Application of co-composted biochar significantly improved plant-growth relevant physical/chemical properties of a metal contaminated soil.


:A woody-biochar was added to waste biomass during a composting process. The resulting compost-char was amended to a metal contaminated soil and two plant species, L. perenne and E. sativa, were grown in a pot experiment to determine 1) plant survival and stress factors, 2) uptake of metals to plants and, 3) chemical characteristics of sampled soils and pore waters. Compost supplemented with biochar after the composting process were also tested, as well as a commercially available compost, for comparison. Co-composting with biochar hastened the composting process, resulting in a composite material of reduced odour, increased maturity, circum-neutral pH and increased moisture retention than compost (increase by 3% of easily removable water content). When amended to the soil, CaCl2 extractable and pore water metals s were reduced by all compost treatments with little influence of biochar addition at any tested dose. Plant growth success was promoted furthest by the addition of co-composted biochar to the test soil, especially in the case of E. sativa. For both tested plant species significant reductions in plant metal concentrations (e.g. 8-times for Zn) were achieved, against the control soil, by compost, regardless of biochar addition. The results of this study demonstrate that the addition of biochar into the composting process can hasten the stability of the resulting compost-char, with more favourable characteristics as a soil amendment/improver than compost alone. This appears achievable whilst also maintaining the provision of available nutrients to soils and the reduction of metal mobility, and improved conditions for plant establishment.






Teodoro M,Trakal L,Gallagher BN,Šimek P,Soudek P,Pohořelý M,Beesley L,Jačka L,Kovář M,Seyedsadr S,Mohan D




Has Abstract


2020-03-01 00:00:00












  • Determination of uptake, accumulation, and stress effects in corn (Zea mays L.) grown in single-wall carbon nanotube contaminated soil.

    abstract::Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are projected to increase in usage across many industries. Two studies were conducted using Zea L. (corn) seeds exposed to SWNT spiked soil for 40 d. In Study 1, corn was exposed to various SWNT concentrations (0, 10, and 100 mg/kg) with different functionalities (non-functionalize...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cano AM,Kohl K,Deleon S,Payton P,Irin F,Saed M,Shah SA,Green MJ,Cañas-Carrell JE

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Short-term effects of ambient nitrogen dioxide on years of life lost in 48 major Chinese cities, 2013-2017.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Evidence on the acute effect of short-term exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO2) on years of life lost (YLL) is rare, especially in multicity setting. METHODS:We conducted a time series study among 48 major Chinese cities covering more than 403 million people from 2013 to 2017. The relative percentage changes ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li J,Zhang X,Li G,Wang L,Yin P,Zhou M

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Determination of the most effective control methods of SO2 Pollution in Tehran based on adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system.

    abstract::Air pollution in metropolises is one of the serious problems of human life. Tehran is one of the cities facing air pollution problem. Urban managers concern about choosing different management methods to control air pollution. In this study, a combination of fuzzy systems and neural networks has been used to select th...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ebrahimi M,Qaderi F

    更新日期:2021-01-01 00:00:00

  • Recovery of acids from anaerobic acidification broth by liquid-liquid extraction.

    abstract::In this study, anaerobic acidification of sugar beet processing wastes and subsequent liquid-liquid extraction of produced fermentation metabolites were investigated. The aim of extraction experiments was to asses the influence of pH and extractant (trioctylphosphine oxide (TOPO) in kerosene) concentrations on the rec...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alkaya E,Kaptan S,Ozkan L,Uludag-Demirer S,Demirer GN

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of pectin binding of heavy metal ions in aqueous solutions.

    abstract::Evaluation of adsorption performance of several industrially manufactured pectins towards some toxic heavy metals was carried out. Adsorption isotherms for divalent cations in simulant aqueous solutions were measured and corresponding distribution coefficients were calculated. The following selectivity sequences we fo...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kartel MT,Kupchik LA,Veisov BK

    更新日期:1999-05-01 00:00:00

  • Efficient degradation of selected polluting dyes using the tetrahydroxoargentate ion, Ag(OH)4-, in alkaline media.

    abstract::The use of soluble and highly oxidizing Ag(III) in the form of the tetrahydroxoargentate ion Ag(OH)4- is reported for the oxidation of surrogate organic recalcitrant dyes (i.e., rhodamine 6G (Rh6G) and fluorescein (Fl)). The possible use of Ag(OH)4- for the treatment of these and other refractory compounds is assessed...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zamora-Garcia IR,Alatorre-Ordaz A,Ibanez JG,Torres-Elguera JC,Wrobel K,Gutierrez-Granados S

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Graphene oxide-polyethylene glycol incorporated PVDF nanocomposite ultrafiltration membrane with enhanced hydrophilicity, permeability, and antifouling performance.

    abstract::The novel highly hydrophilic composite additive, graphene oxide-polyethylene glycol (GO-PEG, further abbreviated as P-GO), was synthesized from GO and PEG by the esterification reaction. Then, P-GO was blended into a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) casting solution as an additive, and the effects of P-GO on the perform...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ma C,Hu J,Sun W,Ma Z,Yang W,Wang L,Ran Z,Zhao B,Zhang Z,Zhang H

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • A UASB reactor coupled to a hybrid aerobic MBR as innovative plant configuration to enhance the removal of organic micropollutants.

    abstract::An innovative plant configuration based in an UASB reactor coupled to a hybrid aerobic membrane bioreactor designed for sustainable treatment of municipal wastewater at ambient temperatures and low hydraulic retention time was studied in terms of organic micropollutants (OMPs) removal. OMPs removal mechanisms, as well...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alvarino T,Suárez S,Garrido M,Lema JM,Omil F

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Enhanced removal of Cr(VI) via in-situ synergistic reduction and fixation by polypyrrole/sugarcane bagasse composites.

    abstract::Reduction and recycling of Cr(VI) can offer environmental governance and sustainable development. Polypyrrole/sugarcane bagasse composites (PPy/SCB) for efficient adsorption and reduction of Cr(VI) in wastewater were prepared by in-situ polymerization. The effects of the initial pH, Cr concentration, adsorbent dosage,...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chen Z,Pan K

    更新日期:2021-01-11 00:00:00

  • The fate of lindane in the conventional activated sludge treatment process.

    abstract::A pilot-scale treatability study was performed to evaluate the fate of lindane (gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane) in wastewater treatment plants operating in the conventional activated sludge mode. Different types of wastewater (industrial and municipal) spiked with variable lindane concentrations were used at different do...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kipopoulou AM,Zouboulis A,Samara C,Kouimtzis T

    更新日期:2004-04-01 00:00:00

  • Organochlorine pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in wild terrestrial mammals and birds from Chubu region, Japan: interspecies comparison of the residue levels and compositions.

    abstract::In order to understand the residue levels of organochlorine compounds (OCs) and their accumulation patterns in wildlife inhabiting Chubu region, Japan, the concentrations of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), hexachlorocyclohexane isomers (HCHs), DDT compounds (DDTs) and hexachlorobenzene (HCB) were measured in 8 speci...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoshi H,Minamoto N,Iwata H,Shiraki K,Tatsukawa R,Tanabe S,Fujita S,Hirai K,Kinjo T

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Exploratory analysis of the potential relationship between urinary molybdenum and bone mineral density among adult men and women from NHANES 2007-2010.

    abstract::Human exposure to molybdenum (Mo) may play a role in reducing bone mineral density (BMD) by interfering with steroid sex hormone levels. To begin to address gaps in the literature on this topic, the potential relationship between urinary Mo (U-Mo) and BMD at the femoral neck (FN-BMD) and lumbar spine (LS-BMD) was expl...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lewis RC,Johns LE,Meeker JD

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Alleviating CTAC and Flu combined pollution damage in Chlorella vulgaris by exogenous nitric oxide.

    abstract::This study investigates the effect of sodium nitroprussiate (SNP), an exogenous NO-donor, on the joint toxicity of binary mixtures of cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC) and fluoranthene (Flu) (CTAC/Flu), which are representatives for surfactants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) respectively, in a unicel...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li Q,Liang Z,Ge F,Xu Y,Yang L,Zeng H

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Degradation of norfloxacin in aqueous solution by atmospheric-pressure non-thermal plasma: Mechanism and degradation pathways.

    abstract::Norfloxacin is a synthetic antibiotics drug which is widely used in the treatment of infectious diseases and also often carelessly released into natural environment resulting in antibiotics-contaminated wastewater. In this work, we employed atmospheric-pressure non-thermal dielectric barrier discharge (DBD) to treat n...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zhang Q,Zhang H,Zhang Q,Huang Q

    更新日期:2018-11-01 00:00:00

  • Efficient photocatalytic degradation of organics present in gas and liquid phases using Pt-TiO2/Zeolite (H-ZSM).

    abstract::TiO2-encapsulated H-ZSM photocatalysts were prepared by physical mixing of TiO2 and zeolites. Pt was immobilized on the surface of the TiO2-encapsulated zeolite (H-ZSM) catalysts by a simple photochemical reduction method. Different weight ratios of both TiO2 and Pt were hybridized with H-ZSM and the catalytic perform...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Neppolian B,Mine S,Horiuchi Y,Bianchi CL,Matsuoka M,Dionysiou DD,Anpo M

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • Polychlorinated biphenyl congeners in sediment cores from the Upper Mississippi River.

    abstract::We determined polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and radionuclide (137)Cs in sediment cores from the Upper Mississippi River (UMR) and the Iowa River, Iowa, at their confluence. Vertical distribution of (137)Cs indicated negligible mixing in the UMR core, while the Iowa River core showed signs of mixing. A clear (137)Cs...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martinez A,Schnoebelen DJ,Hornbuckle KC

    更新日期:2016-02-01 00:00:00

  • Fabrication of titanium dioxide nanomaterial for implantable highly flexible composite bioelectrode for biosensing applications.

    abstract::Implantable and stretchable electrodes have managed to progress the medical field from a medical diagnosis aspect to a patient treatment level. They offer the ability to detect biosignals and conduct electrical current to tissues that aid in muscle stimulation and axon regeneration. Current conventional electrodes are...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mohamed O,Al-Othman A,Al-Nashash H,Tawalbeh M,Almomani F,Rezakazemi M

    更新日期:2021-01-18 00:00:00

  • Detection of lead-induced oxidative stress in the rat epididymis by chemiluminescence.

    abstract::It has been shown that lead (Pb) is able to induce lipid peroxidation, one of the main manifestations of oxidative stress. In this study we examined the relationship between chronic Pb exposure and level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in reproductive system tissues of sexually mature male Wistar rats. One group of a...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Marchlewicz M,Michalska T,Wiszniewska B

    更新日期:2004-12-01 00:00:00

  • Extractability and bioavailability of zinc over time in three tropical soils incubated with biosolids.

    abstract::Phytotoxicity of heavy metal is the primary concern in applying biosolids (sewage sludge) to agricultural land. This study evaluates the changes in chemical speciation of Zn in three tropical soils of Taiwan measured with sequential extraction over a one-year period. Biosolids were applied to the soils at application ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hseu ZY

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Serpentine soils affect heavy metal tolerance but not genetic diversity in a common Mediterranean ant.

    abstract::Natural habitats with serpentine soils are rich in heavy metal ions, which may significantly affect ecological communities. Exposure to metal pollutants results, for instance, in a reduction of population genetic diversity and a diffused higher tolerance towards heavy metals. In this study, we investigated whether chr...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Frizzi F,Masoni A,Çelikkol M,Palchetti E,Ciofi C,Chelazzi G,Santini G

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

  • Chitosan-MnO2 nanocomposite for effective removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution.

    abstract::In this report, the adsorption of Cr(VI) onto MnO2/CS nanocomposite material from aqueous solution is investigated. All the factors, which affect the adsorption, such as pH, adsorption time, Cr(VI) initial concentration and adsorbent dosage, are also examined. The results obtained show that the Cr(VI) uptake is strong...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dinh VP,Nguyen MD,Nguyen QH,Do TT,Luu TT,Luu AT,Tap TD,Ho TH,Phan TP,Nguyen TD,Tan LV

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of using aluminum sulfate and water-soluble Moringa oleifera seed lectin to reduce turbidity and toxicity of polluted stream water.

    abstract::Aluminum salts are used as coagulants in water treatment; however, the exposure to residual aluminum has been associated with human brain lesions. The water-soluble Moringa oleifera lectin (WSMoL), which is extracted with distilled water and isolated by chitin chromatography, has coagulant activity and is able to redu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Freitas JHES,de Santana KV,do Nascimento ACC,de Paiva SC,de Moura MC,Coelho LCBB,de Oliveira MBM,Paiva PMG,do Nascimento AE,Napoleão TH

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal-spatial dynamics of anthropogenic nitrogen inputs and hotspots in a large river basin.

    abstract::Environmental pollution caused by human activities in the Yangtze River Basin (YRB), especially nitrogen pollution, has always been a hot topic. High-intensity anthropogenic nitrogen (AN) inputs have undergone some changes on account of environmental management practices in the YRB. We used the latest statistical data...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cui M,Guo Q,Wei R,Chen T

    更新日期:2020-12-22 00:00:00

  • PAH contaminated soil remediation by reusing an aqueous solution of cyclodextrins.

    abstract::We studied the possibility to re-use an aqueous solution of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (bpmCD) in order to decontaminate a soil polluted by phenanthrene and pyrene. The loss of bpmCD in the soil was insignificant. In order to eliminate polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from the contaminated aqueous solution, on one...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petitgirard A,Djehiche M,Persello J,Fievet P,Fatin-Rouge N

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • The reproductive toxicology of male SD rats after PM2.5 exposure mediated by the stimulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress.

    abstract::Evidence has shown that exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) contributed to poor semen quality in males. However, the reproductive toxicity and relevant molecular mechanisms of Particular Matter 2.5 (PM2.5) from different seasons are not well understood. In the present work, we intend to investigate the toxic effe...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Liu X,Jin X,Su R,Li Z

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Humic acid-modified bentonite composite material enhances urea-nitrogen use efficiency.

    abstract::Bentonite was modified by introducing humic acid (HA) into interlayer space of bentonite. The structural and physicochemical properties of modified bentonite were determined by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric anal...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shen Y,Jiao S,Ma Z,Lin H,Gao W,Chen J

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Serum profiles of PCDDs and PCDFs, in individuals near the Escambia Wood Treating Company Superfund site in Pensacola, FL.

    abstract::The Escambia Wood Treating Company (ETC) Superfund site, Pensacola, FL, is contaminated with polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDD/F), benzo(a)pyrene, lead and arsenic from pentachlorophenol (PCP), creosote, and other compounds used to treat utility poles and foundation pilings. Alt...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Karouna-Renier NK,Rao KR,Lanza JJ,Davis DA,Wilson PA

    更新日期:2007-10-01 00:00:00

  • Structure of Mn-Zr mixed oxides catalysts and their catalytic performance in the gas-phase oxidation of chlorocarbons.

    abstract::The catalytic activity and selectivity of manganese zirconia mixed oxides were evaluated for the oxidation of two common chlorinated pollutants found in waste streams, namely 1,2-dichloroethane (DCE) and trichloroethylene (TCE). Mixed oxides with varying Mn-Zr content were prepared by coprecipitation via nitrates, and...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gutiérrez-Ortiz JI,de Rivas B,López-Fonseca R,Martín S,González-Velasco JR

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • Application of different RP-HPLC methods for the determination of the octanol/water partition coefficient of selected tetrachlorobenzyltoluenes.

    abstract::Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) in both, isocratic and gradient elution mode (stationary phase: LiChrospher 100 RP-18; mobile phase: water/methanol or water/acetonitrile) was used for a renewed determination of octanol/water partition coefficients (Kow) of selected tetrachlorobenzyltolu...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paschke A,Manz M,Schüürmann G

    更新日期:2001-11-01 00:00:00

  • QSAR prediction of additive and non-additive mixture toxicities of antibiotics and pesticide.

    abstract::Antibiotics and pesticides may exist as a mixture in real environment. The combined effect of mixture can either be additive or non-additive (synergism and antagonism). However, no effective predictive approach exists on predicting the synergistic and antagonistic toxicities of mixtures. In this study, we developed a ...


    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Qin LT,Chen YH,Zhang X,Mo LY,Zeng HH,Liang YP

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00