Risk communication: climate change as a human-health threat, a survey of public perceptions in Malta.


BACKGROUND:Scientific evidence shows that climate change is very likely the product of human behaviour and lifestyle. The effects of climate change on human health are diverse in nature and range from direct effects due to extreme weather events such as heat waves, floods and storms, to indirect effects such as those caused by water and food shortages. METHODS:A telephone survey was conducted between January and February 2009, on a stratified representative random sample of the Maltese population over the age of 18 years (N = 310,819). RESULTS:Five hundred and forty-three individuals successfully participated in the survey giving a response rate of 92.7%. The respondent sample was very similar to the target population by gender (P = 0.977), age (P = 0.767) and district (P = 0.812). The results of the study demonstrate a very strong relationship between the perception of climate change as a threat to health and well-being, support for climate change mitigation policy and a willingness to implement measures to address climate change. CONCLUSION:The findings of this study show that the perception that climate change may claim lives, cause disease, reduce the standard of living and worsen water shortages, may be the strongest driver behind support for climate change mitigation policy and a willingness to act. It is recommended that, in order to gain more public support, climate change campaigns and risk communication strategies should frame climate change as a threat to human health and general well-being.


Eur J Public Health


DeBono R,Vincenti K,Calleja N




Has Abstract


2012-02-01 00:00:00














  • Exposure to second-hand smoke in the context of tobacco policy changes in Estonia, 1996-2016.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) is a preventable cause of disease and disability that can effectively be tackled by tobacco legislation. The aim of the study was to analyse the trends of SHS exposure and its sociodemographic patterning during 1996-2016 in the context of tobacco policy changes in Estonia....

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reile R,Pärna K

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Coronary and cerebrovascular population-based registers in Europe: are morbidity indicators comparable? Results from the EUROCISS Project.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The EUROCISS Project (European Cardiovascular Indicators Surveillance Set), as part of the Health Monitoring Programme financed by the European Commission, has been implemented to develop health indicators and recommendations for the monitoring of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Morbidity data are rarely ava...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: EUROCISS Working Group.

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Determinants of inequalities in years with disability: an international-comparative study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Persons with a lower socioeconomic position spend more years with disability, despite their shorter life expectancy, but it is unknown what the important determinants are. This study aimed to quantify the contribution to educational inequalities in years with disability of eight risk factors: father's manual...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nusselder WJ,Rubio Valverde J,Bopp M,Brønnum-Hansen H,Deboosere P,Kalediene R,Kovács K,Leinsalu M,Martikainen P,Menvielle G,Regidor E,Wojtyniak B,Mackenbach JP

    更新日期:2020-11-22 00:00:00

  • Cost of youth tobacco-control policies in seven European countries.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Tobacco-control policies have been suggested to reduce smoking among adolescents. However, there is limited evidence on the real-world costs of implementation in different settings. In this study, we aimed at estimating the costs of school smoking bans, school prevention programmes and non-school bans (smoki...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leão T,Perelman J,Clancy L,Hoffmann L,Kinnunen JM,Mélard N,Nuyts PAW,Richter M,Rimpelä A,Lorant V,Kunst AE

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • The gap between suicide characteristics in the print media and in the population.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Programmes to educate media professionals about suicide are increasingly established, but information about which suicide cases are most likely to be reported in the mass media is sparse. METHODS:We applied binomial tests to compare frequencies of social characteristics of all domestic suicides in the 13 la...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Niederkrotenthaler T,Till B,Herberth A,Voracek M,Kapusta ND,Etzersdorfer E,Strauss M,Sonneck G

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Making decisions about colorectal cancer screening. A qualitative study among citizens with lower educational attainment.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Few decision aids (DAs) have been developed to support an informed choice to citizens with lower educational attainment about colorectal cancer screening. The aim of this study was to identify information needs and preferences for formats and content in a DA for this group of citizens. METHODS:Four focus gr...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kirkegaard P,Mortensen GL,Mortensen SL,Larsen MB,Gabel P,Andersen B

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Nutrition and inequalities. A note on sociological approaches.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This article provides an overview of three approaches taken to illuminate the sociological contribution to the field of nutrition and inequalities, in the hope of prompting future researchers to pursue the lines of enquiry suggested. APPROACHES:Under the heading of inequalities in food use, the paper first ...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Murcott A

    更新日期:2002-09-01 00:00:00

  • Price sensitivity and smoking smuggled cigarettes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study analysed the socio-economic factors that influence a smoker's decision to consume smuggled cigarettes when faced with the rising costs of legal cigarettes. We hope our findings will help public health authorities create policies that simultaneously discourage consumption of smuggled cigarettes and...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee JM,Chen SH,Chen HF,Jeng HY

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correlates of stages of change of smoking among inhabitants of deprived neighbourhoods.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This study examines the prevalence and correlates of stages of change of smoking, in terms of psychosocial, structural and sociodemographic factors, among inhabitants of deprived neighbourhoods. METHODS:Cross-sectional data were obtained from a survey on health related behaviour. Subjects were 2009 current ...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dotinga A,Schrijvers CT,Voorham AJ,Mackenbach JP

    更新日期:2005-04-01 00:00:00

  • Seroprevalence and risk factors for toxoplasmosis among antenatal women in London: a re-examination of risk in an ethnically diverse population.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Primary infection with Toxoplasma gondii in pregnancy can result in miscarriage, hydrocephalus, cerebral calcification and chorioretinitis in the newborn. The objective of our study was to evaluate seroprevalence of and analyse risk factors for toxoplasmosis in antenatal women from 2006 to 2008 in an ethnica...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Flatt A,Shetty N

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of the 2008 recession on well-being and employment status of people with and without mental health problems.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The world was hit hard by the 2008 recession which led to increased unemployment and financial strain. However, how the recession affected people with pre-existing mental health problems has been understudied. This study investigates the effect of the 2008 recession in Iceland on stress, well-being and emplo...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jónsdóttir U,Þórðardóttir EB,Aspelund T,Jónmundsson Þ,Einarsdóttir K

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • The contribution of smoking to mortality during working age at different levels of leisure-time physical activity.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Smoking and physical inactivity are linked to mortality, but it is not known whether the association between smoking and mortality is affected by the amount and intensity of physical activity. We examined the joint associations of smoking and physical activity with mortality, while taking key covariates into...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lallukka T,Lahti J,Lahelma E,Rahkonen O

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Lifecourse SEP and tobacco and cannabis use.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Social inequalities in substance use have been well-documented; however, the impact of changes in socio-economic position from childhood to adulthood is unclear. We examined the relationship between intergenerational trajectories of social position and tobacco and cannabis use among young adults. METHODS:Da...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bowes L,Chollet A,Fombonne E,Galéra C,Melchior M

    更新日期:2013-04-01 00:00:00

  • Leaving no one behind: health equity as a catalyst for the sustainable development goals.

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    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Buzeti T,Madureira Lima J,Yang L,Brown C

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    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bere E,van Lenthe F,Klepp KI,Brug J

    更新日期:2008-12-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:Joint British Societies have developed a tool that utilizes information on cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors to estimate an individual's 'heart age'. We studied if using heart age as an add-on to conventional risk communication could enhance the motivation for adapting to a healthier lifestyle result...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

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    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:European journal of public health

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    authors: Pulido J,Barrio G,Lardelli P,Bravo MJ,Regidor E,de la Fuente L

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Self-reported depression among migrant and native populations in Greece in times of crisis.

    abstract:Background:Recent evidence indicates to the alarming increase of depression, especially in Southern European countries. According to the literature, depressive symptoms are strongly associated with socioeconomic factors, while the prevalence of depression significantly differs by gender. Several scholars point out that...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stathopoulou T,Avrami L,Mouriki A,Cavounidis J,Kostaki A

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    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    authors: Plochg T,Schmidt M,Klazinga NS,Stronks K

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:Many professionals in the alcohol field see the role of the the European Court of Justice (ECJ) as negative for health. This review examines ECJ and European Free Trade Association (EFTA) case law in the context of two broader debates: firstly the extension of European Union (EU) law into alcohol policy (the...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Baumberg B,Anderson P

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:The combination of four protective lifestyle behaviours (being physically active, a non-smoker, a moderate alcohol consumer and having adequate fruit and vegetable intake) has been estimated to increase life expectancy by 14 years. However, the effect of adopting these lifestyle behaviours on general health,...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harrington J,Perry IJ,Lutomski J,Fitzgerald AP,Shiely F,McGee H,Barry MM,Van Lente E,Morgan K,Shelley E

    更新日期:2010-02-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Belsky J,Bell B,Bradley RH,Stallard N,Stewart-Brown SL

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:Background:Unemployment in early adulthood is associated with higher rate of disability due to common mental disorders (CMDs). We investigated to what extent the association between unemployment and sub-sequent long-term sickness absence due to CMDs is direct or whether it is dependent on accumulation of mental health ...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Harkko J,Virtanen M,Kouvonen A

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:Background:Homelessness is associated with increased mortality, morbidity and social difficulties and periods of homelessness are sometimes prolonged or repeated. However, there are no long-term follow-up studies focusing upon housing status among homeless people. The aim of this study was to examine morbidity and hous...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stenius-Ayoade A,Haaramo P,Kautiainen H,Sunikka S,Gissler M,Wahlbeck K,Eriksson JG

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Girvalaki C,Papadakis S,Vardavas C,Petridou E,Pipe A,Lionis C,Practice Based Research Network in Primary Care in Crete.

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:BACKGROUND:Turkey initiated the 'Health Transformation Programme' (HTP) in 2003 to align its health care system with the European Union and OECD countries. This study investigates the impact of these reforms on the efficiency of public hospitals. Our study would contribute to the existing literature with a comprehensiv...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sulku SN

    更新日期:2012-10-01 00:00:00

  • Advice to patients in Swedish primary care regarding alcohol and other lifestyle habits: how patients report the actions of GPs in relation to their own expectations and satisfaction with the consultation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lifestyle advice given by general practitioners (GPs) may be a cost-effective means of health promotion; however, it is not fully put into routine practice. The aim of this study was to explore to what extent GPs' patients expect and receive advice concerning alcohol, tobacco, exercise and diet in relation t...

    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johansson K,Bendtsen P,Akerlind I

    更新日期:2005-12-01 00:00:00

  • Deprivation and AIDS in a southern European city: different patterns across transmission group.

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    journal_title:European journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brugal MT,Borrell C,Díaz-Quijano E,Pasarín MI,García-Olalla P,Villalbí JR

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00