An evaluation of the mechanical failure modalities of a rotating hinge knee prosthesis.

Abstract:

:The clinical and metallurgical performance of 12 retrieved Noiles total knee prostheses was investigated. Clinical histories and serial roentgenograms were used in conjunction with the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standard implant retrieval and analysis techniques to assess device performance. All of the devices were removed because of implant loosening with pain, while two devices also had a late infection. The average time in situ for all devices was four years. Roentgenographically, all of the devices showed signs of progressive radiolucencies. Ten (83%) of the devices migrated proximally within the femur. A marked varus drift was observed in eight (67%) of the retrieved prostheses. Hypertrophy of the femoral cortex was observed in eight (67%) of the cases. Seventy-three percent of the polyethylene tibial stems exhibited extensive wear on the anterior and medial aspects of the articulating surface. Extensive wear was also seen on the anterior and extreme posterior aspects in 92% of the polyethylene tibial plateau bearings. This wear was a consequence of the migration of the femoral component leading to buttressing of the plastic components against bone or bone cement. This study indicates serious design flaws in the Noiles knee prosthesis that unless corrected would question the use of the device in either primary or revision knee surgery.

journal_name

Clin Orthop Relat Res

authors

Kester MA,Cook SD,Harding AF,Rodriguez RP,Pipkin CS

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1988-03-01 00:00:00

pages

156-63

issue

228

eissn

0009-921X

issn

1528-1132

pub_type

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