Application of co-composted biochar significantly improved plant-growth relevant physical/chemical properties of a metal contaminated soil.

Abstract:

:A woody-biochar was added to waste biomass during a composting process. The resulting compost-char was amended to a metal contaminated soil and two plant species, L. perenne and E. sativa, were grown in a pot experiment to determine 1) plant survival and stress factors, 2) uptake of metals to plants and, 3) chemical characteristics of sampled soils and pore waters. Compost supplemented with biochar after the composting process were also tested, as well as a commercially available compost, for comparison. Co-composting with biochar hastened the composting process, resulting in a composite material of reduced odour, increased maturity, circum-neutral pH and increased moisture retention than compost (increase by 3% of easily removable water content). When amended to the soil, CaCl2 extractable and pore water metals s were reduced by all compost treatments with little influence of biochar addition at any tested dose. Plant growth success was promoted furthest by the addition of co-composted biochar to the test soil, especially in the case of E. sativa. For both tested plant species significant reductions in plant metal concentrations (e.g. 8-times for Zn) were achieved, against the control soil, by compost, regardless of biochar addition. The results of this study demonstrate that the addition of biochar into the composting process can hasten the stability of the resulting compost-char, with more favourable characteristics as a soil amendment/improver than compost alone. This appears achievable whilst also maintaining the provision of available nutrients to soils and the reduction of metal mobility, and improved conditions for plant establishment.

journal_name

Chemosphere

journal_title

Chemosphere

authors

Teodoro M,Trakal L,Gallagher BN,Šimek P,Soudek P,Pohořelý M,Beesley L,Jačka L,Kovář M,Seyedsadr S,Mohan D

doi

10.1016/j.chemosphere.2019.125255

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-03-01 00:00:00

pages

125255

eissn

0045-6535

issn

1879-1298

pii

S0045-6535(19)32495-6

journal_volume

242

pub_type

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