HIV infection and high-risk behaviors in opioid dependent patients: the Indian context.


:Various risk behaviors promote the spread of HIV in drug addicts. Reflecting the substantial regional and geographic differences in the impact of HIV, its prevalence rates vary from country to country. In view of increasing reports of injection drug-uses (IDUs) from different parts of India, the study was aimed to examine and investigate the difference in prevalence rates of seropositivity between IDUs and non-IDUs in patients of drug dependence and to compare the pattern of risk behaviors due to sexual and drug use practice in IDUs and non-IDUs. A high HIV seroprevalence of 8.3% between IDUs and 1.8% in non-IDUs was found. The study findings suggest a trend towards drug-related risks being higher than sex-related risks in IDUs.


Addict Behav


Addictive behaviors


Vaswani M,Desai NG





Has Abstract


2004-11-01 00:00:00














  • On the regularity of smoking.

    abstract::The purpose of this paper is to provide fundamental information about individual subject smoking behavior when the behavior is characterized as an event time-series. Each subject's smoking series revealed a characteristic inter-cigarette interval frequency distribution but there was little evidence of sequential depen...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ray RL,Emurian HH,Brady JV,Nellis MJ

    更新日期:1982-01-01 00:00:00

  • Gene-environment interplay and the importance of self-control in predicting polydrug use and substance-related problems.

    abstract::Using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (Add Health), the current study applies a general biosocial theoretical model to polydrug use and associated substance-related problems. Along with measures of molecular genetic polymorphisms, neurocognitive skills, self-control, and environmental pathogens a ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Vaughn MG,Beaver KM,DeLisi M,Perron BE,Schelbe L

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Young adult waterpipe smokers: Smoking behaviors and associated subjective and physiological effects.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The purpose of this pilot study was to investigate smoking behaviors and subjective and physiological effects of nicotine on young adult occasional waterpipe smokers. METHODS:This study utilized a repeated-measures design that included one repeated factor for condition (nicotine and non-nicotine). For eac...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shishani K,Howell D,McPherson S,Roll J

    更新日期:2014-06-01 00:00:00

  • Cross-cultural invalidity of alcohol dependence measurement across Hispanics and Caucasians in 2001 and 2002.

    abstract:AIMS:Do assessments of alcohol dependence demonstrate similarly validity across Hispanics and non-Hispanic Caucasians? This investigation examined this question. METHOD:It employed confirmatory factor analyses for ordered-categorical measures to search for measurement bias on the AUDADIS, a standardized measure of alc...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Carle AC

    更新日期:2009-01-01 00:00:00

  • Excuses to continue smoking: the role of disengagement beliefs in smoking cessation.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of disengagement beliefs in smoking cessation. The association of disengagement beliefs with forward transition through the transtheoretical stages of change and self-reported quitting were examined, with and without adjusting for processes of change. ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kleinjan M,van den Eijnden RJ,Dijkstra A,Brug J,Engels RC

    更新日期:2006-12-01 00:00:00

  • Minimal interventions for weight control: a cost-effective alternative.

    abstract::Two studies were conducted to evaluate simpler, less intensive interventions for weight control which presumably would be more cost-effective and efficient than a "full-length" behavioral treatment program. In Study 1, participants in a minimal intervention (MI1) program who attended no regularly scheduled meetings an...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Black DR,Coe WC,Friesen JG,Wurzmann AG

    更新日期:1984-01-01 00:00:00

  • Improving treatment outcomes for pregnant drug-dependent women using low-magnitude voucher incentives.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of low-magnitude behavioral incentives in improving attendance for abstinence-treated patients and sustaining illicit-drug abstinence for methadone-treated patients. Subjects were randomly assigned to either incentive or control conditions, with target behaviors d...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jones HE,Haug NA,Stitzer ML,Svikis DS

    更新日期:2000-03-01 00:00:00

  • Marijuana and tobacco exposure predict affect-regulation expectancies in dual users.

    abstract::In order to better compare affect-related expectancies for tobacco and marijuana smoking, associations of marijuana and tobacco exposure to negative affect reduction (NAR), positive affect enhancement (PAE), and related smoking outcome expectancies were assessed in young individuals who reported smoking both marijuana...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martens KM,Gilbert DG

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Cocaine use associated with increased suicidal behavior in depressed alcoholics.

    abstract::The aim of this study was to determine whether depressed alcoholics who used cocaine would display a higher prevalence of suicidal behavior and suicidal ideation than depressed alcoholics who did not use cocaine. Forty-one depressed alcoholics participated in this prospective study of consecutively admitted inpatients...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cornelius JR,Thase ME,Salloum IM,Cornelius MD,Black A,Mann JJ

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • The epidemiology of prescription fentanyl misuse in the United States.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:US opioid overdose deaths continue to climb, with a 12.0% increase from 2016 to 2017. Fentanyl, a synthetic opioid, has been a major contributor to opioid-related overdose deaths. While fentanyl-related overdose is driven by illicit fentanyl, little is known about individuals who misuse prescription fentanyl...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schepis TS,McCabe VV,Boyd CJ,McCabe SE

    更新日期:2019-09-01 00:00:00

  • The association between alcohol use and long-term care placement among older Canadians: a 14-year population-based study.

    abstract::Studies have shown that moderate alcohol use confers protection against some of the dominant predictors of long-term care placement, including diminished cognitive functioning, physical disability, and injury. But little is known about the association between alcohol use and the likelihood of placement in long-term ca...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaplan MS,Huguet N,Feeny D,McFarland BH,Caetano R,Bernier J,Giesbrecht N,Oliver L,Ramage-Morin P,Ross NA

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • A comparison of four self-report smoking cessation outcome measures.

    abstract::Interventions for smoking cessation have been developed by researchers in a number of distinct disciplines. As a result, a variety of different outcome measures have been developed and employed. This paper will report an analysis that compares four smoking cessation outcome measures on data gathered from three populat...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Velicer WF,Prochaska JO

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Exposure to tobacco websites: Associations with cigarette and e-cigarette use and susceptibility among adolescents.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Exposure to tobacco advertising is a risk factor for tobacco use and susceptibility among adolescents. Although tobacco company websites are ostensibly targeted to adults, some youth access these websites and are exposed to tobacco-related content. METHODS:This study analyzed data from the Population Asse...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unger JB,Bartsch L

    更新日期:2018-03-01 00:00:00

  • The use of token economy to reduce illicit drug use among methadone maintenance clients.

    abstract::The effects of a token economy in modifying the illicit polydrug use of 97 methadone maintenance clients was investigated over a period of two and a half years. Subjects' drug-free urinalysis reports were reinforced with points which could be redeemed to obtain methadone. Each subject's daily dose level varied with th...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glosser DS

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking cessation efforts among substance abusers with and without psychiatric comorbidity.

    abstract::Little is known about the natural course of smoking behaviors following substance use treatment, particularly among individuals with comorbid substance use and psychiatric disorders. This study examined smoking cessation efforts among 120 substance abusers with and without psychiatric comorbidity. Participants complet...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unrod M,Cook T,Myers MG,Brown SA

    更新日期:2004-07-01 00:00:00

  • Interpersonal conflict tactics and substance use among high-risk adolescents.

    abstract::Adolescents who use aggressive tactics to handle interpersonal conflicts may be at high risk for substance use, while adolescents who possess coping strategies to avoid or manage interpersonal conflict may be at lower risk for substance use. This study examined the association between interpersonal conflict tactics an...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Unger JB,Sussman S,Dent CW

    更新日期:2003-07-01 00:00:00

  • Patterns of use, sequence of onsets and correlates of tobacco and cannabis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:While most individuals initiate their use of tobacco prior to onset of cannabis use, recent reports have identified a smaller subset of youth who report onset of cannabis use prior to tobacco use. In this study, we characterize patterns of cannabis and tobacco use (tobacco but not cannabis, cannabis but not ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agrawal A,Scherrer JF,Lynskey MT,Sartor CE,Grant JD,Haber JR,Madden PA,Jacob T,Bucholz KK,Xian H

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • The influence of personality, cognition, and behavior on perceptions and metaperceptions following alcoholic beverage selection in a dating situation.

    abstract::This study was designed to investigate perceptions and metaperceptions of individuals in a mixed sex dating situation in which they were offered alcohol. Male and female participants who were unfamiliar with one another were brought together in individual sessions and asked to imagine that they were on a blind date. A...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Corcoran KJ

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Is self-compassion negatively associated with alcohol and marijuana-related problems via coping motives?

    abstract::Alcohol and marijuana misuse is prevalent on many university campuses, with high rates of undergraduate students reporting experiencing alcohol and/or marijuana-related problems, which have been consistently associated with coping-motivated use. While previous studies have found dispositional mindfulness to be negativ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wisener M,Khoury B

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Potential mediators, moderators, or independent effects in the relationship between parents' former and current cigarette use and their children's cigarette use.

    abstract::Research consistently has shown that cigarette use by adolescents is related to their parents' use and to particular characteristics of the family environment, but few studies have examined the linkages between parents' smoking behavior and other family characteristics to explain adolescents' smoking. In this study, w...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Bailey SL,Ennett ST,Ringwalt CL

    更新日期:1993-11-01 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of recent illicit substance use and reporting bias among MSM and other urban males.

    abstract::This paper explores whether elevated rates of self-reported substance use among MSM compared to other males may be an artifact of reporting bias. Past month prevalence rates of marijuana, cocaine, heroin, methamphetamine, Ecstasy, and Ketamine use were compared between a sample of men who have sex with men (MSM), and ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mackesy-Amiti ME,Fendrich M,Johnson TP

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Predictors of relapse among smokers: transtheoretical effort variables, demographics, and smoking severity.

    abstract::The present longitudinal study investigates baseline assessments of static and dynamic variables, including demographic characteristics, smoking severity, and Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change (TTM) effort variables (Decisional Balance (i.e. Pros and Cons), Situational Temptations, and Processes of Change) of ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gökbayrak NS,Paiva AL,Blissmer BJ,Prochaska JO

    更新日期:2015-03-01 00:00:00

  • Fluctuations in progesterone moderate the relationship between daily mood and alcohol use in young adult women.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Research has demonstrated associations between hormonal fluctuations during the menstrual cycle and women's alcohol use. This association has been explained by mood changes that, for some women, accompany decreasing levels of progesterone during the menstrual cycle, particularly during the late luteal/premen...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holzhauer CG,Wemm SE,Wulfert E,Cao ZT

    更新日期:2020-02-01 00:00:00

  • Anxiety sensitivity: relationship to negative affect smoking and smoking cessation in smokers with past major depressive disorder.

    abstract::The present study evaluated whether anxiety sensitivity (AS) was related to negative reinforcement smoking motives and increased risk of relapse during the early stages of a quit attempt. Specifically, the role of AS was evaluated in 60 smokers with past major depressive disorder (MDD) during smoking cessation. Consis...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown RA,Kahler CW,Zvolensky MJ,Lejuez CW,Ramsey SE

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • Redefining success in eating disorders.

    abstract::Currently our definitions of treatment success for obesity and eating disorders are too simplistic and narrow in scope. More varied treatment outcome targets include body-related measures, medical health variables, exercise and eating habits, psychological health factors, body image, and quality of life measures. A ne...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Miller PM

    更新日期:1996-11-01 00:00:00

  • Computer-based programmes for the prevention and management of illicit recreational drug use: a systematic review.

    abstract::The last few decades have seen increasing use of computer-based programmes to address illicit recreational drug use but knowledge about their effectiveness is limited. We conducted a systematic review to examine evidence on these programmes. Eight electronic databases were searched to identify primary research studies...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wood SK,Eckley L,Hughes K,Hardcastle KA,Bellis MA,Schrooten J,Demetrovics Z,Voorham L

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Maternal risk taking on the balloon analogue risk task as a prospective predictor of youth alcohol use escalation.

    abstract::The transition from late childhood through middle adolescence represents a critical developmental period during which there is a rapid increase in the initiation and escalation of alcohol use. Alcohol use is part of a constellation of risk taking behaviors that increase during this developmental transition, which can ...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Banducci AN,Felton JW,Dahne J,Ninnemann A,Lejuez CW

    更新日期:2015-10-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of messages about scientific uncertainty on risk perceptions and intentions to use electronic vaping products.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The science surrounding e-cigarettes and other electronic vaping products (EVPs) is rapidly evolving, and the health effects of vaping are unclear. Little research has explored how individuals respond to information acknowledging scientific uncertainty. The aim of the present study was to understand the impa...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pepper JK,Squiers LB,Peinado SC,Bann CM,Dolina SD,Lynch MM,Nonnemaker JM,McCormack LA

    更新日期:2019-04-01 00:00:00

  • Using the bioecological model to predict risk perception of marijuana use and reported marijuana use in adolescence.

    abstract:PURPOSE:The purpose of the study was to investigate the ability of the Bioecological Model (BEM) to predict adolescents' risk perception (RP) of marijuana use and reported marijuana use. The secondary aim of the study was to investigate the extent to which the BEM influenced adolescents' decision-making regarding marij...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fleary SA,Heffer RW,McKyer EL,Newman DA

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood sexual abuse and two stages of cigarette smoking in African-American and European-American young women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of the current study was to determine whether the higher rates of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) but lower rates of cigarette smoking in African-American vs. European-American women can be explained in part by a lower magnitude of association between CSA and smoking in African-American women. METHODS:D...

    journal_title:Addictive behaviors

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sartor CE,Grant JD,Duncan AE,McCutcheon VV,Nelson EC,Calvert WJ,Madden PA,Heath AC,Bucholz KK

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00