The physical after-effects of torture.


:Descriptions and differentiating factors in post-torture lesions are described and discussed, from the point of view of the medical examination of persons alleging physical abuse of human rights. The lesions caused by various methods of torture are described. The material and expertise is drawn from a long experience both in clinical practice and in the examination of refugees and asylum-seekers who claim to have been tortured.


Forensic Sci Int


Forrest D




Has Abstract


1995-11-30 00:00:00














  • The chemistry of death--Adipocere degradation in modern graveyards.

    abstract::The formation of adipocere slows further decomposition and preserves corpses for decades or even centuries. This resistance to degradation is a serious problem, especially with regard to the reuse of graves after regular resting times. We present results from an exhumation series in modern graveyards where coffins fro...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fiedler S,Berns AE,Schwark L,Woelk AT,Graw M

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Alternative primers for DYS391 typing: advantages of their application to forensic genetics.

    abstract::The amplification of the STR DYS391, using the primers described in the Genome Data Base (GDB: G00-365-251), shows not only an additional band to the Y-specific one in males with a size range of 26 bp less than those of DYS391 locus alleles, but also a polymorphic pattern in females in the same size range as the addit...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gusmão L,González-Neira A,Sánchez-Diz P,Lareu MV,Amorim A,Carracedo A

    更新日期:2000-07-24 00:00:00

  • Physicians working under the influence of alcohol: An analysis of past disciplinary proceedings and their outcomes.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The intoxicated person may cause harm to others, often requiring expert evaluation for the determination of guilt. The primary aim of this study was to determine the mechanisms of mistakes that led 17 doctors accused of working under the influence of alcohol to face malpractice. We also wanted to clarify w...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sendler DJ

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Hair concentrations and self-reported abuse history of 20 amphetamine and ecstasy users.

    abstract::Hair samples of 20 volunteers of the techno-music scene, who more or less regularly consumed ecstasy tablets and speed and anonymously reported their abuse history, were analyzed in one to seven 3 cm segments for amphetamine (A), methamphetamine (MA), methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDM...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rothe M,Pragst F,Spiegel K,Harrach T,Fischer K,Kunkel J

    更新日期:1997-09-19 00:00:00

  • Fluoromethcathinone, a new substance of abuse.

    abstract::We have identified a new compound in capsules marketed as plant feeders available from internet suppliers. It is apparent from internet forums that these so-called plant feeders are being used as recreational drugs. The material is identified as being 3'-fluoromethcathinone. The compound in the capsule was identified ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Archer RP

    更新日期:2009-03-10 00:00:00

  • A dedicated internal standard in fragment length analysis of hyperpolymorphic short tandem repeats.

    abstract::Some of the most polymorphic short tandem repeats (STRs) have alleles differing in size by as little as one basepair. Since sizing precision with commercially available internal standards ordinarily does not allow safe discrimination at this level, typing is accomplished through comparisons with allelic ladders run on...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dupuy BM,Olaisen B

    更新日期:1997-05-05 00:00:00

  • Bayesian analysis of fingerprint, face and signature evidences with automatic biometric systems.

    abstract::The Bayesian approach provides a unified and logical framework for the analysis of evidence and to provide results in the form of likelihood ratios (LR) from the forensic laboratory to court. In this contribution we want to clarify how the biometric scientist or laboratory can adapt their conventional biometric system...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gonzalez-Rodriguez J,Fierrez-Aguilar J,Ramos-Castro D,Ortega-Garcia J

    更新日期:2005-12-20 00:00:00

  • Age estimation methods using hand and wrist radiographs in a group of contemporary Thais.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of three commonly used age estimation methods in Thailand: Greulich-Pyle, Tanner-Whitehouse and Fishman. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Three hundred and sixty-five hand and wrist radiographs of 8-20 years old Thai patients were retrospectively colle...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Benjavongkulchai S,Pittayapat P

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • Application of differential scanning calorimetry in the analysis of apprehended formulations of anabolic androgenic steroids.

    abstract::Over the past ten years, there has been a significant increase in the amount of formulations containing anabolic androgenic steroids apprehended worldwide. A considerable amount of these illicit preparations is falsified imposing a series of challenges for the analytical identification of alleged active ingredients du...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Berneira LM,de Freitas SC,da Silva CC,Machado AM,de Pereira CMP,Dos Santos MAZ

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Development of a comprehensive spectral library of sildenafil and related active analogues using LC-QTOF-MS and its application for screening counterfeit pharmaceuticals.

    abstract::The abuse or misuse of forged erectile-dysfunction drugs, containing phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (e.g. sildenafil), is a serious issue globally. Therefore, the detection of sildenafil and related active analogues in counterfeit pharmaceuticals or the differentiation between counterfeit and authentic drugs has ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee S,Ji D,Park M,Chung KH

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Serial postmortem thoracic radiographic findings in canine cadavers.

    abstract::Postmortem radiographic examinations of animals are often performed in judicial investigation to rule out gunshot and fractures due to cruelty. Literature describing postmortem changes seen on radiographs of animals is rarely available. Serial thoracic radiography of six recently euthanized dogs was performed in an in...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heng HG,Selvarajah GT,Lim HT,Ong JS,Lim J,Ooi JT

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Genotyping for DQA1 and PM loci in urine using PCR-based amplification: effects of sample volume, storage temperature, preservatives, and aging on DNA extraction and typing.

    abstract::Urine is often the sample of choice for drug screening in aviation/general forensic toxicology and in workplace drug testing. In some instances, the origin of the submitted samples may be challenged because of the medicolegal and socioeconomic consequences of a positive drug test. Methods for individualization of biol...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vu NT,Chaturvedi AK,Canfield DV

    更新日期:1999-05-31 00:00:00

  • Genetic data on 19 STR loci in south-east Poland.

    abstract::Allele frequencies for the 19 STRs loci, D3S1358, D5S818, D7S820, D8S1179, D13S317, D16S539, D18S51, D21S11, CSF1PO, F13A01, F13B, FESFPS, FGA, LPL, Penta D, Penta E, TH01, TPOX and VWA were obtained from a sample of 203-1188 unrelated individuals living in the area of south-east Poland. ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kozioł P,Ciesielka M,Madro R,Krajka A

    更新日期:2004-01-06 00:00:00

  • Weapon identification using antemortem computed tomography with virtual 3D and rapid prototype modeling--a report in a case of blunt force head injury.

    abstract::A frequent request of a prosecutor referring to forensic autopsy is to determine the mechanism of an injury and to identify the weapons used to cause those injuries. This task could be problematic in many ways, including changes in the primary injury caused by medical intervention and the process of healing. To accomp...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Woźniak K,Rzepecka-Woźniak E,Moskała A,Pohl J,Latacz K,Dybała B

    更新日期:2012-10-10 00:00:00

  • Inter- and intra-subject variability in ethanol pharmacokinetic parameters: effects of testing interval and dose.

    abstract::Calculation of a blood alcohol concentration (BAC) at the time of an offence by forward or back-extrapolation, using population average values for ethanol pharmacokinetic parameters or a single estimate of individual specific parameters, ignores the possibility of inter- and intra-subject variability. In order to esti...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yelland LN,Burns JP,Sims DN,Salter AB,White JM

    更新日期:2008-02-25 00:00:00

  • Cannabinoid level in the leaves as a tool for the early discrimination of Cannabis chemiovariants.

    abstract::One hundred and seventy-six plants of 22 different lots of Cannabis sativa L., grown at the Botanical Garden of Siena (Italy) were chromatographically analysed in order to define the cannabinoid content in their leaves. The content of the major cannabinoids, delta 9-tetrahydrocannabinol, cannabidiol, cannabinol and ca...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Barni-Comparini I,Ferri S,Centini F

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Fatal versus non-fatal heroin "overdose": blood morphine concentrations with fatal outcome in comparison to those of intoxicated drivers.

    abstract::The study was performed to distinguish fatal from non-fatal blood concentrations of morphine. For this purpose, blood levels of free morphine and total morphine (free morphine plus morphine conjugates) in 207 cases of heroin-related deaths were compared to those in 27 drivers surviving opiate intoxication. The majorit...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Meissner C,Recker S,Reiter A,Friedrich HJ,Oehmichen M

    更新日期:2002-11-05 00:00:00

  • Simultaneous determination for oxicam non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in human serum by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

    abstract::A high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS) technique was developed for the simultaneous determination of five non-steroidal anti-inflammatory oxicam drugs (ampiroxicam, tenoxicam, piroxicam, meloxicam and lornoxicam) in human plasma. These five oxicam drugs and isoxicam (internal stan...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shirako J,Kawasaki M,Komine K,Kunisue Y,Terada M,Sasaki C,Irie W,Murakami C,Tonooka K,Tomobe K,Shinozuka T

    更新日期:2013-04-10 00:00:00

  • Chemical profile of counterfeit buprenorphine vials seized in Tehran, Iran.

    abstract::Buprenorphine, commonly known by the trademark Temgesic, is one of the most popular drugs of abuse among the opioid-addicted young individuals in Iran. Temgesic, Bungesic, etc. are the most popular and important illicit opioid drugs in Tehran's illicit drugs black market, and are now among the most widely abused by op...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 信件


    authors: Soltaninejad K,Faryadi M,Akhgari M,Bahmanabadi L

    更新日期:2007-10-25 00:00:00

  • External appearance of forensic autopsy material of alcoholics.

    abstract::Forensic material of alcoholics was compared with controls with regard to the height, weight, state of nutrition, stature, the ageing process and the presence of traumatic lesions. Surprisingly, it was found that alcoholic women were taller than controls. Alcoholics were significantly more often slightly undernourishe...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomsen JL,Albrektsen SB

    更新日期:1995-01-21 00:00:00

  • Comparison of scanning Kelvin probe with SEM/EPMA techniques for fingermark recovery from metallic surfaces.

    abstract::Most traditional techniques to recover latent fingermarks from metallic surfaces do not consider the metal surface properties and instead focus on the fingermark chemistry. The scanning Kelvin probe (SKP) technique is a non-contact, non-destructive method, used under ambient conditions, which can be utilised to recove...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Challinger SE,Baikie ID,Flannigan G,Halls S,Laing K,Daly L,Nic Daeid N

    更新日期:2018-10-01 00:00:00

  • Injuries to the hyoid bone and laryngeal cartilages: effectiveness of different methods of medico-legal investigation.

    abstract::The article is devoted to the comparative analysis of effectiveness of the most widely used methods for medico-legal examination of the hyoid bone and laryngeal cartilages, i.e. palpation, radiography and complete preparation. A consecutive study of 137 cases of hanging (including 20 cases of roentgenological analysis...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khokhlov VD

    更新日期:1997-08-22 00:00:00

  • Subacute fatal aluminum poisoning in dialyzed patients: post-mortem toxicological findings.

    abstract::The population of Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles (133,000) shows a very high prevalence of end-stage renal disease (approximately 1 per 1,000). These patients are often treated chronically with haemodialysis. As the drinking water on the island is prepared by distillation of sea water, the haemodialysis fluid used to b...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: de Wolff FA,Berend K,van der Voet GB

    更新日期:2002-08-14 00:00:00

  • Accuracy and reliability of breath alcohol testing by handheld electrochemical analysers.

    abstract::Usefulness of portable, handheld breath analysers equipped with electrochemical sensor was assessed. Breath- and blood-alcohol concentrations in drunken drivers were taken from 370 expert opinions elaborated at the Institute of Forensic Research between January 1st 2002 and February 28th 2007. The results of second an...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zuba D

    更新日期:2008-07-04 00:00:00

  • Simultaneous determination of pethidine (meperidine), phenoperidine, and norpethidine (normeperidine), their common metabolite, by gas chromatography with selective nitrogen detection.

    abstract::This article describes a selective gas chromatographic method for the resolution and quantification of phenoperidine and its two metabolites, pethidine (meperidine) and norpethidine (normeperidine). Drugs and SKF 525 A, the internal standard, are separated from plasma by solvent extraction under alkaline conditions. T...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kintz P,Godelar B,Mangin P,Lugnier AA,Chaumont AJ

    更新日期:1989-12-01 00:00:00

  • Levamisole-adulterated cocaine: Two fatal case reports and evaluation of possible cocaine toxicity potentiation.

    abstract::Levamisole has been identified as a cocaine adulterant in the United States since 2002. Although there is a variation in the percentage of levamisole in cocaine samples between European countries, measurement of levamisole in human samples of cocaine users has become increasingly important. To our best knowledge, only...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Indorato F,Romano G,Barbera N

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Studies about quantitative examination of laser printed documents based on image physical metric.

    abstract::In the field of questioned document examinations, the disadvantages of qualitative examination based on expert experience are becoming more and more obvious. In the source determination of laser-printed documents, the quantitative evaluation based on image quality is more and more important. In this paper, the ImageXp...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li B,Qu Y,Wang C,Zhou G

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Immunohistochemical analysis of dendritic cells in skin lesions: correlations with survival time.

    abstract::The response to wounds until healing requires the activity of many cell types coordinate in space and time, so that the types of cells in a wound and their localization may be of help to date lesions with respect to death, which would be useful in forensic pathology. Cells reacting to injury include dendritic cells; t...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bacci S,Defraia B,Cinci L,Calosi L,Guasti D,Pieri L,Lotti V,Bonelli A,Romagnoli P

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Psychical and physical symptoms after torture. A prospective controlled study.

    abstract::This is the first controlled study of torture victims published. Ten persons who alleged subjection to torture were examined by two different medical teams during the first months after torture. The testimonies of the probands were found to be credible and the method of examination was found to be reliable. The state ...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petersen HD,Jacobsen P

    更新日期:1985-11-01 00:00:00

  • Characterising the online weapons trafficking on cryptomarkets.

    abstract::Weapons related webpages from nine cryptomarkets were manually duplicated in February 2016. Information about the listings (i.e. sales proposals) and vendors' profiles were extracted to draw an overview of the actual online trafficking of weapons. Relationships between vendors were also inferred through the analysis o...

    journal_title:Forensic science international

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rhumorbarbe D,Werner D,Gilliéron Q,Staehli L,Broséus J,Rossy Q

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00