Infiltration of epinephrine in reduction mammaplasty: a systematic review of the literature.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:Evidence of the benefit of dilute epinephrine infiltration before reduction mammaplasty is provided by several controlled trials. Despite variation in operative technique and data collection, a reduction in intraoperative blood loss has been shown. The aim of this review of the literature is to weigh the available evidence with respect to reducing blood loss during surgery and other outcome measures such as postoperative drainage. METHODS:Two researchers independently selected articles for review, and data were extracted from each primary article and used for statistical and descriptive comparisons. RESULTS:A meta-analysis of operative blood loss showed a highly significant drop in operative blood loss in breasts infiltrated with epinephrine and a reduction in the need for blood transfusion. Operative time, postoperative drainage, and complications were not significantly affected by epinephrine infiltration. CONCLUSION:The authors' recommendation would be for the use of dilute epinephrine infiltration before reduction mammaplasty.

journal_name

Plast Reconstr Surg

authors

Hardwicke JT,Jordan RW,Skillman JM

doi

10.1097/PRS.0b013e318262f085

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2012-10-01 00:00:00

pages

773-778

issue

4

eissn

0032-1052

issn

1529-4242

pii

00006534-201210000-00007

journal_volume

130

pub_type

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