Risks and benefits of pre-operative dexmedetomidine in oral and maxillofacial surgeries: a systematic review.


INTRODUCTION:Oral and maxillofacial surgeries might induce anxiety and pain to the patients. Sedative agents are one of the best ways for eliminating such consequences. Dexmedetomidine (DEX) is a recent sedative agent which presents higher sedative quality with greater specificity than other drugs. The aim of present paper is to evaluate the risks and benefits of administrating DEX during oral and maxillofacial surgeries by reviewing high quality released articles. Areas covered: Searches on PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science databases were completed with focus on randomized controlled trials (RCT). Related articles, from 2000 to 2015, were selected based on inclusion criteria and quality assessments factors. Full texts of the selected articles were screened and their significant information were gathered for judgments. Expert opinion: 17 RCTs on a total of 765 patients were screened. Some of the difficulties during reviewing the articles were: different pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamics of drugs when combined with DEX, different time spots and method of monitoring, including studies on both minor and major surgeries for better data collection. Recent researches are going to focus on application of DEX for in-office procedures because of its desirable properties. Nevertheless, the analgesic and amnesic features of DEX are still questionable.


Expert Opin Drug Saf


Davoudi A,Movahedian Attar B,Shadmehr E




Has Abstract


2017-06-01 00:00:00












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