Surge in treatment admissions related to methamphetamine use in Cape Town, South Africa: implications for public health.


INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:In the past decade, methamphetamine has become increasingly a drug of concern globally. The purpose of this study is to describe the changing trends in treatment admissions for methamphetamine abuse in Cape Town, South Africa and to highlight the implications of these changes for policy, practice and research. DESIGN AND METHODS:Data were collected on admissions for drug abuse treatment through a regular monitoring system involving drug treatment centres and programmes in Cape Town every 6 months as part of the South African Community Epidemiology Network on Drug Use (SACENDU). A one-page form was completed by treatment centre personnel to obtain demographic data, the patients' primary and secondary substances of abuse, the mode, frequency and age of first use of substance and information on prior treatment. RESULTS:The results indicate that between 2004 and 2006 a dramatic increase in treatment admissions for methamphetamine abuse occurred, a large proportion of the methamphetamine patients are adolescents and that the drug is almost exclusively smoked. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:The rapid increase in admissions for methamphetamine abuse is of great concern, particularly as the drug has a number of serious, often chronic, side effects and that a large proportion of the patients are adolescents. The implications for public health are discussed.


Drug Alcohol Rev


Drug and alcohol review


Plüddemann A,Myers BJ,Parry CD




Has Abstract


2008-03-01 00:00:00














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    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zinkiewicz L,Smith G,Burn M,Litherland S,Wells S,Graham K,Miller P

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • General practitioners' detection and management of patients with a dual diagnosis: implications for education and training.

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    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marshall KL,Deane FP

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Alcohol's role in sexual violence perpetration: theoretical explanations, existing evidence and future directions.

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    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Abbey A

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy: a methodological review of the evidence supporting its effectiveness.

    abstract::Despite optimistic predictions when nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) was switched to over-the-counter (OTC) availability, population surveys have failed to demonstrate a positive impact on long-term smoking cessation. This review examined the strength of the evidence from randomised trials and comparison group studi...

    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Walsh RA

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    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McKetin R,Hickey K,Devlin K,Lawrence K

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hargreaves K,Lenton S,Phillips M,Swensen G

    更新日期:2002-12-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

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  • Changing the density of alcohol outlets to reduce alcohol-related problems.

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  • Magistrates' Early Referral into Treatment (MERIT): preliminary findings of a 12-month court diversion trial for drug offenders.

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    authors: Reilly D,Scantleton J,Didcott P

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  • Consequences of a restrictive syringe exchange policy on utilisation patterns of a syringe exchange program in Baltimore, Maryland: Implications for HIV risk.

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    authors: Sherman SG,Patel SA,Ramachandran DV,Galai N,Chaulk P,Serio-Chapman C,Gindi RM

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    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

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    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

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    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


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    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


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    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mäkelä P,Tigerstedt C,Mustonen H

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    journal_title:Drug and alcohol review

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Robinson GM,Leslie H,Robinson BJ

    更新日期:1992-01-01 00:00:00