Identifying Evidence-Informed Physical Activity Apps: Content Analysis.


BACKGROUND:Regular moderate to vigorous physical activity is essential for maintaining health and preventing the onset of chronic diseases. Both global rates of smartphone ownership and the market for physical activity and fitness apps have grown rapidly in recent years. The use of physical activity and fitness apps may assist the general population in reaching evidence-based physical activity recommendations. However, it remains unclear whether there are evidence-informed physical activity apps and whether behavior change techniques (BCTs) previously identified as effective for physical activity promotion are used in these apps. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to identify English and German evidence-informed physical activity apps and BCT employment in those apps. METHODS:We identified apps in a systematic search using 25 predefined search terms in the Google Play Store. Two reviewers independently screened the descriptions of apps and screenshots applying predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Apps were included if (1) their description contained information about physical activity promotion; (2) they were in English or German; (3) physical activity recommendations of the World Health Organization or the American College of Sports Medicine were mentioned; and (4) any kind of objective physical activity measurement was included. Two researchers downloaded and tested apps matching the inclusion criteria for 2 weeks and coded their content using the Behavioral Change Technique Taxonomy v1 (BCTTv1). RESULTS:The initial screening in the Google Play Store yielded 6018 apps, 4108 of which were not focused on physical activity and were not in German or English. The descriptions of 1216 apps were further screened for eligibility. Duplicate apps and light versions (n=694) and those with no objective measurement of physical activity, requiring additional equipment, or not outlining any physical activity guideline in their description (n=1184) were excluded. Of the remaining 32 apps, 4 were no longer available at the time of the download. Hence, 28 apps were downloaded and tested; of these apps, 14 did not contain any physical activity guideline as an app feature, despite mentioning it in the description, 5 had technical problems, and 3 did not provide objective physical activity measurement. Thus, 6 were included in the final analyses. Of 93 individual BCTs of the BCTTv1, on average, 9 (SD 5) were identified in these apps. Of 16 hierarchical clusters, on average, 5 (SD 3) were addressed. Only BCTs of the 2 hierarchical clusters "goals and planning" and "feedback and monitoring" were identified in all apps. CONCLUSIONS:Despite the availability of several thousand physical activity and fitness apps for Android platforms, very few addressed evidence-based physical activity guidelines and provided objective physical activity measurement. Furthermore, available descriptions did not accurately reflect the app content and only a few evidence-informed physical activity apps incorporated several BCTs. Future apps should address evidence-based physical activity guidelines and a greater scope of BCTs to further increase their potential impact for physical activity promotion.


JMIR Mhealth Uhealth


JMIR mHealth and uHealth


Kebede M,Steenbock B,Helmer SM,Sill J,Möllers T,Pischke CR




Has Abstract


2018-12-18 00:00:00












  • Wearables in the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic: What Are They Good for?

    abstract::Recently, companies such as Apple Inc, Fitbit Inc, and Garmin Ltd have released new wearable blood oxygenation measurement technologies. Although the release of these technologies has great potential for generating health-related information, it is important to acknowledge the repercussions of consumer-targeted biomet...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bent B,Dunn JP

    更新日期:2020-12-22 00:00:00

  • Adherence to a Mindfulness and Relaxation Self-Care App for Cancer Patients: Mixed-Methods Feasibility Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Cancer is highly prevalent worldwide and can cause high levels of distress in patients, which is often neglected in medical care. Smartphone apps are readily available and therefore seem promising to deliver distress-reducing interventions such as mindfulness and relaxation programs. OBJECTIVE:This study ai...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mikolasek M,Witt CM,Barth J

    更新日期:2018-12-06 00:00:00

  • Engaging Users in the Behavior Change Process With Digitalized Motivational Interviewing and Gamification: Development and Feasibility Testing of the Precious App.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Most adults do not engage in sufficient physical activity to maintain good health. Smartphone apps are increasingly used to support physical activity but typically focus on tracking behaviors with no support for the complex process of behavior change. Tracking features do not engage all users, and apps could...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nurmi J,Knittle K,Ginchev T,Khattak F,Helf C,Zwickl P,Castellano-Tejedor C,Lusilla-Palacios P,Costa-Requena J,Ravaja N,Haukkala A

    更新日期:2020-01-30 00:00:00

  • Indoor and outdoor social alarms: understanding users' perspectives.

    abstract::The elderly population is increasing and there is a need to provide care and safety at a high level with limited resources. New social alarm solutions may contribute to safety and independence for many elderly. However, it is important to understand the needs within the user group. This work studied social alarms in a...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sjölinder M,Avatare Nöu A

    更新日期:2014-03-07 00:00:00

  • Image-Based Mobile System for Dietary Management in an American Cardiology Population: Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial to Assess the Efficacy of Dietary Coaching Delivered via a Smartphone App Versus Traditional Counseling.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Randomized controlled trials conducted in Mediterranean countries have shown that the Mediterranean diet lowers adverse cardiovascular events. In the American population, diet remains the biggest uncontrolled risk factor for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to test the hypothesis that asyn...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Choi BG,Dhawan T,Metzger K,Marshall L,Akbar A,Jain T,Young HA,Katz RJ

    更新日期:2019-04-23 00:00:00

  • Effects of Mobile Health Including Wearable Activity Trackers to Increase Physical Activity Outcomes Among Healthy Children and Adolescents: Systematic Review.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Children and adolescents do not meet the current recommendations on physical activity (PA), and as such, the health-related benefits of regular PA are not achieved. Nowadays, technology-based programs represent an appealing and promising option for children and adolescents to promote PA. OBJECTIVE:The aim o...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Böhm B,Karwiese SD,Böhm H,Oberhoffer R

    更新日期:2019-04-30 00:00:00

  • Explaining Differences in the Acceptability of 99DOTS, a Cell Phone-Based Strategy for Monitoring Adherence to Tuberculosis Medications: Qualitative Study of Patients and Health Care Providers.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:99DOTS is a cell phone-based strategy for monitoring tuberculosis (TB) medication adherence that has been rolled out to more than 150,000 patients in India's public health sector. A considerable proportion of patients stop using 99DOTS during therapy. OBJECTIVE:This study aims to understand reasons for vari...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thomas BE,Kumar JV,Onongaya C,Bhatt SN,Galivanche A,Periyasamy M,Chiranjeevi M,Khandewale AS,Ramachandran G,Shah D,Haberer JE,Mayer KH,Subbaraman R

    更新日期:2020-07-31 00:00:00

  • mHealth Technology Use and Implications in Historically Underserved and Minority Populations in the United States: Systematic Literature Review.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The proportion of people in the United States who are members of at least two ethnic groups is projected to increase to 10% by the year 2050. This makes addressing health disparities and health inequities in minority populations increasingly more difficult. Minority populations, including those who classify ...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Anderson-Lewis C,Darville G,Mercado RE,Howell S,Di Maggio S

    更新日期:2018-06-18 00:00:00

  • The Remote Food Photography Method and SmartIntake App for the Assessment of Alcohol Use in Young Adults: Feasibility Study and Comparison to Standard Assessment Methodology.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Heavy drinking is prevalent among young adults and may contribute to obesity. However, measurement tools for assessing caloric intake from alcohol are limited and rely on self-report, which is prone to bias. OBJECTIVE:The purpose of our study was to conduct feasibility testing of the Remote Food Photography...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fazzino TL,Martin CK,Forbush K

    更新日期:2018-09-24 00:00:00

  • Analysis of Requirements for Developing an mHealth-Based Health Management Platform.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Studies have consistently shown that mobile and Web-based apps have positive impacts on people's daily lifestyles, health management, and disease treatment. As the development of medical and health informatization in China has evolved, different kinds of mobile-based apps for individuals and hospitals have b...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang H,Zhang H,Wang X,Yang Z,Zhao Y

    更新日期:2017-08-03 00:00:00

  • Design Considerations in Development of a Mobile Health Intervention Program: The TEXT ME and TEXTMEDS Experience.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Mobile health (mHealth) has huge potential to deliver preventative health services. However, there is paucity of literature on theoretical constructs, technical, practical, and regulatory considerations that enable delivery of such services. OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study was to outline the key cons...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thakkar J,Barry T,Thiagalingam A,Redfern J,McEwan AL,Rodgers A,Chow CK

    更新日期:2016-11-15 00:00:00

  • Physical Activity Assessment Using an Activity Tracker in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis and Axial Spondyloarthritis: Prospective Observational Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Physical activity can be tracked using mobile devices and is recommended in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) management. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends at least 150 min per week of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). OBJECTIVE:The objectives of this st...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jacquemin C,Servy H,Molto A,Sellam J,Foltz V,Gandjbakhch F,Hudry C,Mitrovic S,Fautrel B,Gossec L

    更新日期:2018-01-02 00:00:00

  • A Smartphone-Based Health Care Chatbot to Promote Self-Management of Chronic Pain (SELMA): Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Ongoing pain is one of the most common diseases and has major physical, psychological, social, and economic impacts. A mobile health intervention utilizing a fully automated text-based health care chatbot (TBHC) may offer an innovative way not only to deliver coping strategies and psychoeducation for pain ma...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hauser-Ulrich S,Künzli H,Meier-Peterhans D,Kowatsch T

    更新日期:2020-04-03 00:00:00

  • Characteristics of Adopters of an Online Social Networking Physical Activity Mobile Phone App: Cluster Analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:To date, many online health behavior programs developed by researchers have not been translated at scale. To inform translational efforts, health researchers must work with marketing experts to design cost-effective marketing campaigns. It is important to understand the characteristics of end users of a give...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sanders I,Short CE,Bogomolova S,Stanford T,Plotnikoff R,Vandelanotte C,Olds T,Edney S,Ryan J,Curtis RG,Maher C

    更新日期:2019-06-03 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the MoMba Live Long Remote Smoking Detection System During and After Pregnancy: Development and Usability Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The smoking relapse rate during the first 12 months after pregnancy is around 80% in the United States. Delivering remote smoking cessation interventions to women in the postpartum period can reduce the burden associated with frequent office visits and can enable remote communication and support. Developing ...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Valencia S,Callinan L,Shic F,Smith M

    更新日期:2020-11-24 00:00:00

  • Perceptions About Mindfulness and Text Messaging for Smoking Cessation in Vietnam: Results From a Qualitative Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:With 15.6 million smokers, Vietnam is one of the top 10 largest cigarette-consuming countries in the world. Unfortunately, smoking cessation programs are still scarce in Vietnam. Mindfulness-based and text messaging-based interventions have been increasingly used in smoking cessation studies in developed cou...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Do VV,Spears CA,Van Minh H,Huang J,Redmon PB,Xuan Long N,Eriksen MP

    更新日期:2020-06-24 00:00:00

  • An Electronic Teaching Module for Improving Knowledge of Self-Management of Vaso-Occlusive Pain Crises in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease: Pilot Questionnaire Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:For patients with sickle cell disease (SCD), effective management of vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs) is integral to provision of care, as nearly all affected individuals will suffer from VOCs in their lifetime. A recent systematic review of technological interventions to improve self-management in the care of S...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tam T,Baer MR,Hsu LL,Law JY

    更新日期:2019-06-20 00:00:00

  • mActive-Smoke: A Prospective Observational Study Using Mobile Health Tools to Assess the Association of Physical Activity With Smoking Urges.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Evidence that physical activity can curb smoking urges is limited in scope to acute effects and largely reliant on retrospective self-reported measures. Mobile health technologies offer novel mechanisms for capturing real-time data of behaviors in the natural environment. OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to explo...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Silverman-Lloyd LG,Kianoush S,Blaha MJ,Sabina AB,Graham GN,Martin SS

    更新日期:2018-05-11 00:00:00

  • Analysis of Digital Documentation Speed and Sequence Using Digital Paper and Pen Technology During the Refugee Crisis in Europe: Content Analysis.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The Syria crisis has forced more than 4 million people to leave their homeland. As a result, in 2016, an overwhelming number of refugees reached Germany. In response to this, it was of utmost importance to set up refugee camps and to provide humanitarian aid, but a health surveillance system was also impleme...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kehe K,Girgensohn R,Swoboda W,Bieler D,Franke A,Helm M,Kulla M,Luepke K,Morwinsky T,Blätzinger M,Rossmann K

    更新日期:2019-08-19 00:00:00

  • Concussion Assessment With Smartglasses: Validation Study of Balance Measurement Toward a Lightweight, Multimodal, Field-Ready Platform.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Lightweight and portable devices that objectively measure concussion-related impairments could improve injury detection and critical decision-making in contact sports and the military, where brain injuries commonly occur but remain underreported. Current standard assessments often rely heavily on subjective ...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Salisbury JP,Keshav NU,Sossong AD,Sahin NT

    更新日期:2018-01-23 00:00:00

  • Content Analysis of Smartphone Apps for Smoking Cessation in China: Empirical Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:With 360 million smokers, China consumes more cigarettes than any other country in the world. Given that 620 million Chinese own smartphones, smartphone apps for smoking cessation are increasingly used in China to help smokers quit. OBJECTIVE:This study analyzed and evaluated the contents of all smoking ces...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheng F,Xu J,Su C,Fu X,Bricker J

    更新日期:2017-07-11 00:00:00

  • Qualitative feedback from a text messaging intervention for depression: benefits, drawbacks, and cultural differences.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Mobile health interventions are often standardized and assumed to work the same for all users; however, we may be missing cultural differences in the experiences of interventions that may impact how and if an intervention is effective. OBJECTIVE:The objective of the study was to assess qualitative feedback ...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aguilera A,Berridge C

    更新日期:2014-11-05 00:00:00

  • Women Using Mobile Phones for Health Communication Are More Likely to Use Prenatal and Postnatal Services in Bangladesh: Cross-Sectional Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The public health system in Bangladesh has been struggling to provide coverage and utilization of basic maternal health care services in pursuit of achieving maternal and child mortality-related goals. Interestingly, the rapid popularization of mobile technology in the country is transforming the landscape o...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tang S,Ghose B,Hoque MR,Hao G,Yaya S

    更新日期:2019-02-28 00:00:00

  • Effect of a Mobile App for the Pharmacotherapeutic Follow-Up of Patients With Cancer on Their Health Outcomes: Quasi-Experimental Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Oral antineoplastic agents (OAAs) have revolutionized cancer management. However, they have been reported with adverse side effects and drug-drug interactions. Moreover, patient adherence to OAA treatment is critical. Mobile apps can enable remote and real-time pharmacotherapeutic monitoring of patients, whi...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collado-Borrell R,Escudero-Vilaplana V,Ribed A,Gonzalez-Anleo C,Martin-Conde M,Romero-Jimenez R,Iglesias-Peinado I,Herranz-Alonso A,Sanjurjo-Saez M

    更新日期:2020-10-16 00:00:00

  • A Self-Help App for Syrian Refugees With Posttraumatic Stress (Sanadak): Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Syrian refugees residing in Germany often develop posttraumatic stress as a result of the Syrian civil war, their escape, and postmigration stressors. At the same time, there is a lack of adequate treatment options. The smartphone-based app Sanadak was developed to provide cognitive behavioral therapy-based ...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Röhr S,Jung FU,Pabst A,Grochtdreis T,Dams J,Nagl M,Renner A,Hoffmann R,König HH,Kersting A,Riedel-Heller SG

    更新日期:2021-01-13 00:00:00

  • An mHealth Pain Coping Skills Training Intervention for Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation Patients: Development and Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pain is a challenge for patients following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HCT). OBJECTIVE:This study aimed to develop and test the feasibility, acceptability, and initial efficacy of a Web-based mobile pain coping skills training (mPCST) protocol designed to address the needs of HCT patients. MET...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Somers TJ,Kelleher SA,Dorfman CS,Shelby RA,Fisher HM,Rowe Nichols K,Sullivan KM,Chao NJ,Samsa GP,Abernethy AP,Keefe FJ

    更新日期:2018-03-19 00:00:00

  • Veterans' Attitudes Toward Smartphone App Use for Mental Health Care: Qualitative Study of Rurality and Age Differences.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Mental health smartphone apps provide support, skills, and symptom tracking on demand and come at minimal to no additional cost to patients. Although the Department of Veterans Affairs has established itself as a national leader in the creation of mental health apps, veterans' attitudes regarding the use of ...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Connolly SL,Miller CJ,Koenig CJ,Zamora KA,Wright PB,Stanley RL,Pyne JM

    更新日期:2018-08-22 00:00:00

  • The Swedish Web Version of the Quality of Recovery Scale Adapted for Use in a Mobile App: Prospective Psychometric Evaluation Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The 40-item Quality of Recovery (QoR-40) questionnaire is well validated for measuring self-assessed postoperative recovery. The Swedish version of the 40-item Quality of Recovery (QoR-40) has been developed into a Web-based questionnaire, the Swedish Web version of the Quality of Recovery (SwQoR) questionna...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nilsson U,Dahlberg K,Jaensson M

    更新日期:2017-12-03 00:00:00

  • Customizing the Types of Technologies Used by Patients With Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus for Diabetes Treatment: Case Series on Patient Experience.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Despite the fact there are many wearable and mobile medical devices that enable patients to better self-manage their diabetes, not many patients are aware of all the options they have. In addition, there are those who are not fully satisfied with the devices they use, and those who often do not use them effe...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Holubová A,Vlasáková M,Mužík J,Brož J

    更新日期:2019-07-09 00:00:00

  • Ecological Momentary Assessment Within a Digital Health Intervention for Reminiscence in Persons With Dementia and Caregivers: User Engagement Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:User-interaction event logs provide rich and large data sets that can provide valuable insights into how people engage with technology. Approaches such as ecological momentary assessment (EMA) can be used to gather accurate real-time data in an individual's natural environment by asking questions at any give...

    journal_title:JMIR mHealth and uHealth

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Potts C,Bond R,Ryan A,Mulvenna M,McCauley C,Laird E,Goode D

    更新日期:2020-07-06 00:00:00