The cucurbit images (1515-1518) of the Villa Farnesina, Rome.


BACKGROUND:The gorgeous frescoes organized by the master Renaissance painter Raphael Sanzio (1483-1520) and illustrating the heavenly adventures of Cupid and Psyche were painted between 1515 and 1518 to decorate the Roman villa (now known as the Villa Farnesina) of the wealthy Sienese banker Agostino Chigi (1466-1520). Surrounding these paintings are festoons of fruits, vegetables and flowers painted by Giovanni Martini da Udine (1487-1564), which include over 170 species of plants. A deconstruction and collation of the cucurbit images in the festoons makes it possible to evaluate the genetic diversity of cucurbits in Renaissance Italy 500 years ago. FINDINGS:The festoons contain six species of Old World cucurbits, Citrullus lanatus (watermelon), Cucumis melo (melon), Cucumis sativus (cucumber), Ecballium elaterium (squirting cucumber), Lagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd) and Momordica balsamina (balsam apple), and two or three species of New World cucurbits, Cucurbita maxima, C. pepo and, perhaps, C. moschata (pumpkin, squash, gourd). The images of C. maxima are the first illustrations of this species in Europe.


Ann Bot


Annals of botany


Janick J,Paris HS





Has Abstract


2006-02-01 00:00:00














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    abstract::Background and Aims Morphological variation in light-foraging strategies potentially plays important roles in efficient light utilization and carbon assimilation in spatially and temporally heterogeneous environments such as tropical moist forest understorey. By considering a suite of morphological traits at various h...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laurans M,Vincent G

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Differential regulatory role of nitric oxide in mediating nitrate reductase activity in roots of tomato (Solanum lycocarpum).

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Nitric oxide (NO) has been demonstrated to stimulate the activity of nitrate reductase (NR) in plant roots supplied with a low level of nitrate, and to affect proteins differently, depending on the ratio of NO to the level of protein. Nitrate has been suggested to regulate the level of NO in plants....

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jin CW,Du ST,Zhang YS,Lin XY,Tang CX

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Rapid loss of genetic variation in a founding population of Primula elatior (Primulaceae) after colonization.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Land-use changes and associated extinction/colonization dynamics can have a large impact on population genetic diversity of plant species. The aim of this study was to investigate genetic diversity in a founding population of the self-incompatible forest herb Primula elatior and to elucidate the pro...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacquemyn H,Vandepitte K,Roldán-Ruiz I,Honnay O

    更新日期:2009-03-01 00:00:00

  • Identification and characterization of TcCRP1, a pollen tube attractant from Torenia concolor.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:During sexual reproduction in higher angiosperms, the pollen tubes are directed to the ovules in the pistil to deliver sperm cells. This pollen tube attraction is highly species specific, and a group of small secreted proteins, TfCRPs, are necessary for this process in Torenia fournieri. METHODS:A ...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kanaoka MM,Kawano N,Matsubara Y,Susaki D,Okuda S,Sasaki N,Higashiyama T

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Phylogeny, biogeography and ecological diversification of Sarcocornia (Salicornioideae, Amaranthaceae).

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Sarcocornia comprises about 28 species of perennial succulent halophytes distributed worldwide, mainly in saline environments of warm-temperate and subtropical regions. The genus is characterized by strongly reduced leaves and flowers, which cause taxonomic difficulties; however, species in the genu...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Steffen S,Ball P,Mucina L,Kadereit G

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • First nuclear DNA amounts in more than 300 angiosperms.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Genome size (DNA C-value) data are key biodiversity characters of fundamental significance used in a wide variety of biological fields. Since 1976, Bennett and colleagues have made scattered published and unpublished genome size data more widely accessible by assembling them into user-friendly compi...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zonneveld BJ,Leitch IJ,Bennett MD

    更新日期:2005-08-01 00:00:00

  • Pericarp growth dynamics associate with final grain weight in wheat under contrasting plant densities and increased night temperature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The pericarp weight comprises <17 % of wheat grain weight at harvest. The pericarp supports the hydration and nutrition of both the embryo and endosperm during early grain filling. However, studies of the pericarp and its association with final grain weight have been scarce. This research studied th...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Herrera J,Calderini DF

    更新日期:2020-10-30 00:00:00

  • The barley MATE gene, HvAACT1, increases citrate efflux and Al(3+) tolerance when expressed in wheat and barley.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Aluminium is toxic in acid soils because the soluble Al(3+) inhibits root growth. A mechanism of Al(3+) tolerance discovered in many plant species involves the release of organic anions from root apices. The Al(3+)-activated release of citrate from the root apices of Al(3+)-tolerant genotypes of bar...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhou G,Delhaize E,Zhou M,Ryan PR

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • Hydraulic resistance of developing Actinidia fruit.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Xylem flows into most fruits decline as the fruit develop, with important effects on mineral and carbohydrate accumulation. It has been hypothesized that an increase in xylem hydraulic resistance (RT) contributes to this process. This study examined changes in RT that occur during development of the...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mazzeo M,Dichio B,Clearwater MJ,Montanaro G,Xiloyannis C

    更新日期:2013-07-01 00:00:00

  • Buzz pollination in eight bumblebee-pollinated Pedicularis species: does it involve vibration-induced triboelectric charging of pollen grains?

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Buzz pollination involves explosive pollen release in response to vibration, usually by bees. The mechanism of pollen release is poorly understood, and it is not clear which component of vibration (acceleration, frequency, displacement or velocity) is critical; the role of buzz frequency has been pa...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Corbet SA,Huang SQ

    更新日期:2014-12-01 00:00:00

  • Does polyploidy facilitate long-distance dispersal?

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The ability of plant lineages to reach all continents contributes substantially to their evolutionary success. This is exemplified by the Poaceae, one of the most successful angiosperm families, in which most higher taxa (tribes, subfamilies) have global distributions. Due to the old age of the ocea...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Linder HP,Barker NP

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Specific peroxidases differentiate Brachypodium distachyon accessions and are associated with drought tolerance traits.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Brachypodium distachyon (Brachypodium) is a model system for studying cereal, bioenergy, forage and turf grasses. The genetic and evolutionary basis of the adaptation of this wild grass species to drought stress is largely unknown. Peroxidase (POD) may play a role in plant drought tolerance, but whe...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luo N,Yu X,Nie G,Liu J,Jiang Y

    更新日期:2016-08-01 00:00:00

  • Quantifying within-plant spatial heterogeneity in carbohydrate availability in cotton using a local-pool model.

    abstract:Background and Aims:Within-plant spatial heterogeneity in the production of and demand for assimilates may have major implications for the formation of fruits. Spatial heterogeneity is related to organ age, but also to position on the plant. This study quantifies the variation in local carbohydrate availability for the...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gu S,Zhang L,Yan Z,van der Werf W,Evers JB

    更新日期:2018-04-18 00:00:00

  • Moderate increase of mean daily temperature adversely affects fruit set of Lycopersicon esculentum by disrupting specific physiological processes in male reproductive development.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Global warming is gaining significance as a threat to natural and managed ecosystems since temperature is one of the major environmental factors affecting plant productivity. Hence, the effects of moderate temperature increase on the growth and development of the tomato plant (Lycopersicon esculentu...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sato S,Kamiyama M,Iwata T,Makita N,Furukawa H,Ikeda H

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Rhizosphere priming of two near-isogenic wheat lines varying in citrate efflux under different levels of phosphorus supply.

    abstract:BACKGROUNDS AND AIMS:The rhizosphere priming effect (RPE) has been explained from the perspective of microbial responses to root exudates and nutrient availability. This study introduced a chemical process that could also contribute to RPE: root exudates (organic acid ligands) could liberate mineral-protected carbon (C...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Xu Q,Wang X,Tang C

    更新日期:2019-11-27 00:00:00

  • Non-additive effects of pollen limitation and self-incompatibility reduce plant reproductive success and population viability.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Mating system is a primary determinant of the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of wild plant populations. Pollen limitation and loss of self-incompatibility genotypes can both act independently to reduce seed set and these effects are commonly observed in fragmented landscapes. This study used a...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young AG,Broadhurst LM,Thrall PH

    更新日期:2012-02-01 00:00:00

  • Fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of alien genes in Agrobacterium-mediated Cry1A(b)-transformed rice.

    abstract::The transgene in Agrobacterium-mediated Cry1A(b)-transgenic rice plants has been detected and its chromosomal location determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Eight of the nine transgenic lines tested showed hybridization signals. Signals were located on regions of the chromosome in which fraction len...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

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    authors: Jin WW,Li ZY,Fang Q,Altosaar I,Liu LH,Song YC

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Leaf cuticle analyses: implications for the existence of cutan/non-ester cutin and its biosynthetic origin.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The cuticle of a limited number of plant species contains cutan, a chemically highly resistant biopolymer. As yet, the biosynthesis of cutan is not fully understood. Attempting to further unravel the origin of cutan, we analysed the chemical composition of enzymatically isolated cuticular membranes ...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leide J,Nierop KGJ,Deininger AC,Staiger S,Riederer M,de Leeuw JW

    更新日期:2020-06-19 00:00:00

  • Corolla morphology influences diversification rates in bifid toadflaxes (Linaria sect. Versicolores).

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The role of flower specialization in plant speciation and evolution remains controversial. In this study the evolution of flower traits restricting access to pollinators was analysed in the bifid toadflaxes (Linaria sect. Versicolores), a monophyletic group of ~30 species and subspecies with highly ...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fernández-Mazuecos M,Blanco-Pastor JL,Gómez JM,Vargas P

    更新日期:2013-12-01 00:00:00

  • Cryptic host-specific diversity among western hemisphere broomrapes (Orobanche s.l., Orobanchaceae).

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The broomrapes, Orobanche sensu lato (Orobanchaceae), are common root parasites found across Eurasia, Africa and the Americas. All species native to the western hemisphere, recognized as Orobanche sections Gymnocaulis and Nothaphyllon, form a clade that has a centre of diversity in western North Ame...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schneider AC,Colwell AE,Schneeweiss GM,Baldwin BG

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Competition for nitrogen between Australian native grasses and the introduced weed Nassella trichotoma.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:and Aims Nassella trichotoma is an unpalatable perennial grass weed that invades disturbed native grasslands in temperate regions of south-eastern Australia. This experiment investigated whether elevated N levels, often associated with disturbance, increases the competitiveness of N. trichotoma relative to C...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Badgery WB,Kemp DR,Michalk DL,King WM

    更新日期:2005-10-01 00:00:00

  • Physiological changes in gentian axillary buds during two-step preculturing with sucrose that conferred high levels of tolerance to desiccation and cryopreservation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Induction of dehydration tolerance is a key to achieving high survival rates in cryopreservation of plant specimens. It has been reported previously that two-step preculturing with sucrose effectively increased desiccation tolerance in axillary buds of gentian (Gentiana scabra), which allow the buds...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Suzuki M,Ishikawa M,Okuda H,Noda K,Kishimoto T,Nakamura T,Ogiwara I,Shimura I,Akihama T

    更新日期:2006-06-01 00:00:00

  • Species coherence in the face of karyotype diversification in holocentric organisms: the case of a cytogenetically variable sedge (Carex scoparia, Cyperaceae).

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:The sedge genus Carex, the most diversified angiosperm genus of the northern temperate zone, is renowned for its holocentric chromosomes and karyotype variability. The genus exhibits high variation in chromosome numbers both among and within species. Despite the possibility that this chromosome evol...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Escudero M,Weber JA,Hipp AL

    更新日期:2013-08-01 00:00:00

  • The structure and development of haustorial placentas in leptosporangiate ferns provide a clear-cut distinction between euphyllophytes and lycophytes.

    abstract::This light and electron microscope study revealed that leptosporangiate ferns have highly distinctive gametophyte-sporophyte junctions characterized by sporophytic haustoria, the absence of intraplacental spaces and degenerating cells, and the early appearance of wall ingrowths in both generations. Other notable cytol...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duckett JG,Ligrone R

    更新日期:2003-10-01 00:00:00

  • What is the nature of petals in Caryophyllaceae? Developmental evidence clarifies their evolutionary origin.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Floral development is a powerful tool to infer homologies of floral organs and to understand floral evolution. Caryophyllaceae is a major family of core Caryophyllales that possesses petal-like structures (petaloids) with a great diversity in shape. The main purpose of this study is to determine the...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wei L,Craene LR

    更新日期:2019-09-24 00:00:00

  • The Quaternary evolutionary history of Bristol rock cress (Arabis scabra, Brassicaceae), a Mediterranean element with an outpost in the north-western Atlantic region.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Bristol rock cress is among the few plant species in the British Isles considered to have a Mediterranean-montane element. Spatiotemporal patterns of colonization of the British Isles since the last interglacial and after the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) from mainland Europe are underexplored and have...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Koch MA,Möbus J,Klöcker CA,Lippert S,Ruppert L,Kiefer C

    更新日期:2020-06-19 00:00:00

  • A new pollination system: brood-site pollination by flower bugs in Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae).

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) is a large genus of dioecious trees with approx. 260 species. To date, only one pollination study of the genus has reported brood-site pollination by thrips in M. hullettii. In this study, the pollination system of Macaranga tanarius is reported. METHODS:The study was cond...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ishida C,Kono M,Sakai S

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • How can we take advantage of halophyte properties to cope with heavy metal toxicity in salt-affected areas?

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Many areas throughout the world are simultaneously contaminated by high concentrations of soluble salts and by high concentrations of heavy metals that constitute a serious threat to human health. The use of plants to extract or stabilize pollutants is an interesting alternative to classical expensive decont...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Lutts S,Lefèvre I

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Interactions between exotic invasive plants and soil microbes in the rhizosphere suggest that 'everything is not everywhere'.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The study of soil biota in the context of exotic plant invasions has led to an explosion in our understanding of the ecological roles of many different groups of microbes that function in roots or at the root-soil interface. Part of this progress has been the emergence of two biogeographic patterns involving...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rout ME,Callaway RM

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Floral traits and pollination systems in the Caatinga, a Brazilian tropical dry forest.

    abstract:BACKGROUND AND AIMS:Pollination is a critical stage in plant reproduction and thus in the maintenance and evolution of species and communities. The Caatinga is the fourth largest ecosystem in Brazil, but despite its great extent and its importance few studies providing ecological information are available, with a notab...

    journal_title:Annals of botany

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Machado IC,Lopes AV

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00