[Emotional self-control, coping with stress and psycho-physical well-being of prison officers].

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Mental and physical health status is closely associated with the specific character of work in the structures of the uniformed services. The aim of the study was to examine how self-control, revealed strategies of coping with stress, sociodemographic factors differentiate the level of psychological and physical well-being of prison officers, and what is the predictor of psychological and physical well-being in this occupational group. MATERIAL AND METHODS:A questionnaire survey was conducted in a group of 75 prison officers working in the Prison Potulice Security Department. In the study the following tools were used: the questionnaire on "Psychosocial working conditions", popular questionnaire on emotional intelligence (Popularny Kwestionariusz Inteligencji Emocjonalnej--PKIE), Measure Coping Strategies with Stress (Mini-COPE) and the questionnaire on sociodemographic variables. RESULTS:A higher level of mental and physical well-being of the subjects was accompanied by a higher level of declared active coping and a lower level in the range of helplessness, avoidance, turn to religion and sense of humor. Regression analysis showed that the levels of emotional control, helplessness strategy and support seeking strategies are important predictors of physical well-being of the dependent variable. As regards the psychological well-being, significant predictors are: the levels of emotional control, sense of humor and support seeking. The value of the results is limited due to the methodology used to collect questionnaires. In our study a random trial was not used as the questionnaires were completed only by individuals interested in the subject under study. CONCLUSIONS:Knowledge about the specificity of the psychophysical characteristics of prison officers should be taken into account when designing the tools of occupational health promotion. Studies show an average low level of perceived well-being with a high level of self-control. WSTĘP::Stan zdrowia psychofizycznego u funkcjonariuszy służby więziennej jest ściśle związany ze specyfiką pracy w strukturach służb mundurowych. Celem pracy było przeanalizowanie, w jaki sposób samokontrola, strategie radzenia sobie ze stresem i czynniki socjodemograficzne różnicują poziom samopoczucia psychofizycznego u funkcjonariuszy służby więziennej oraz co jest predyktorem samopoczucia psychofizycznego w tej grupie zawodowej. MATERIAŁ I METODY::Badanie kwestionariuszowe przeprowadzono w grupie 75 funkcjonariuszy służby więziennej pracujących w dziale ochrony Zakładu Karnego w Potulicach. Jako narzędzia wykorzystano kwestionariusz „Psychospołeczne warunki pracy”, Popularny Kwestionariusz Inteligencji Emocjonalnej (PKIE), Inwentarz do Pomiaru Strategii Radzenia sobie ze Stresem (Measure Coping Strategies with Stress – Mini-COPE) oraz ankietę dotyczącą zmiennych o charakterze socjodemograficznym, przygotowaną przez autorów niniejszej pracy. Do analizy statystycznej wykorzystano pakiet SPSS 18.0. WYNIKI::Wyższemu poziomowi samopoczucia psychicznego i fizycznego osób badanych towarzyszy wyższy poziom deklarowanego aktywnego radzenia sobie oraz niższy poziom w zakresie bezradności, unikania, zwrotu ku religii i poczucia humoru. Analiza regresji wykazała, że poziom kontroli emocjonalnej, poziom korzystania ze strategii bezradności oraz poziom korzystania ze strategii poszukiwania wsparcia są istotnymi predyktorami zmiennej zależnej „samopoczucie fizyczne”. W stosunku do zmiennej „samopoczucie psychiczne” istotnymi predyktorami są poziom kontroli emocjonalnej, poziom poczucia humoru i poziom poszukiwania wsparcia. Należy zwrócić uwagę, że wiarygodność uzyskanych wyników jest ograniczona ze względu na zastosowaną metodykę zbierania ankiet. Nie była to próba losowa, ponieważ ankiety wypełniały tylko osoby zainteresowane. WNIOSKI::Wiedza na temat specyfiki funkcjonowania psychofizycznego funkcjonariuszy służby więziennej powinna być brana pod uwagę przy konstruowaniu narzędzi promocji zdrowia w tej grupie zawodowej, ponieważ badania wykazują średnio niski poziom postrzeganego dobrostanu przy jednoczesnym wysokim poziomie samokontroli. Med. Pr. 2015;66(3):373–382.

journal_name

Med Pr

journal_title

Medycyna pracy

authors

Sygit-Kowalkowska E,Weber-Rajek M,Porażyński K,Goch A,Kraszkiewicz K,Bułatowicz I

doi

10.13075/mp.5893.00182

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-01-01 00:00:00

pages

373-82

issue

3

eissn

0465-5893

issn

2353-1339

pii

58329

journal_volume

66

pub_type

杂志文章
  • [The management of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in drivers - recommendations of the Polish Society Of Occupational Medicine, The Polish Respiratory Society, The Nofer Institute of Occupational Medicine in Lodz and The Polish Sleep Research Society].

    abstract::The findings of numerous studies and analyzes conducted in many countries have proven that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) negatively affects the psychophysical abilities drivers. Therefore, in Commission Directive 2014/85/EU of July, 1 2014, OSA was recognized as one of the most important risk factors for car accidents...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 指南

    doi:10.13075/mp.5893.00927

    authors: Siedlecka J,Rybacki M,Pływaczewski R,Czajkowska-Malinowska M,Radliński J,Kania A,Śliwiński P

    更新日期:2020-03-30 00:00:00

  • [Activity of acid phosphatase in saliva of industrial workers exposed to fluorine compounds].

    abstract::Assuming that fluorine is a strong inhibitor of phosphatases, the activity of acid phosphatase in the saliva of 42 phosphorus fertilizers plant workers was studied. The workers were chronically exposed to fluorine compounds. Saliva had been collected for studies before the workers entered the productive plant and afte...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kreglewska B,Afeltowicz E,Zajaczkowska-Białowas L,Nowicka J

    更新日期:1978-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Analysis of the usefulness of different methods of the evaluation of heart rate during work in work load studies].

    abstract::The load of the circulatory system during work is usually evaluated basing on the heart beats above the heart rate at rest (i.e. the difference between the heart rate during work and at rest). To differentiate this evaluation according to the subjects' age, the percentage of heart rate reserve (the difference between ...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Makowiec-Dabrowska T,Radwan-Włodarczyk Z,Koszada-Włodarczyk W

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Toxicokinetics of benzene in humans. Excretion of phenol with urine and benzene with expired air after single and 4-day inhalation exposure].

    abstract::Five male volunteers were exposed to benzene vapour (100 mg X m-3) during 2 h singly and during 4 successive days. The mean retention of benzene in the lungs and mean dose amounted to 61% and 74 mg, respectively. Two phases of the excretion of unchanged benzene in the expired air (t 1/2 approximately 2 h and approxima...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Paradowski M,Jakubowski M,Podoski A

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Variations in body weight as a function of age and smoking in physical workers].

    abstract::The body weight of 181 men performing physical work at an industrial plant was observed for a long time. The rate of excessive body weight was about 20% and varied with age and smoking. In those with excessive body weight during 5 years a significantly higher rate of circulatory system diseases was found. The relative...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kocieniewska D

    更新日期:1981-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Studies of the correlation of physiologic energy out put and efficiency and physical work capacity (VO2max) of turners].

    abstract::The studies covered 30 young turners carrying on piecework. The physiological expense was determined basing on the pulse rate during professional work, whereas the oxygen uptake (VO2max)--by indirect and direct methods. The studies demonstrated a strong correlation between the work physiological expense and oxygen cei...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Jopkiewicz A

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Lead in the environment of Poland].

    abstract::Lead belongs to those elements which have a great variety of applications in the up-to-date technology. In the form of waste products or automotive wastes it has been brought into a global circulation. The authors attempt to present harmful effects of this "environmental poison" on individual media and human populatio...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Dutkiewicz T,Swiatczak J

    更新日期:1993-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Tick-borne diseases in Poland: Prevalence and difficulties in diagnostics].

    abstract::The article presents an overview of diagnostics of tick-borne diseases in Poland, which form one of the most prevalent group of occupational illnesses in the Polish area. This is a current issue due to a constantly growing number of tick-borne infections, i.e., Lyme borreliosis, tick-borne encephalitis, tularemia, Q f...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.13075/mp.5893.00264

    authors: Kmieciak W,Ciszewski M,Szewczyk EM

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Use of the exposure test and the gas concentration measurements in the breathing zones for the evaluation of the workers' exposure to carbon disulfide].

    abstract::Individual exposures to CS2 of 31 workers in a viscose rayon plant were examined by personal continuous air sampling and two versions of iodo-azide test (chronometric and titrimetric methods). The obtained results indicate that during occupational exposure there is no practical correlation between 8-hours time-weight ...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Pankiewicz K,Krajewski J

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Mental evaluation after chronic exposure to tetrachloroethylene].

    abstract::With the aim of determining the effects of chronic occupational exposure to Per upon the selected intellectual and psychomotor functions two groups of workers have been examined. The proper group was that of chemical laundry workers exposed to Per (concentrations within TLVs and above). The control group was composed ...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Bazylewicz-Walczak B,Marszał-Wiśniewska M

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Examination of health effects from exposure to metallic mercury in workers employed in production of chlorine and aldehyde. II. Assessment of kidney lesions].

    abstract::A group under study embraced 73 workers involved in the production of acetic aldehyde, 74 workers of the department of chlorine and 13 retired workers with past poisoning by mercury. The control group consisted of 40 persons. Examinations performed in all subjects were designed mainly to assess the kidney lesions. The...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Marek K,Wocka-Marek T,Zajac-Nedza M,Rola E,Zejda J,Kochańska-Dziurowicz A,Smolicha W

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Contact allergy to preservatives contained in cosmetics].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to assay the type of allergy to preservatives contained in cosmetics and to assess the usefulness of the composition of allergens included in a standard series for the diagnosis of occupational contact allergy used to date. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The frequency of contact allergy to ...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kieć-Swierczyńska M,Krecisz B,Swierczyńska-Machura D

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Results of the exposure to ethylene oxide with special reference to its carcinogenic and hematotoxic effects].

    abstract::The aim of the present paper is to present a review of the effects of exposure to ethylene oxide. Carcinogenic and genotoxic effects of this gas are particularly dangerous for medical staff employed at nonthermal sterilizing of medical equipment. In these workers ethylene oxide induces various chromosomal aberrations,...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Rucińska M,Lisiewicz J

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Polish asbestos and its fibrogenic effect. II. Identification and fibrogenic effect of fibrous minerals occurring in road stone deposits].

    abstract::Fibrogenic properties of a fibrous mineral occurring in road stone deposits mined at Nasławice at the Lower Silesia have been tested. Diffractometric and infrared absorption spectra tests identified this mineral as antigorite. The content of free crystalline silica was 1.3%. The dust (50 mg) obtained from the test min...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Woźniak H,Wiecek E

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Implementation of the Amiantus project involving prophylactic medical examinations of the former employees of asbestos processing plants].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Based on a 11-year implementation of the Amiantus Project, this paper reports the results of prophylactic medical examinations of the former workers of asbestos processing plants. The Project involving employees of 28 former asbestos plants was started by the Ministry of Health in 2000 under the Act on the b...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Szubert Z,Stankiewicz-Choroszucha B,Wrońska-Sobolewska M,Cwynar E,Dobrowolska J,Wróbel R,Ratka M,Jakubowski J,Skórska-Ciszewska I,Turbańska R,Gazda U,Sova M,Pawłowska-Koziełł H,Latala-Łoś E,Komorowska E,Sobala W,Swiatkows

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Problems of the evaluation of occupational exposure in epidemiologic case-control studies].

    abstract::The paper presents issues concerning collecting and assessing data on occupational exposure in case-referent studies. The authors discuss different opinions and methods for obtaining relatively trustworthy and valuable information regarding this subject. The system of combining data on profession and kind of exposure ...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Kubasiewicz M,Starzyński Z

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Problems of environmental exposure to toxic effects of glutaraldehyde in medicine].

    abstract::Glutaraldehyde is an antibacterial and antiviral agent commonly used for cleaning and disinfection of endoscopic equipment. The accepted glutaraldehyde air-concentration is 0.2 ppm. The irritant action, allergic potential and possible neurotoxicity of glutaral have been reported. Red eyes, cough, headache and running ...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Leszczyszyn J,Andrzejak R,Jurga M

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • [High density lipoprotein cholesterol level in rats poisoned with cadmium].

    abstract::The effect of cadmium on lipid metabolism in persons occupationally and environmentally exposed to this metal may lead to the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. The disturbances of the reverse transport of cholesterol could be responsible for the vascular changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact o...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Skoczyńska A

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Post-accident injuries to the locomotor system and divergent medical opinions on the percentage of health loss in insured persons].

    abstract::The authors present the results of an analysis of certification rules applied by insurance companies for the purpose of medical expertise. It was found that the percentage of health loss was very frequently understated by insurance companies as compared with that decided by Polish courts. This mostly applied to diseas...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kordel K,Stryjska M,Tuszyński K,Tomaszkiewicz J,Wiśniewski S

    更新日期:2006-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Dermal exposure to pesticides among women working in Polish greenhouses using cotton patches].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The work in greenhouses might involve indirect exposure to pesticides, resulting from the contact with previously pesticide-treated flowers and vegetables. The objective of the study was to assess the exposure to selected pesticides of workers tending and harvesting greenhouse cultivations after the restrict...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Jurewicz J,Hanke W,Sobala W,Ligocka D

    更新日期:2008-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Whole blood and plasma viscosity and erythrocyte aggregation in power plant repairmen].

    abstract::Forty-nine workers employed at power plants repairs underwent examinations and tests of: circulatory system, whole blood and plasma viscosity, red cell aggregation, concentration and electrophoretic picture of serum proteins, levels of glucose in blood and cholesterol and beta lipoproteins in serum. Ten per cent of th...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Kossmann S,Turczyński B,Pierzchała W,Maślankiewicz A,Chorazy M

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Risk of cadrdiovascular diseases in lead-exposed workers of crystal glassworks. Part I. Effect of lead on blood pressure and lipid metabolism].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chronic occupational or environmental exposure to small doses of lead results in cardiovascular disorders: arterial hypertension, lipid metabolism disturbances and exacerbation of free radical processes. Each of these changes determines an independent cardiovascular risk factor. The aim of this study was to ...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Skoczyńska A,Gruber K,Belowska-Bień K,Mlynek V

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Physical fitness of students of various vocational schools].

    abstract::Average values of various anthropometric and physiologic indices have been obtained for a representative group of 485 pupils of vocational schools, aged 14-18. The mean values of height (almost 175 cm), weight (66 kg) and Vo2 max (3.25 lo2/min or 48.3 ml/kg x min. or 59.2 ml/kg FFB/min.) were somewhat higher than aver...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Pałka MJ

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Effect of noise, exertion and thermal load on temporary auditory threshold shift (TTS) and on fatigue].

    abstract::Temporary threshold shifts were determined in 14 voluntary subjects who were exposed during one hour to noise levels 70, 85 and 100 dB(A) accompanied by physical exercise (30% VO2max), thermal load (TE = 32.0 +/- 0.8 degrees C), and after combined exposure to these three factors. Before and after each exposure, tempor...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Spioch FM,Debowski MT

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Do the requirements included in the regulation on health and safety at school effectively prevent children from carrying too heavy schoolbags?]

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Excessive spinal load caused by a schoolbag has a major impact on the child's body posture. The National Sanitary Inspector recommends the limit of schoolbag weight as corresponding to 10-15% of the student's weight. The aim of the study was to assess the spinal load of children aged 6-9 years, caused by sch...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.13075/mp.5893.00998

    authors: Malinowska-Borowska J,Flajszok K

    更新日期:2020-12-03 00:00:00

  • [Work-family conflict and family-work conflict in aspects of sex and intergenerational differences].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:This paper presents the results of the study concerning mutual relations between work-family conflict and family-work conflict in the context of age and sex. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The study included 223 subjects (115 women, 108 men, 74 mothers and 61 fathers), aged 21-63. The Work-Family and Family-Work Conf...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.13075/mp.5893.00040

    authors: Lubrańska A

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Night work and health status of nurses and midwives. cross-sectional study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of this study was to assess the association between night shift work and the prevalence of diseases and conditions among nurses and midwives. MATERIAL AND METHODS:The study included 725 subjects (354 working on night shifts and 371 working only during the day). The data were collected via an intervi...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Burdelak W,Bukowska A,Krysicka J,Pepłońska B

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Use of personal protective equipment under occupational exposure to cytostatics].

    abstract:BACKGROUND:A growing number of cancer cases enhances the usage of cytostatic agents and thereby contributes to the increase in the number of health care workers occupationally exposed to cytostatics. MATERIAL AND METHODS:This article presents the results of the survey aimed at obtaining data on the reduction of occupa...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.13075/mp.5893.00323

    authors: Krzemińska S,Pośniak M,Szewczyńska M

    更新日期:2016-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Technical possibilities of estimating the environmental exposure to electromagnetic fields for biomedical investigations based on cellular telephony systems].

    abstract::The work addresses technical aspects of the assessment of exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) in the environment based on cellular telephony systems. In this paper, EMF parameters, important to the biosphere exposure, are discussed, and the methods for the EMF assessment: theoretical analysis of EMF intensity in ...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:

    authors: Bieńkowski P,Zubrzak B

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • [Lead level of the hair in persons occupationally exposed to it in selected work places].

    abstract::The concentration of lead was determined in the hair of 69 occupationally exposed and 55 non-exposed subjects. The mean lead content in the three selected occupationally exposed groups was 17.48, 29.03 and 25.74 micrograms/respectively, significant differences being found between some of them. The mean lead content in...

    journal_title:Medycyna pracy

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Zaborowska W,Wierciński J,Maciejewska-Kozak H

    更新日期:1989-01-01 00:00:00