:00:00












  • Monitoring the impact of dissolved oxygen and nitrite on anoxic biofilm in continuous denitrification process.

    abstract::An anoxic biofilm involved in continuous denitrification process was monitored to investigate the effect of different concentrations of influent dissolved oxygen (DO) or nitrite on the biofilm. Microelectrode measurements evidenced nitrate removal activity of biofilm. When different concentrations of DO were applied t...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jang A,Ahn Y,Kim IS

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Hydrogeochemical processes controlling the high fluoride concentration in groundwater: a case study at the Boden block area, Orissa, India.

    abstract::The present investigation reports the assessment of hydrochemical/geochemical processes controlling the concentration of fluoride in groundwater of a village in India (Boden block, Orissa). Boden block is one of the severely affected fluoride-contaminated areas in the state of Orissa (India). The sampling and subseque...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dey RK,Swain SK,Mishra S,Sharma P,Patnaik T,Singh VK,Dehury BN,Jha U,Patel RK

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Hyperspectral characteristics of canopy components and structure for phenological assessment of an invasive weed.

    abstract::Spectral reflectance values of four canopy components (stems, buds, opening flowers, and postflowers of yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis)) were measured to describe their spectral characteristics. We then physically combined these canopy components to simulate the flowering stage indicated by accumulated flo...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ge S,Everitt J,Carruthers R,Gong P,Anderson G

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb, Zn) by ICP-OES and their speciation in Algerian Mediterranean Sea sediments after a five-stage sequential extraction procedure.

    abstract::Surface sediment samples (n = 18) were collected from the Algerian Mediterranean coasts and analyzed for seven metals using inductively coupled plasma-optical emission spectrometry in order to asses the distribution and bioavailability of metals and to study the anthropogenic factors affecting their concentrations. Se...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alomary AA,Belhadj S

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Heavy metal contamination in soil alongside mountain railway in Sichuan, China.

    abstract::Heavy metal concentration in soil was investigated at three sites with different topography (cut slope, flat and embankment) within the vicinity of Chengdu-Kunming railway in Sichuan, China. Surface soil was sampled at certain distances from the track at each site and was analyzed for Cu, Mn, Pb, Zn, Cd by atomic abso...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu H,Chen LP,Ai YW,Yang X,Yu YH,Zuo YB,Fu GY

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative study of artificial neural network (ANN), adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) and multiple linear regression (MLR) for modeling of Cu (II) adsorption from aqueous solution using biochar derived from rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) pee

    abstract::Presence of copper within water bodies deteriorates human health and degrades natural environment. This heavy metal in water is treated using a promising biochar derived from rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum) peel through slow pyrolysis. This research compares the efficacies of artificial neural network (ANN), adaptive n...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wong YJ,Arumugasamy SK,Chung CH,Selvarajoo A,Sethu V

    更新日期:2020-06-17 00:00:00

  • Review of environmental monitoring methods: survey designs.

    abstract::During the past decade and a half, environmental monitoring programs have increased in number and importance. Large scale environmental monitoring programs often present design difficulties because they tend to measure many (sometimes hundreds) of parameters through space and time. This paper reviewed and summarized o...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: McDonald TL

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Spatial distribution, bioavailability, and toxicity of metals in surface sediments of tropical reservoirs, Brazil.

    abstract::Depending on the environmental conditions, surface sediments can retain all the contaminants present and provide a record of the anthropic activities affecting the aquatic environment. In order to analyze the impacts on reservoirs, surface sediments were collected in three characteristic regions (riverine, transitiona...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frascareli D,Cardoso-Silva S,de Oliveira Soares-Silva Mizael J,Rosa AH,Pompêo MLM,López-Doval JC,Moschini-Carlos V

    更新日期:2018-03-08 00:00:00

  • Potential risks of natural mercury levels to wild predator fish in an Amazon reservoir.

    abstract::Mercury (Hg) is a toxic metal that bioaccumulates in aquatic organisms and along food chain. Many studies have reported the problem of mercury exposure in aquatic systems from Amazon basin, but very few have focused on the potential risks to wild fish. The present study reports the bioaccumulation of mercury and alter...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: da Silva GS,Filipak Neto F,Silva de Assis HC,Bastos WR,de Oliveira Ribeiro CA

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Metals in tissues of fish from Yelkoma Lagoon, northeastern Mediterranean.

    abstract::This study was performed to investigate the metal concentrations in muscle, liver, gonad, and gill of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L., 1758), European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax L., 1758), and keeled mullet (Liza carinata Valenciennes, 1836) from Yelkoma Lagoon, northeastern Mediterranean region. So, the levels...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Türkmen A,Türkmen M,Tepe Y,Cekiç M

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Standardisation of temperature observed by automatic weather stations.

    abstract::Daily mean, maximum and minimum surface air temperature data were gathered from a network of automatic weather stations (AWS) within the Moor House National Nature Reserve in northern England. Five AWS were installed next to the official Environmental Change Network weather station at Moor House. Data were compared gr...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Joyce A,Adamson J,Huntley B,Parr T,Baxter R

    更新日期:2001-05-01 00:00:00

  • Analysis of pollutant levels in central Hong Kong applying neural network method with particle swarm optimization.

    abstract::Air pollution has emerged as an imminent issue in modern society. Prediction of pollutant levels is an important research topic in atmospheric environment today. For fulfilling such prediction, the use of neural network (NN), and in particular the multi-layer perceptrons, has presented to be a cost-effective technique...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lu WZ,Fan HY,Leung AY,Wong JC

    更新日期:2002-11-01 00:00:00

  • Soil characteristics and heavy metal accumulation by native plants in a Mn mining area of Guangxi, South China.

    abstract::Revegetation and ecological restoration of a Mn mineland are important concerns in southern China. To determine the major constraints for revegetation and select suitable plants for phytorestoration, pedological and botanical characteristics of a Mn mine in Guangxi, southern China were investigated. All the soils were...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu J,Zhang XH,Li TY,Wu QX,Jin ZJ

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Leaching of nitrogen, phosphorus, TOC and COD from the biosolids of the municipal wastewater treatment plant of Thessaloniki.

    abstract::Biosolids from the WWTP of Thessaloniki were examined for the leaching of phosphorus (as PO4(3-) -P), nitrogen (as NH4+ (-N) and NO3- (-N)), and organic matter (as TOC and COD), using two tests: (1) a pH static leaching test and (2) a characterization test, relating contaminant release to the liquid to solid (L/S) rat...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Batziaka V,Fytianos K,Voudrias E

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Surface water quality assessment of the Vatinsky Egan River catchment, West Siberia.

    abstract::Stream water chemistry were analyzed across Vatinsky Egan River Catchment (West Siberia). The objective of the study is to reveal the spatial and seasonal variations of the water quality and to assess the anthropogenic chemical inputs into the river system. Stream chemistry were monitored in 24 sampling sites for a pe...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Moskovchenko DV,Babushkin AG,Artamonova GN

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Opaque closed chambers underestimate methane fluxes of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. ex Steud.

    abstract::Closed chamber measurements for methane emission estimation are often carried out with opaque chambers to avoid heating of the headspace. However, mainly in wetlands, some plants possess an internal convective gas transport which quickly responds to changes in irradiation. These plants have also been found to often ch...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Günther A,Jurasinski G,Huth V,Glatzel S

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Water quality characteristics and corrosion potential in blending zones in X city drinking water distribution system.

    abstract::Blended water, always existing in a drinking water distribution system (DWDS) with different sources, can cause some unintended results, including corrosion and/or release of corrosion by-products. Although some studies have specially focused on the blended water in DWDSs, the water quality characteristics, variations...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang H,Wang K,Zhou X,Zhu W,Wang W

    更新日期:2018-08-16 00:00:00

  • Accumulation of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in the polychaete Paraprionospio sp. from the Yodo River mouth, Osaka Bay, Japan.

    abstract::This study presents the levels of endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) accumulated by Paraprionospio sp. from the Yodo River mouth, Osaka Bay. Since high concentrations of nonylphenol (NP), bisphenol A (BP), octylphenol (OP), 17β-estradiol (E2), and estrone (E1) have been measured in sediment from Osaka Bay, some bio...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nurulnadia MY,Koyama J,Uno S,Kito A,Kokushi E,Bacolod ET,Ito K,Chuman Y

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Identification and leaching characteristics of sludge generated from metal pickling and electroplating industries by Toxicity Characteristics Leaching Procedure (TCLP).

    abstract::One of India's major concerns is the increasing level of land pollution largely due to the uncontrolled disposal of industrial solid and hazardous waste. With rapid industrialization, the generation of industrial solid and hazardous waste has increased appreciably and the nature of waste generated has become complex. ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vijay R,Sihorwala TA

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Seasonal and inter-annual variations in methyl mercury concentrations in zooplankton from boreal lakes impacted by deforestation or natural forest fires.

    abstract::We compared the effects of natural and anthropogenic watershed disturbances on methyl mercury (MeHg) concentration in bulk zooplankton from boreal Shield lakes. MeHg in zooplankton was monitored for three years in nine lakes impacted by deforestation, in nine lakes impacted by wildfire, and in twenty lakes with undist...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garcia E,Carignan R,Lean DR

    更新日期:2007-08-01 00:00:00

  • Surveying drainage culvert use by carnivores: sampling design and cost-benefit analyzes of track-pads vs. video-surveillance methods.

    abstract::Environmental assessment studies often evaluate the effectiveness of drainage culverts as habitat linkages for species, however, the efficiency of the sampling designs and the survey methods are not known. Our main goal was to estimate the most cost-effective monitoring method for sampling carnivore culvert using trac...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mateus AR,Grilo C,Santos-Reis M

    更新日期:2011-10-01 00:00:00

  • Toward a holistic environmental impact assessment of marble quarrying and processing: proposal of a novel easy-to-use IPAT-based method.

    abstract::Marble is a natural dimension stone that is widely used in building due to its resistance and esthetic qualities. Unfortunately, some concerns have arisen regarding its production process because quarrying and processing activities demand significant amounts of energy and greatly affect the environment. Further, perfo...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Capitano C,Peri G,Rizzo G,Ferrante P

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Factors affecting the leaching of lead from UPVC pipes.

    abstract::This paper summarizes the results of a series of studies on the various factors that affect the leaching of lead from unplasticized poly(vinyl chloride) (UPVC) pipes. Factors that were studied include temperature, pH and extractants. Results showed that, for a given UPVC pipe, the rate of leaching of lead depended pri...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koh LL,Wong MK,Gan LM,Yap CT

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • Monitoring spatial and temporal variation of dissolved oxygen and water temperature in the Savannah River using a sensor network.

    abstract::Dissolved oxygen is a critical component of river water quality. This study investigated average weekly dissolved oxygen (AWDO) and average weekly water temperature (AWT) in the Savannah River during 2015 and 2016 using data from the Intelligent River® sensor network. Weekly data and seasonal summary statistics reveal...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Post CJ,Cope MP,Gerard PD,Masto NM,Vine JR,Stiglitz RY,Hallstrom JO,Newman JC,Mikhailova EA

    更新日期:2018-04-10 00:00:00

  • Characterization and origin of organic and inorganic pollution in urban soils in Pisa (Tuscany, Italy).

    abstract::We assessed the quality of 31 urban soils in Pisa by analyzing total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs), Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Zn, and the platinum group elements (PGEs). The risk was evaluated by the geological accumulation index (I geo) and the enrichment factor (EF). Results were compared with those obtained from ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cardelli R,Vanni G,Marchini F,Saviozzi A

    更新日期:2017-10-12 00:00:00

  • Examination of compensatory model application in site selection.

    abstract::Nowadays, usage of compensatory models in land evaluation process and site selection is broadly observed. Meanwhile, methods such as analytical hierarchy process are used more than the others. Whether the usage of compensatory model methods in site selection studies is essentially correct or not is an issue that shoul...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zaredar N,Kheirkhah Zarkesh MM

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Monitoring sustainable forest management in different jurisdictions.

    abstract::The concept of sustainable forest management (SFM) requires forest resource managers to monitor and collect information pertaining to their environmental, economic and social impact. There are increasing expectations from a variety of publics (government, customers, and other stakeholders) that forests be demonstrably...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Hickey GM,Innes JL

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of palladium in soil samples by slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry after vortex-assisted ligandless preconcentration with magnetic nanoparticle-based dispersive solid-phase microextraction.

    abstract::In this study, a rapid and effective dispersive solid-phase microextraction (d-SPME) method was developed to preconcentrate Pd from aqueous extract of soil samples by slotted quartz tube-flame atomic absorption spectrometry (SQT-FAAS). The unique properties of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) were used to directly isolat...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aylin Kasa N,Sel S,Özkan BÇ,Bakırdere S

    更新日期:2019-10-30 00:00:00

  • Check dam sediments: an important indicator of the effects of environmental changes on soil erosion in the Loess Plateau in China.

    abstract::Check dam sediments document the process of soil erosion for a watershed. The main objectives of this research are as follows: first, to determine whether the sediments trapped in check dams can provide useful information about local erosion and the environment, and second, to obtain the extent to which they can be st...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wang Y,Chen L,Fu B,Lü Y

    更新日期:2014-07-01 00:00:00

  • An optical remote sensing approach for ecological monitoring of red and green Noctiluca scintillans.

    abstract::An ecosystem disruptive bloom of red Noctiluca scintillans (hereafter Noctiluca) was observed in coastal waters of the north-western Bay of Bengal during April 2014. Based on the principle of phytoplankton group/species specific remote sensing reflectance (Rrs), a technique of detecting green Noctiluca and diatom was ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Baliarsingh SK,Dwivedi RM,Lotliker AA,Sahu KC,Kumar TS,Shenoi SSC

    更新日期:2017-07-01 00:00:00