Monitoring hospital wastewaters for their probable genotoxicity and mutagenicity.


:Cancer is a leading cause of death worldwide. Excluding the genetic factors, environmental factors, mainly the pollutants, have been implicated in the causation of the majority of cancers. Wastewater originated from health-care sectors such as hospitals may carry vast amounts of carcinogenic and genotoxic chemicals to surface waters or any other source of drinking water, if discharged untreated. Humans get exposed to such contaminants through a variety of ways including drinking water. The aim of the present study was, thus, to monitor the genotoxic and mutagenic potential of wastewaters from three big hospitals located in Jaipur (Rajasthan), India. One of them was operating an effluent treatment plant (ETP) for treatment of its wastewater and therefore both the untreated and treated effluents from this hospital were studied for their genotoxicity. Two short-term bacterial bioassays namely the Salmonella fluctuation assay and the SOS chromotest were used for the purpose. Results of fluctuation assay revealed the highly genotoxic nature of all untreated effluent samples with mutagenicity ratios (MR) up to 23.13 ± 0.18 and 42.25 ± 0.35 as measured with Salmonella typhimurium strains TA98 and TA100, respectively. As determined with the chromotest, all untreated effluents produced significant induction factors (IF) ranging from 3.29 ± 1.11 to 13.35 ± 3.58 at higher concentrations. In contrast, treated effluent samples were found to be slightly genotoxic in fluctuation test only with an MR = 3.75 ± 0.35 for TA100 at 10 % concentration. Overall, the results indicated that proper treatment of hospital wastewaters may render the effluents safe for disposal contrary to the untreated ones, possessing high genotoxic potential.


Environ Monit Assess


Sharma P,Mathur N,Singh A,Sogani M,Bhatnagar P,Atri R,Pareek S




Has Abstract


2015-01-01 00:00:00












  • Factors influencing acquisition of ecological and exposure information about hazards and risks from contaminated sites.

    abstract::Considerable research indicates that a wide range of socio-economic factors influence attitudes and perceptions about environmental hazards and risks, and that social trust in those who manage a hazard is strongly correlated to judgements about risks and benefits. We suggest that there are three steps that lead to env...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Burger J,Greenberg M,Gochfeld M,Shukla S,Lowrie K,Keren R

    更新日期:2008-02-01 00:00:00

  • An overview of management and monitoring of harmful algal blooms in the northern part of the Persian Gulf and Oman Sea (Hormuzgan Province).

    abstract::Algal bloom as a common phenomenon in the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman had catastrophic effects on environmental, social, economic, and human health aspects from 2008 to 2009. Since 2008, the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman Ecological Research Institute (PGSOERI) has monitored and managed algal blooms in the Horm...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Mirza Esmaeili F,Mortazavi MS,Dehghan Banadaki AR

    更新日期:2019-12-13 00:00:00

  • Urban daily life routines and human exposure to environmental discomfort.

    abstract::This study suggests a shift in focus from studying environmental discomfort in urban strategic stations, from which average results for the city or specific results for selected sites are deduced, and from measuring environmental conditions in fixed monitoring stations to a study in which we monitor, with mobile porta...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schnell I,Potchter O,Yaakov Y,Epstein Y,Brener S,Hermesh H

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of toxic interaction of nano zinc oxide and nano copper oxide on germination of Raphanus sativus seeds.

    abstract::Multiple applications of nanoparticles (NPs) could result in their potential release into agricultural systems and raised concerns about food safety. The NPs once released in the environment may interact with numerous pollutants, including other NPs. Present study assessed the impact of a single (CuO and ZnO NPs) and ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Singh D,Kumar A

    更新日期:2019-10-31 00:00:00

  • Relationship between COVID-19 infection rates and air pollution, geo-meteorological, and social parameters.

    abstract::Like all infectious diseases, the infection rate of COVID-19 is dependent on many variables. In order to effectively prepare a localized plan for infectious disease management, it is important to find the relationship between COVID-19 infection rate and other key variables. This study aims to understand the spatial re...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hassan MS,Bhuiyan MAH,Tareq F,Bodrud-Doza M,Tanu SM,Rabbani KA

    更新日期:2021-01-04 00:00:00

  • Mycotoxin levels and incidence of mould in Turkish rice.

    abstract::One hundred unpackaged rice samples, each weighing 500 g, were randomly collected at retail stores and open markets in the largest rice growing area (Thrace) in Turkey and analysed for mould counts, predominant mould genera, moisture content and mycotoxin levels. Mould counts ranged from 1.0 × 10(1) to 1.5 × 10(4) cfu...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aydin A,Aksu H,Gunsen U

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Use of fuzzy logic models for prediction of taste and odor compounds in algal bloom-affected inland water bodies.

    abstract::Mechanistic modeling of how algal species produce metabolites (e.g., taste and odor compounds geosmin and 2-methyl isoborneol (2-MIB)) as a biological response is currently not well understood. However, water managers and water utilities using these reservoirs often need methods for predicting metabolite production, s...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bruder S,Babbar-Sebens M,Tedesco L,Soyeux E

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of flood-induced changes in soil heavy metal and nutrient status in Rajanpur, Pakistan.

    abstract::Flood events around the globe have severely impaired the soil functioning resulting in compromised food security in several parts of the world. The current study was aimed to explore the impacts of floods on soil heavy metals and nutrients status at three locations; Tibbi Solgi (TS), Vinri Khosa (VK), and Noshehra Wes...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hafeez F,Zafar N,Nazir R,Javeed HMR,Rizwan M,Faridullah,Asad SA,Iqbal A

    更新日期:2019-03-21 00:00:00

  • Disinfection by-product formation and mutagenic assay caused by preozonation of groundwater containing bromide.

    abstract::Brominated organic and inorganic by-products are generated during ozonation of groundwater containing high bromide concentrations. This study measured concentrations of bromate, bromoform, bromoacetic acids, bromoacetonitriles, bromoacetone, 2,4-dibromophenol and aldehyde generated by ozonation. The potential mutageni...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huang WJ,Chang CY,Shih FH

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of water quality using cluster analysis in coastal region of Mumbai, India.

    abstract::The coastal water quality of Mumbai is deteriorating due to various point and non-point wastewater sources. Hence, it is desirable to monitor coastal water quality for various water-related activities like bathing, contact water sports, recreation, and commercial fishing. The objective of this paper is to assess the s...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kamble SR,Vijay R

    更新日期:2011-07-01 00:00:00

  • Organochlorine residues in blood of cinereous vultures and Eurasian griffon vultures in a northeastern Mediterranean area of nature conservation.

    abstract::In the National Park of Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli Forest (Dadia NP, Greece), seven "target" PCBs and 16 organochlorine pesticides (OCs) were analysed in blood samples of cinereous vultures (Aegypius monachus) and Eurasian griffon vultures (Gyps fulvus). PCB congeners 138, 153 and 180 predominated in both species' blood sam...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goutner V,Skartsi T,Konstantinou IK,Sakellarides TM,Albanis TA,Vasilakis D,Elorriaga J,Poirazidis K

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Speciative determination of Cr (III) and Cr (VI) in dyeing waste water of Dil Creek discharge to Izmit Gulf (Izmit-Kocaeli, Turkey) by ICP-AES.

    abstract::Wastewater pollution in industrial areas is one of the most important environmental problems. Heavy metal pollution, especially chromium pollution in wastewater sources from dyeing and tannery has affected the life on earth. This pollution can affect all ecosystems and human health directly or by food chain. Therefore...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oktor K,Yilmaz S,Türker G,Erkuş E

    更新日期:2008-06-01 00:00:00

  • Quantifying nickel in soils and plants in an ultramafic area in Philippines.

    abstract::In this study, concentrations of nickel (Ni) were quantified in the soils and plants in the agricultural areas of Salcedo watershed in Eastern Samar Island, Philippines. The quantity of total Ni in soils (TS-Ni) was significantly high with a mean of 1,409 mg kg(-1), while the soil available Ni (SA-Ni) was low with a m...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Susaya JP,Kim KH,Asio VB,Chen ZS,Navarrete I

    更新日期:2010-08-01 00:00:00

  • Classification of coal fly ash based on pH, CaO content, glassy components, and leachability of toxic elements.

    abstract::Coal fly ash (CFA), a by-product generated from coal-burning power plants, readily leaches toxic elements into aquatic environments. The present study describes a classification system for CFA based on the chemical composition of CFA and leachability of toxic elements, which can promote the safe and effective utilizat...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Seki T,Ogawa Y,Inoue C

    更新日期:2019-05-09 00:00:00

  • Metal exposure and effects in voles and small birds near a mining haul road in Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska.

    abstract::Voles and small passerine birds were live-captured near the Delong Mountain Regional Transportation System (DMTS) haul road in Cape Krusenstern National Monument in northwest Alaska to assess metals exposure and sub-lethal biological effects. Similar numbers of animals were captured from a reference site in southern C...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brumbaugh WG,Mora MA,May TW,Phalen DN

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • H emibagrus sp. as a potential bioindicator of hazardous metal pollution in Selangor River.

    abstract::The spatial distributions of Na, Mg, K, Ca, Cr, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Se and Pb in Hemibagrus sp. from Selangor River and a reference site were determined with inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometer, in comparison to the levels in their surrounding water body and sediments. The results demonstrated significant dif...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Idris NSU,Low KH,Koki IB,Kamaruddin AF,Md Salleh K,Zain SM

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of uptake rate of heavy metals by Eichhornia crassipes and Hydrilla verticillata.

    abstract::Lakes, ponds, and streams are the sources of surface water, which anchorage the survival of aquatic life flora and fauna and maintain ecological balance. Due to urbanization, population explosion, and industrialization, these natural sources are getting polluted. Present paper is an attempt to evaluate the uptake rate...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dixit S,Dhote S

    更新日期:2010-10-01 00:00:00

  • Investigation of heavy metal content in the suspended particulate matter and sediments of inner Gokova Bay and creeks.

    abstract::The Bay of Gokova in Southeastern Aegean Sea (Turkey) is important by the potential of agricultural, municipal, and tourism activities. In addition, there is no industrial plant within the area in the Aegean Sea. Kadın Creek (Azmak) and Akçapınar Creek (Azmak) flowing into the inner Gokova Bay are one of the important...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Demirak A,Yılmaz HA,Keskin F,Sahin Y,Akpolat O

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

  • Characterization of the monthly variation in (1 → 3)-β-D-glucan concentrations in university laboratories.

    abstract::We characterize the monthly variation in (1 → 3)-β-D-glucan concentration measured over the course of 1 year, and we evaluate the characteristics of size selection using a two-stage cyclone sampler. The (1 → 3)-β-D-glucan concentrations were measured in four bio-related laboratories. A total of 156 samples were collec...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hwang SH,Lee IM,Lee YK,Park JI,Rhie KW,Park DU,Yoon CS

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Consumer exposure to pesticide residues in apples from the region of south-eastern Poland.

    abstract::The production of apples in Poland is the largest among the countries of the European Union, and therefore, the consumption of these fruits is high in our country. The aim of this study was to determine the presence of pesticide residues in Polish apples and to assess if these residues pose a risk to the health of the...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Szpyrka E,Kurdziel A,Słowik-Borowiec M,Grzegorzak M,Matyaszek A

    更新日期:2013-11-01 00:00:00

  • Seasonal differences in the trace metal and macrominerals in shrimp (Parapenaus longirostris) from Marmara Sea.

    abstract::Seasonal changes in micromineral and macromineral concentrations in tissues of shrimp (Parapenaus longirostris) from Marmara Sea were measured for a 1-year period by using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometer. The contents of investigated minerals in shrimp were found to be in the range of 0.374-0.716 mg/kg fo...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ozden O

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Total maximum daily load (TMDL) based sustainable basin growth and management strategy.

    abstract::This study focused on the development and application of the new approach 'Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) based sustainable basin growth and management strategy' to give better insight for the management of surface waters. The establishment of the proposed decision process mainly comprised: beneficial use designation...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Boyacioglu H,Alpaslan MN

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Benzene-contaminated groundwater remediation using calcium peroxide nanoparticles: synthesis and process optimization.

    abstract::Nano-size calcium peroxide (nCaO2) is an appropriate oxygen source which can meet the needs of in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO) for contaminant remediation from groundwater. In the present study, an easy to handle procedure for synthesis of CaO2 nanoparticles has been investigated. Modeling and optimization of synthe...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mosmeri H,Alaie E,Shavandi M,Dastgheib SMM,Tasharrofi S

    更新日期:2017-08-14 00:00:00

  • Assessing the phytoavailability of arsenic and phosphorus to corn plant after the addition of an acrylic copolymer to polluted soils.

    abstract::Soil pollution by arsenic increases the potential risk of arsenic entrance into the food chain. The usefulness of maleic anhydride- styrene- acrylic acid copolymer on the mobility and phytoavailability of arsenic was evaluated. Treatments were the concentrations of acrylic copolymer (0, 0.05, 0.10, and 0.20% w/w) and ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mansouri T,Golchin A,Kouhestani H

    更新日期:2017-08-13 00:00:00

  • Molecular quantification of virulence gene-containing Aeromonas in water samples collected from different drinking water treatment processes.

    abstract::Pathogenic species of Aeromonas produce a range of virulence factors, including aerolysin, cytotonic enterotoxins, and serine protease, to cause acute gastroenteritis and wound infections in humans and animals. Recognizing that not all Aeromonas strains are pathogenic, in this study, we proposed to evaluate Aeromonas ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yu CP,Chu KH

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Chemical composition of the NH3-HNO 3-H 2SO 4-NaCl system in the atmosphere of Athens, Greece.

    abstract::This paper presents a procedure for estimating the distribution of ionic material in the NH3-HNO3-H2SO4-NaCl system and applies this procedure in a particular case. The data used were measurements of HNO3, NH3, NO 3 (-) , SO 4 (-) , NH 4 (+) Cl(-) and Na(+) performed during February 1989 - February 1990 in a central A...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kirkitsos PD,Sikiotis D

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • Impact of post-methanation distillery effluent irrigation on groundwater quality.

    abstract::Molasses-based distilleries generate large quantities of effluent, which is used for irrigation in many countries including India. The effluent is rich in organic and inorganic ions, which may leach down and pollute the groundwater. An on-farm experiment was conducted to assess the impact of long-term irrigation with ...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jain N,Bhatia A,Kaushik R,Kumar S,Joshi HC,Pathak H

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Assessment of hydrological processes operating in a multi-layered sedimentary aquifer system in Saudi Arabia using integrated chemical and statistical approach.

    abstract::Hydrochemical processes have a great influence on the groundwater quality especially in arid regions where groundwater is the single most important source of water supply. The present study was carried out in the Wadi Ad Dawasir region of Saudi Arabia. The objective of this study was to determine the processes influen...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zaidi FK,Salman A,Hag-Elsafi S,Alfaifi HJ

    更新日期:2019-06-24 00:00:00

  • Spatio-temporal analysis of urban growth and its impact on floods in Ajman City, UAE.

    abstract::The negative consequences of urbanisation have been recently recognised despite the social and economic benefits it provides to the community. Effects of urbanisation include increases in surface runoff, frequency and magnitude of floods and urban water harvesting capacity. Accordingly, this study utilised multi-spect...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Al-Ruzouq R,Yilmaz AG,Shanableh A,Boharoun ZA,Khalil MA,Imteaz MA

    更新日期:2019-10-19 00:00:00

  • Contaminants in American alligator eggs from Lake Apopka, Lake Griffin, and Lake Okeechobee, Florida.

    abstract::Residues of organochlorine pesticides, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and 16 elements were measured in American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) eggs collected in 1984 from Lakes Apopka, Griffin, and Okeechobee in central and south Florida. Organochlorine pesticides were highest in eggs from Lake Apopka. None...

    journal_title:Environmental monitoring and assessment

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Heinz GH,Percival HF,Jennings ML

    更新日期:1991-03-01 00:00:00