An objective method for depicting team performance in elite professional rugby union.


:Using a two-study approach, we examined a methodology for objectively depicting team performance and form in a professional rugby union side. Study 1 developed standardized indicators to examine a team's performance in a single match relative to their previous matches over a domestic season via a performance report and form chart. This resulted in standardized performance indicators that provided instant and coherent feedback on the team's performance relative to previous standards. Study 2 then utilized this methodology to compare a match between two professional sides, played the following season, to assess the extent to which the performance by one team affected that of the other. Comparison of the two teams' performances, for the match they played against each other, identified a drop in relative performance (against previous standards) for both teams on the same performance indicators. This appeared to be due to the match being a close, hard-fought contest particularly in the tackle and around the gain-line. The findings of the two studies suggest an accurate and viable methodology for depicting team performance that is superior to the global measures previously adopted. Presenting teams' current standardized performances (i.e. form) on a single visual scale also has utility for coaches within an applied setting. Future research should further investigate the effect of one team's performance on another through both individual and team outcomes.


J Sports Sci


Jones NM,James N,Mellalieu SD




Has Abstract


2008-05-01 00:00:00














  • A biomechanical comparison of the vertical jump, power clean, and jump squat.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to compare the kinetics, kinematics, and muscle activation patterns of the countermovement jump, the power clean, and the jump squat with the expectation of gaining a better understanding of the mechanism of transfer from the power clean to the vertical jump. Ground reaction forces, elect...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: MacKenzie SJ,Lavers RJ,Wallace BB

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of the number of preceding muscle actions on subsequent peak power output.

    abstract::Many sports events require participants to exert a maximal effort in the closing stages-that is, after prior fatiguing exercise. Peak and mean pedalling rate during 30 s of high-intensity cycle ergometer exercise was manipulated by altering the applied resistance or the initial exercise intensity so that the effect of...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Cherry PW,Lakomy HK,Nevill ME,Maddox NL

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • Psychological characteristics of male gymnasts: differences between competitive levels.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to examine whether any differences exist in the cognitive and behavioural strategies of gymnasts competing at different elite levels. Thirty-eight male gymnasts competing at different competitive levels in an Australian gymnastic championship completed a standardized questionnaire prior t...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spink KS

    更新日期:1990-07-01 00:00:00

  • Strategies of Parkour practitioners for executing soft precision landings.

    abstract::Parkour landing techniques differ from performances of other sports as they are practiced in urban spaces with uncontrolled surfaces and drop heights. Due to the relatively young age of the sport, few studies have tried to understand how practitioners - called traceurs - succeed at performing these dynamic performance...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Maldonado G,Soueres P,Watier B

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Perceptions and use of recovery strategies: Do swimmers and coaches believe they are effective?

    abstract::This study aimed to investigate swimmer's use and coach prescription of recovery strategies during training and competition while examining perceived challenges, barriers, and beliefs in the importance of their effectiveness. A mixed-methods sequential explanatory design was implemented. Thirty-seven male and 45 femal...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shell SJ,Slattery K,Clark B,Broatch JR,Halson S,Kellmann M,Coutts AJ

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Validity and reliability of a low-cost dynamometer to assess maximal isometric strength of upper limb.

    abstract::Muscle imbalance and deficit are key parameters for guiding rehabilitation and sports sessions and avoiding injuries. However, the high cost and non-portable nature of most instruments employed for muscle strength assessment frequently hamper an affordable evaluation in field conditions. This study evaluated the valid...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Romero-Franco N,Fernández-Domínguez JC,Montaño-Munuera JA,Romero-Franco J,Jiménez-Reyes P

    更新日期:2019-08-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanisms of muscle fatigue in intense exercise.

    abstract::The manifestations of fatigue, as observed by reductions in the ability to produce a given force or power, are readily apparent soon after the initiation of intense activity. Moreover, following the activity, a sustained weakness may persist for days or even weeks. The mechanisms responsible for the impairment in perf...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Green HJ

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of cold water immersion on repeat cycling performance and thermoregulation in the heat.

    abstract::To assess the effect of cold water immersion and active recovery on thermoregulation and repeat cycling performance in the heat, ten well-trained male cyclists completed five trials, each separated by one week. Each trial consisted of a 30-min exercise task, one of five 15-min recoveries (intermittent cold water immer...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Vaile J,Halson S,Gill N,Dawson B

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between the relative age effect and anthropometry, maturity and performance in young soccer players.

    abstract::The presence of the relative age effect (RAE) has been widely reported; however, its underlying causes have not yet been determined. With this in mind, the present study examined if anthropometry and performance were different amongst older and younger soccer players born in the same year. Eighty-eight young soccer pl...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gil SM,Badiola A,Bidaurrazaga-Letona I,Zabala-Lili J,Gravina L,Santos-Concejero J,Lekue JA,Granados C

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Electromyographic activity during windsurfing on water.

    abstract::Electromyographic activity and the electrocardiogram were recorded during windsurfing on the water in six subjects (three females and three males). 'Beating' and 'reaching' (both with continuous pumping), 'running' and 'uphauling' were performed in light to moderate winds. The physiological signals were transmitted to...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dyson RJ,Buchanan M,Farrington TA,Hurrion PD

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • The "how" and "why" of the ancient Greek long jump with weights: a five-fold symmetric jump in a row?

    abstract::A plausible explanation for the ancient long jump records from Greek antiquity is sought on the basis of pictorial and written sources, and corroborated with practical tests. Ancient sources report that athletes jumped more than 15 m with weights in their hands, which enabled them to jump further than without these we...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Lenoir M,De Clercq D,Laporte W

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Physical Education Predisposition Scale: preliminary development and validation.

    abstract::The main aim of this study was to develop and test psychometrically the Physical Education Predisposition Scale, to assess secondary school students' cost-benefit assessment of physical education (PE) participation (PE attitude affective and attitude cognitive) and self-perceptions (PE perceived competence and self-ef...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hilland TA,Stratton G,Vinson D,Fairclough S

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Penalty corner routines in elite women's indoor field hockey: prediction of outcomes based on tactical decisions.

    abstract::Indoor hockey is a highly competitive international sport, yet no research to date has investigated the key actions within this sport. As with outdoor field hockey, penalty corners represent one of the most likely situations in which goals can be scored. All 36 matches of the round-robin phase of the 2010-2011 England...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vinson D,Padley S,Croad A,Jeffreys M,Brady A,James D

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • The elite player performance plan: the impact of a new national youth development strategy on injury characteristics in a premier league football academy.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to investigate the injury incidence and patterns in elite youth football at a category 1 Premier League Academy before and after the introduction of a new development strategy, the Elite Player Performance Plan (EPPP). A prospective study was performed over six consecutive seasons encom...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tears C,Chesterton P,Wijnbergen M

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Ergonomic analyses of downhill skiing.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to provide electromyographic feedback for (1) pedagogical advice in motor learning, (2) the ergonomics of materials choice and (3) competition. For these purposes: (1) EMG data were collected for the Stem Christie, the Stem Turn and the Parallel Christie (three basic ski initiation drills...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clarys JP,Publie J,Zinzen E

    更新日期:1994-06-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of the Actical activity monitor for assessing steps and energy expenditure during walking.

    abstract::This study examined the validity of the Actical accelerometer step count and energy expenditure (EE) functions in healthy young adults. Forty-three participants participated in study 1. Actical step counts were compared to actual steps taken during a 200 m walk around an indoor track at self-selected pace and during t...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Johnson M,Meltz K,Hart K,Schmudlach M,Clarkson L,Borman K

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Modelling age and secular differences in fitness between basketball players.

    abstract::Concerns about the value of physical testing and apparently declining test performance in junior basketball players prompted this retrospective study of trends in anthropometric and fitness test scores related to recruitment age and recruitment year. The participants were 1011 females and 1087 males entering Basketbal...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Drinkwater EJ,Hopkins WG,McKenna MJ,Hunt PH,Pyne DB

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Acute effects of static and dynamic stretching on hamstring eccentric isokinetic strength and unilateral hamstring to quadriceps strength ratios.

    abstract::The main purposes of this study were to investigate the acute effects of static and dynamic lower limb stretching routines: (a) on peak torque, total external work and joint angle at peak torque of the hamstrings during maximal eccentric isokinetic leg flexion; (b) on unilateral hamstring to quadriceps (H/Q) strength ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Ayala F,De Ste Croix M,Sainz De Baranda P,Santonja F

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Referee bias contributes to home advantage in English Premiership football.

    abstract::Officiating bias is thought to contribute to home advantage. Recent research has shown that sports with subjective officiating tend to experience greater home advantage and that referees' decisions can be influenced by crowd noise, but little work has been done to examine whether individual referees vary in their home...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boyko RH,Boyko AR,Boyko MG

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of bilateral and non-dominant practices on the lateral preference in judo matches.

    abstract::This study analysed the effects of bilateral and non-dominant practice on novice practitioners' lateral preference for judo skills in a combat context (i.e., randori). Thirty sports sciences students (22 men and 8 women; mean age 19 ± 1 years) with right hand, foot, and counterclockwise rotation preferences were divid...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Iglesias-Soler E,Mayo X,Dopico X,Fernández-Del-Olmo M,Carballeira E,Fariñas J,Fernández-Uribe S

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Designing small-sided games for training tactical aspects in soccer: extrapolating pitch sizes from full-size professional matches.

    abstract::The aims of this study were to examine the (1) individual playing area, (2) length and width of the rectangle encompassing the individual playing area and (3) distance between the goalkeepers and their nearest team-mates during professional soccer matches and compare these to previously reported pitch sizes for small-...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fradua L,Zubillaga A,Caro O,Iván Fernández-García A,Ruiz-Ruiz C,Tenga A

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Moral disengagement and associated processes in performance-enhancing drug use: a national qualitative investigation.

    abstract::This study investigated psychosocial processes associated with avoidance of health- and morality-based deterrents to performance-enhancing drug (PED) use. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 64 English male bodybuilders with experience of doping. Resultant data were content analysed deductively usi...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boardley ID,Grix J,Dewar AJ

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Russians are the fastest and the youngest in the "Comrades Marathon".

    abstract::The present retrospective study intended to determine age, performance, the role of nationality and participation trends across calendar years in runners competing in "Comrades Marathon", the ultra-marathon with the longest tradition and the highest number of finishers worldwide. We analysed 235,467 finishers (40,211 ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nikolaidis PT,Knechtle B

    更新日期:2019-06-01 00:00:00

  • Mechanical Player Load™ using trunk-mounted accelerometry in football: Is it a reliable, task- and player-specific observation?

    abstract::The aim of the present study was to examine reliability and construct convergent validity of Player Load™ (PL) from trunk-mounted accelerometry, expressed as a cumulative measure and an intensity measure (PL · min-1). Fifteen male participants twice performed an overground football match simulation that included four ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barreira P,Robinson MA,Drust B,Nedergaard N,Raja Azidin RMF,Vanrenterghem J

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Effect of stance position on kick performance in taekwondo.

    abstract::In taekwondo, the stance position can potentially affect kick performance. The aim of this study was to analyse mechanical variables in the roundhouse kick in taekwondo according to three stance positions (0°, 45°, 90°). Nine experienced taekwondo athletes performed consecutive kicking trials in a random order accordi...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Estevan I,Jandacka D,Falco C

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Maximal exercise performance and lean leg volume in men and women.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to compare the maximal exercise performance during cycle ergometry of 34 men and 47 women. External peak power output (OPP) and optimized pedalling rate (ORPM) were calculated from data gathered during an optimization procedure performed on a friction braked cycle ergometer. In addition, ...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Winter EM,Brookes FB,Hamley EJ

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Examination of birthplace and birthdate in World Junior ice hockey players.

    abstract::The present study investigated birthdate (known as the Relative Age Effect; RAE) and birthplace as determinants of expertise in an international sample of elite ice hockey players. The sample included 566 World Junior (WJR) ice hockey players from four countries (Canada, n = 153; USA, n = 136; Sweden, n = 140; Finland...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bruner MW,Macdonald DJ,Pickett W,Côté J

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Amateur football pitches: mechanical properties of the natural ground and of different artificial turf infills and their biomechanical implications.

    abstract::Artificial turf is being used more and more often. It is more available than natural turf for use, requires much less maintenance and new products are able to comply with sport performance and athletes' safety. The purpose of this paper is to compare the mechanical and biomechanical responses of two different artifici...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zanetti EM,Bignardi C,Franceschini G,Audenino AL

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Standardization indices of cardiac hypertrophy in weight lifters.

    abstract::In order to investigate further the use of standardization procedures to determine training effects on cardiac dimension and function, two groups of subjects were analysed noninvasively. A control group of sedentary men (n = 7) and an experimental group of weight lifters (n = 12) volunteered for a standard M-mode echo...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown SP,Thompson WR

    更新日期:1987-07-01 00:00:00

  • Individual differences in the interleukin-6 response to maximal and submaximal exercise tasks.

    abstract::The inflammatory responsive cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6) helps regulate immune responses to exercise. Evidence suggests that increases in IL-6 are related to exercise duration and intensity. However, the moderating effect of sex and underlying mediators have received limited attention. We compared plasma IL-6 respons...

    journal_title:Journal of sports sciences

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Edwards KM,Burns VE,Ring C,Carroll D

    更新日期:2006-08-01 00:00:00