Body mass index in Saudi Arabian children and adolescents: a national reference and comparison with international standards.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:Because there are no reference standards for body mass index (BMI) in Saudi children, we established BMI reference percentiles for normal Saudi Arabian children and adolescents and compared them with international standards. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:Data from a stratified multistage probability sample were collected from the 13 health regions in Saudi Arabia, as part of a nationwide health profile survey of Saudi Arabian children and adolescents conducted to establish normal physical growth references. Selected households were visited by a trained team. Weight and length/height were measured and recorded following the WHO recommended procedures using the same equipment, which were subjected to both calibration and intra/interobserver variations. RESULTS:Survey of 11 874 eligible households yielded 35 275 full-term and healthy children and adolescents who were subjected to anthropometric measurements. Four BMI curves were produced, from birth to 36 months and 2 to 19 years for girls and boys. The 3rd , 5 th , 10th , 25th , 50th , 75th , 85th , 90th , 95th , and 97th percentiles were produced and compared with the WHO and CDC BMI charts. In the higher percentiles, the Saudi children differed from Western counterparts, indicating that Saudi children have equal or higher BMIs. CONCLUSION:The BMI curves reflect statistically representative BMI values for Saudi Arabian children and adolescents.

journal_name

Ann Saudi Med

journal_title

Annals of Saudi medicine

authors

Al Herbish AS,El Mouzan MI,Al Salloum AA,Al Qureshi MM,Al Omar AA,Foster PJ,Kecojevic T

doi

10.4103/0256-4947.55162

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2009-09-01 00:00:00

pages

342-7

issue

5

eissn

0256-4947

issn

0975-4466

pii

AnnSaudiMed_2009_29_5_342_55162

journal_volume

29

pub_type

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