Gonadotropin-releasing hormone exhibits circadian rhythm in phase with arginine-vasopressin in co-cultures of the female rat preoptic area and suprachiasmatic nucleus.

Abstract:

:To determine whether the suprachiasmatic nucleus can drive a circadian release of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) in the preoptic area, we measured the release of GnRH, arginine-vasopressin and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in cocultures of the preoptic area and the suprachiasmatic nucleus at 2-h intervals over a period of 120 h. The release of GnRH in cocultures exhibited a significant circadian rhythm in the presence of oestrogen but not in the absence of oestrogen. The period of the GnRH circadian rhythm was the same as that of the arginine-vasopressin circadian rhythm, and different from the VIP circadian rhythm in each coculture. Furthermore, the peak phase of the GnRH rhythm occurred at the time same as that of the arginine-vasopressin rhythm in each coculture. However, the peak phase of the GnRH rhythm was not always the same as that of the VIP rhythm. Administration of arginine-vasopressin significantly increased GnRH release in single preoptic area cultures in the presence of oestrogen, but VIP did not. The result suggests that, in cocultures of the suprachiasmatic nucleus and the preoptic area, arginine-vasopressin neurones drive the circadian release of GnRH in the presence of oestrogen. We suggest that arginine-vasopressin neurones in the suprachiasmatic nucleus mediate the clock information to GnRH neurones in vivo as well.

journal_name

J Neuroendocrinol

authors

Funabashi T,Shinohara K,Mitsushima D,Kimura F

doi

10.1046/j.1365-2826.2000.00481.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-06-01 00:00:00

pages

521-8

issue

6

eissn

0953-8194

issn

1365-2826

pii

jne481

journal_volume

12

pub_type

杂志文章