Epidemiology of humeral fractures in Malawi.


:We analysed and determined retrospectively the location, age, gender and side of the body of humeral fractures from 258 antero-posterior radiographs of all patients aged 3-81 years over a 5-year period. It was observed that 160 fractures occurred on the left side while 98 were on the right side with 156 occurring in males and 102 in females. Forty-eight percent of the fractures occurred at the lower end of the humerus while 41% occurred at the mid-shaft with only 10% occurring at the upper end. Furthermore, the age group of 3-12 years had the highest incidence of fractures (40.7%) with the age group of 30-39 years the lowest incidence (6.2%). Most supracondylar fractures (75.4%) occurred in children, with teenagers accounting for the majority of mid-shaft fractures (51.9%). However, middle-aged and elderly individuals had the highest incidence of upper humeral fractures (73.1%). There was significant relationship between the site of these fractures, age, gender and body side of the patients studied (p<0.001). These results are, however, not in agreement with some previously documented studies. The importance of epidemiological study of humeral fractures in planning, training and resource management in a given population is therefore stressed.


Int Orthop


Igbigbi PS,Manda K





Has Abstract


2004-12-01 00:00:00












  • Is percutaneous kyphoplasty the better choice for minimally invasive treatment of neurologically intact osteoporotic Kümmell's disease? A comparison of two minimally invasive procedures.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to compare and evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty at a hyperextension position (PVPHP) and percutaneous kyphoplasty at a hyperextension position (PKPHP) for the treatment of osteoporotic Kümmell's disease. METHODS:This study was a retrospective, single...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang J,Fan Y,He X,Meng Y,Huang Y,Jia S,Du J,Wu Q,Hao D

    更新日期:2018-06-01 00:00:00

  • The Ponseti method of treatment for neuromuscular and syndromic (non-idiopathic) clubfeet: evaluation of a programme-based approach at a mean follow-up of 5.8 years.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To analyse the results of the Ponseti method in the treatment of non-idiopathic clubfeet and compare them with idiopathic clubfeet in a programme-based setting using a standardized protocol METHODS: We reviewed two groups of 782 children treated prospectively in our programme-based Clubfoot Clinic: group I comp...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shah A,Aroojis A,Mehta R

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • The duration of denervation and regeneration in nerve grafting. Quantitative histological assessment in the rat.

    abstract::The common peroneal nerves of 15 male rats were severed and the rats were divided into four groups: immediate grafting (I group); grafting delayed one month (IM group); grafting delayed for three months (3M group) and 5 healthy rats were used as controls (control group). All the rats were sacrificed 5 months after gra...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Miyamoto Y,Sugita T,Higaki T,Ikuta Y,Tsuge K

    更新日期:1985-01-01 00:00:00

  • Supercharging irradiated allografts with mesenchymal stem cells improves acetabular bone grafting in revision arthroplasty.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The procedure of bone allografting associated with a reinforcement device is widely used for acetabulum revision. However in absence of biologic fixation of the allograft, failure of the reconstruction may occur. We made the hypothesis that it would be possible to load these grafts with bone marrow derived mese...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hernigou P,Pariat J,Queinnec S,Homma Y,Flouzat Lachaniette CH,Chevallier N,Rouard H

    更新日期:2014-09-01 00:00:00

  • Single-bundle versus double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: an up-to-date meta-analysis.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the results of arthroscopic single-bundle and double-bundle anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS:We systematically searched electronic databases to identify randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in which arthroscopic single-bundle was compared with...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审


    authors: Li X,Xu CP,Song JQ,Jiang N,Yu B

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • The impact of standard combined anteversion definitions on gait and clinical outcome within one year after total hip arthroplasty.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Different target areas within the concept of combined cup and stem anteversion have been published for total hip arthroplasty (THA). We asked whether component positioning according to eight standard combined anteversion rules is associated with (1) more physiological gait patterns, (2) higher improvement of ga...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Weber M,Weber T,Woerner M,Craiovan B,Worlicek M,Winkler S,Grifka J,Renkawitz T

    更新日期:2015-12-01 00:00:00

  • Plasmacup--special design. Aspects of the dysplastic acetabulum.

    abstract::In Japan, the main reason for osteoarthritis of the hip joint is caused by dysplastic deformities. The implantation technique of cementless press-fit cup with multi-screw fixation and acetabular bone graft to reconstruct the true acetabular center is described. In addition, special design aspects of the BiCONTACT-N st...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dohmae Y

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • The effects of rotator cuff tear on shoulder proprioception.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate the effects of rotator cuff tear (RCT) and its severity on shoulder proprioception. METHODS:We studied 132 consecutive patients (67 M-65 F; mean age ± SD, 66.03 ± 9.04; range, 43-78) who underwent arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Tear size was determined intra-operatively. The control group includ...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gumina S,Camerota F,Celletti C,Venditto T,Candela V

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Regional and cellular localisation of BMPs and their inhibitors' expression in human fractures.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to determine whether BMP-2 and -14, noggin, and chordin could be detected in human fractures and to assess their regional and cellular distribution. The expression of these proteins was detected by immunohistochemistry in an archive of human fractures. BMP-2 and BMP-14 expression was st...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kwong FN,Hoyland JA,Evans CH,Freemont AJ

    更新日期:2009-02-01 00:00:00

  • Avascular necrosis of the femoral head: inter- and intraobserver variations of Ficat and ARCO classifications.

    abstract::Diagnosis of avascular necrosis (AVN) of the femoral head depends on the combination of clinical symptoms and evaluation of radiographs and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To evaluate the evolution of AVN, the Ficat and the Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) classification are commonly used to assess...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schmitt-Sody M,Kirchhoff C,Mayer W,Goebel M,Jansson V

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Induced membrane technique with sequential internal fixation: use of a reinforced spacer for reconstruction of infected bone defects.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To evaluate a novel sequential internal fixation strategy using a reinforced spacer for infected bone defect reconstruction by the induced membrane technique (IMT). METHODS:A retrospective case study was performed among patients treated for infected bone defects by applying this strategy. Following radical deb...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mathieu L,Tossou-Odjo L,de l'Escalopier N,Demoures T,Baus A,Brachet M,Masquelet AC

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Pathological fracture of a lumbar vertebra caused by rheumatoid arthritis--a case report.

    abstract::We describe a case of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with collapse of the L3 lumbar vertebra for which surgery was performed. The pathogenesis of lumbar lesions affected by RA is discussed and the literature reviewed. ...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nakase T,Fujiwara K,Kohno J,Owaki H,Tomita T,Yonenobu K,Ochi T

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • A new transtrochanteric approach to the hip.

    abstract::This transtrochanteric approach to the hip maintains continuity between the greater trochanter and the vastus lateralis muscle, thereby preventing the gross displacement of the greater trochanter and preserving the branches of the lateral circumflex vessels to it. The procedure offers the advantages of easy exposure a...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindgren U,Svenson O

    更新日期:1988-01-01 00:00:00

  • Free vascularised fibular grafting with OsteoSet®2 demineralised bone matrix versus autograft for large osteonecrotic lesions of the femoral head.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to compare the safety and efficacy of OsteoSet®2 DBM with autologous cancellous bone in free vascularised fibular grafting for the treatment of large osteonecrotic lesions of the femoral head. Twenty-four patients (30 hips) with large osteonecrotic lesions of the femoral head (stage IIC in si...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Feng Y,Wang S,Jin D,Sheng J,Chen S,Cheng X,Zhang C

    更新日期:2011-04-01 00:00:00

  • Cementless revision femoral stems application of press-fit principles and clinical outcomes.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cementless femoral stems are currently used in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) with the surgeon choosing between various fixation modes. The outcomes are good in the medium term; however, some failures have been attributed to technical errors during implantation. When the decision has been made to use ...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Canovas F,Putman S,Dagneaux L,Chadli L,Le Béguec P

    更新日期:2019-10-01 00:00:00

  • [Urinary concentration of cobalt and chromium in patients with a non-cemented total hip prosthesis].

    abstract::The concentrations of cobalt and chromium have been measured in the urine of 22 patients who had received uncemented hip prostheses made from cobalt, chromium and molybdenum alloy, and in 21 patients who had not received prostheses, using absorption spectrophotometry. The results were statistically analysed using the ...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Braun E,Schmitt D,Nabet F,Legras B,Coudane H,Molé D

    更新日期:1986-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correction to: Raman spectroscopy reveals differences in molecular structure between human femoral heads affected by steroid-associated and alcohol-associated osteonecrosis.

    abstract::The original publication of this paper contain an error for the first name and last name of the second author have been mixed up as "Wenliang, Z.". ...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章,已发布勘误


    authors: Nakahara E,Zhu W,Pezzotti G,Hamada H,Takao M,Sakai T,Sugano N

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of three lateral approaches in primary total hip replacement.

    abstract::Three different lateral approaches for a Charnley total hip replacement were studied in 264 operations. The transtrochanteric approach was used in 94, the Liverpool in 88 and the Hardinge in 82. The mean follow up was 2.6 years (range 2 to 3 years). The clinical result was the same in each group. Radiographs showed th...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Pai VS

    更新日期:1997-01-01 00:00:00

  • Bifurcated popliteus tendon: a descriptive arthroscopic study.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to confirm the presence and frequency of a bifurcation of the popliteus tendon. The popliteus tendon has received attention due to its important function as a knee stabiliser. Several anatomical variants have recently been reported, one of them being a bifurcated tendon. However, the ac...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Leal-Blanquet J,Ginés-Cespedosa A,Monllau JC

    更新日期:2009-12-01 00:00:00

  • Postoperative changes of early-phase inflammatory indices after uncomplicated anterior cervical discectomy and fusion using allograft and demineralised bone matrix.

    abstract:PURPOSES:We investigated sequential levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) in uncomplicated ACDF (anterior cervical discectomy and fusion) using allograft and DBM (demineralised bone matrix) for primary cervical spondylosis and/or disc herniation. To our knowledge, there has been no...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kong CG,Kim YY,Park JB

    更新日期:2012-11-01 00:00:00

  • Press-fit stability of uncemented hemispheric acetabular components: a comparison of three porous coating systems.

    abstract::Cementless acetabular components require good initial fixation to allow bony in-growth. The initial press-fit stability, important for designs that do not rely on supplemental fixation, was examined for three designs with different porous coating systems: beads, fiber mesh, and plasma spray. The ability to withstand t...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Markel DC,Hora N,Grimm M

    更新日期:2002-01-01 00:00:00

  • Pectoralis major transfer for the treatment of irreparable anterosuperior rotator cuff tears.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcome of subcoracoid pectoralis major transfer for the treatment of irreparable anterosuperior rotator cuff tears. This type of tear involves complete rupture of the subscapularis in combination with either the supraspinatus alone or the supraspinatus and infraspinatus. ...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gavriilidis I,Kircher J,Magosch P,Lichtenberg S,Habermeyer P

    更新日期:2010-06-01 00:00:00

  • Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction: the diagnostic value of MRI.

    abstract::A prospective study was carried out in order to evaluate the predictive value of MRI in the early postoperative course after cruciate ligament replacement. Twenty patients who had undergone anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction using autologous patellar tendon/bone grafts were examined clinically and with contrast...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stöckle U,Hoffmann R,Schwedke J,Lubrich J,Vogl T,Südkamp NP,Haas N

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • Design, operative technique and ten-year results of the Hermes™ patellofemoral arthroplasty.

    abstract:PURPOSE:Recently, increased interest has developed for patellofemoral arthroplasty as treatment for isolated patellofemoral arthritis. However, there are very few reports of the experience with the modern generation of patellofemoral arthroplasties. The new patellofemoral arthroplasty Hermes design is described. The de...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hernigou P,Caton J

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Congenital longitudinal deficiency of the tibia.

    abstract::We performed a clinical and radiographic review of 15 patients (19 limbs) with longitudinal deficiency of the tibia treated between 1981 and 2001. Ten limbs with Kalamchi type I deficiencies were managed by through-knee amputation. Five type II deficiencies were treated by foot ablation and tibiofibular synostosis, ei...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Spiegel DA,Loder RT,Crandall RC

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Complications of definitive open reduction and internal fixation of pilon fractures of the distal tibia.

    abstract::A series of 49 pilon fractures in a tertiary referral centre treated definitively by open reduction and internal fixation have been assessed and the complications of such injuries examined. A retrospective analysis of case notes, radiographs and computerised tomographs over a seven-year period from 1999-2006 was perfo...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McCann PA,Jackson M,Mitchell ST,Atkins RM

    更新日期:2011-03-01 00:00:00

  • A case of severe scoliosis associated with cerebral palsy showing remarkable improvement following soft tissue release around the hip and axilla and transfer of m. tensor fasciae latae to the ribs.

    abstract::A 21 year old Japanese male of normal intelligence with severe athetosis, scoliosis with pelvic obliquity, and a positive Galant's reflex was seen with complaint of difficulty in maintaining a sitting posture. After release of the soft tissues around the hip and axilla, followed by physiotherapy, he underwent ipsilate...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Terazawa K,Nasu M,Takata H,Watanabe T,Hayashi T

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Incidence and preventability of adverse events in an orthopaedic unit: a prospective analysis of four thousand, nine hundred and six admissions.

    abstract:PURPOSE:We aimed to identify the incidence and preventability rate of adverse events (AEs) occurring in a specialty orthopaedic unit. METHODS:Four thousand nine hundred and six consecutive in-patient admissions over six months in an orthopaedic unit were prospectively analysed. The total indoor patient capacity was se...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rajasekaran S,Ravi S,Aiyer SN

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Functional limitations after lateral column lengthening osteotomy of the calcaneus are associated with lower quality of life.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to quantify limitations in sagittal ankle range of motion (ROM) at least two years after lateral column lengthening osteotomy of the calcaneus (LLC) and their implications regarding quality of life. METHODS:Fifteen patients with a mean follow-up of 80 ± 27 months after LLC and 15 ...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nüesch C,Schmid AK,Byrnes SK,Krenn P,Horisberger M,Mündermann A,Leumann A

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • Comparing the performance of different open injury scores in predicting salvage and amputation in type IIIB open tibia fractures.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Various open injury scores have been devised to aid the difficult decision of salvage or amputation following open fractures of the lower limb. Our aim of the study was to compare the performance of mangled extremity severity score (MESS), limb salvage index (LSI), orthopaedic trauma association-open fractur...

    journal_title:International orthopaedics

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gupta A,Parikh S,Rajasekaran RB,Dheenadhayalan J,Devendra A,Rajasekaran S

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00