Appearance Motivation, Obsessive-compulsive Tendencies and Excessive Suntanning in a Community Sample.


:Measures of appearance motivation, obsessive-compulsive tendencies and tanning attitudes and behavior were completed by 175 adults, ages 16-65, who were approached while suntanning. Participants who scored high in both appearance motivation and obsessive-compulsive tendencies most strongly endorsed the importance of having a tan, spent the most time in the sun, were least likely to use sunscreen and were more likely to use tanning beds. In contrast, low-appearance motivation combined with high obsession- compulsion was associated with safe-sun practices.


J Health Psychol


Leary MR,Saltzman JL,Georgeson JC




Has Abstract


1997-10-01 00:00:00














  • Dieting and cognitive style: the role of current and past dieting behaviour and cognitions.

    abstract::This study aimed to investigate the relationship between dieting and global cognitive style in a non-clinical sample. Questionnaires were administered to 218 Australian undergraduate students. Dieting was operationalized in two ways: self-reported current dieting behaviour; and scores on dietary restraint. It was foun...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Tiggemann M

    更新日期:2000-01-01 00:00:00

  • A longitudinal study of psychological distress in women with breast symptoms.

    abstract::The aim of the study was to measure psychological distress in women with breast symptoms over a period of three months following an outpatient appointment at a rapid access symptomatic breast clinic. Women were recruited (N = 150) at the weekly clinic and psychological distress was measured using the Hospital Anxiety ...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Howard RA,Harvey PG

    更新日期:1998-04-01 00:00:00

  • The moderating effects of anxiety and breast cancer locus of control on depression.

    abstract::Research suggests that depression and anxiety can affect quality of life in breast cancer survivors. Moreover, certain cognitive control beliefs have been implicated in the development and maintenance of both depression and anxiety. The present study examined the relationship between breast cancer locus of control bel...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Naus MJ,Price EC,Peter MP

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Positive interventions in seriously-ill children: Effects on well-being after granting a wish.

    abstract::We examined whether a positive intervention (i.e. granting a wish) could promote positive psychological and physical changes (e.g. reduced nausea and pain) in seriously-ill children. Children and their parent were randomly assigned to a wish group (completed measures 2-3 days before the wish and 3 weeks later) or to a...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Chaves C,Vázquez C,Hervás G

    更新日期:2016-09-01 00:00:00

  • Methamphetamine abuse in the United States: contextual, psychological and sociological considerations.

    abstract::Emerging behavioral research on methamphetamine suggests a growing public health concern no longer limited to specific regions of the United States. Given that current evidence-based treatments for addressing methamphetamine addiction have had limited success, there remains a need to further examine the efficacy of th...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shrem MT,Halkitis PN

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • The stress-buffering effects of hope on changes in adjustment to caregiving in multiple sclerosis.

    abstract::This study examined the direct and stress-buffering effects of global hope and its components (agency and pathways) on changes in adjustment to multiple sclerosis caregiving over 12 months. A total of 140 carers and their care-recipients completed questionnaires at Time 1 and 12 months later, Time 2. Focal predictors ...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Madan S,Pakenham KI

    更新日期:2015-09-01 00:00:00

  • The role of men's physical attractiveness in women's perceptions of sexual risk: danger or allure?

    abstract::The rate of casual sexual encounters is increasing on college campuses. To decrease sexual risk behavior, information used to judge sexual risk in others needs to be identified. Women rated male targets on willingness to have unprotected sex with the target and likelihood that the target has a sexually transmitted inf...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lennon CA,Kenny DA

    更新日期:2013-09-01 00:00:00

  • Religiousness and blood donation: findings from a national survey.

    abstract::Religions instruct individuals to engage in prosocial behaviors. Previous studies are lacking on a positive relation between religiousness and blood donation. We tested this hypothesis using a national survey of 7611 women and 4282 men aged 18-44 years. In women, positive associations of childhood religious affiliatio...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gillum RF,Masters KS

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Linking body esteem to eating disorders among adolescents: A moderated mediation model.

    abstract::This study explored the roles of social appearance anxiety and emotional intelligence in the relationship between body esteem and eating-disorder risk among adolescents. A total of 2509 high-school students were sampled to participate in the study. Statistical methods mainly involved descriptive statistics, Bootstrapp...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li Y

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with general self-efficacy and resilience among youth heads of households in Kenya.

    abstract::This study assesses resilience and general self-efficacy among Kenyan orphans and vulnerable children (n = 1060) active in a community-based program combining economic household strengthening with psychosocial support. Quantile regression analyses modeled associations between the 25th, 50th, and 75th percentiles of re...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Goodman ML,Lloyd LE,Selwyn BJ,Morgan RO,Mwongera M,Gitari S,Keiser PH

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • The anticipated and the lived experience of home and in-centre haemodialysis: Is there a disconnect?

    abstract::This qualitative study aimed to explore home haemodialysis and in-centre haemodialysis patients' experience, to illuminate barriers and facilitators in the uptake and maintenance of home haemodialysis. Thirty-two semi-structured interviews with patients receiving home haemodialysis or in-centre haemodialysis were anal...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Majeed-Ariss R,Jayanti A,Schulz T,Wearden A,Mitra S

    更新日期:2017-10-01 00:00:00

  • Women's depressive symptoms during the transition to motherhood: the role of competence, relatedness, and autonomy.

    abstract::This study investigates the longitudinal pattern of reciprocal relations between mothers' perceived satisfaction of their needs for competence, relatedness, and autonomy and depressive symptoms during the transition to motherhood. Participants were 331 women assessed during their pregnancy and two and five months afte...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gauthier L,Guay F,Senécal C,Pierce T

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • 'Coping quite well with a few difficult bits': living with disfigurement in early adolescence.

    abstract::Facial disfigurement affects approximately one in 500 children and young people in the UK. Four mothers and their four children aged 11-13 years who have a facial disfigurement were recruited through the charity Changing Faces, in order to examine the perspectives and concerns of adolescents and their mothers, and how...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Prior J,O'Dell L

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and invariance assessment of the perceived powerlessness scale among youth in Baltimore.

    abstract::Generalized perceived powerlessness is an important psychosocial construct that determines a wide range of health behaviors and outcomes. This study has two aims: (1) examine the structure of the newly developed perceived powerlessness scale using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses and (2) assess the scale's...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lim S,Powell TW,Xue QL,Towe VL,Taylor RB,Ellen JM,Sherman SG

    更新日期:2020-09-01 00:00:00

  • Ecological momentary assessment and first smoking cessation lapse after an acute cardiac event: A pilot study.

    abstract::This 28-day pilot study assessed the feasibility of cell phone ecological momentary assessment in 40 smokers who received emergency department evaluations for acute coronary syndrome. Ecological momentary assessments used familiar touch tone response technology during a cell phone call to capture ratings of illness pe...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Webber CJ,O'Hea EC,Abar B,Bock B,Boudreaux ED

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • How does thinking in Black and White terms relate to eating behavior and weight regain?

    abstract::This study explores the role of dichotomous thinking on eating behavior and its association with restraint eating and weight regain in a wide range of people. In a web-based survey with 241 adults, dichotomous thinking and behavioral outcomes related to eating (restraint eating, weight regain, body mass index, dieting...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Palascha A,van Kleef E,van Trijp HC

    更新日期:2015-05-01 00:00:00

  • Adapting a generic coping skills programme for adolescents with type 1 diabetes: a qualitative study.

    abstract::Few qualitative studies have examined the views of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) regarding psychosocial programme development and content. We conducted focus groups with 13 adolescents with T1DM to explore stressors and gain feedback on adapting a generic coping skills programme. The following preva...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Serlachius A,Northam E,Frydenberg E,Cameron F

    更新日期:2012-04-01 00:00:00

  • Fear of hypoglycemia, anxiety, and subjective well-being in parents of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

    abstract::This study explored the association between parental fear of hypoglycemia, anxiety, and subjective well-being in parents of children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes. A total of 120 mothers and 79 fathers participated. Mothers' and fathers' fear of hypoglycemia was significantly associated with anxiety and negativ...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pate T,Klemenčič S,Battelino T,Bratina N

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • The associations between personality traits, education, occupation and the occurrence of eczema in adulthood.

    abstract::There were 5834 participants with complete data on parental social class at birth, childhood cognitive ability tests scores at 11 years, educational qualifications at 33 years, the Big Five-Factor personality traits, occupational levels and eczema (measured at age 50 years). Results showed that eczema in childhood, ed...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cheng H,Treglown L,Montgomery S,Kornilaki EN,Tsivrikos D,Furnham A

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Computer-delivered personalized feedback intervention for hazardous drinkers with elevated anxiety sensitivity: Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract::Integrated treatments for hazardous drinking and anxiety/depression are virtually nonexistent. Anxiety sensitivity is a common mechanism for both anxiety/depression and hazardous drinking. This article presents a study protocol for the development and testing of an integrated remotely delivered anxiety sensitivity/haz...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Paulus DJ,Gallagher MW,Neighbors C,Zvolensky MJ

    更新日期:2020-03-04 00:00:00

  • Normal-weight and overweight female adolescents with and without extreme weight-control behaviours: Emotional distress and body image concerns.

    abstract::The objective of this study was to analyse emotional distress and concerns related to body image in 712 normal-weight and overweight adolescent girls. A total of 12.3 per cent of the normal-weight girls and 25 per cent of the overweight girls showed extreme weight-control behaviours. In normal-weight adolescents, thei...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cruz-Sáez S,Pascual A,Salaberria K,Echeburúa E

    更新日期:2015-06-01 00:00:00

  • How adolescents with anorexia nervosa and their parents perceive family functioning?

    abstract::This study aims at examining whether adolescent girls diagnosed with anorexia nervosa and their parents differ in perceiving the different aspects of family functioning. Moreover, the discrepancy between adolescent girls and healthy controls on Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales dimensions, family comm...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laghi F,Pompili S,Zanna V,Castiglioni MC,Criscuolo M,Chianello I,Mazzoni S,Baiocco R

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • 'Chronic cough, cause unknown': A qualitative study of patient perspectives of chronic refractory cough.

    abstract::Chronic refractory cough patients have persistent, unexplained, treatment-resistant symptoms. Very little is known about non-physiological processes underlying chronic refractory cough or patients' experience of the condition. In all, 14 patients participated in semi-structured interviews. Interviews were based on the...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hulme K,Dogan S,Parker SM,Deary V

    更新日期:2019-05-01 00:00:00

  • PTSD after traumatic injury: an investigation of the impact of injury severity and peritraumatic moderators.

    abstract::Presence of injury is often examined as a risk factor for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); however, results have been mixed regarding the relationship between injury severity and PTSD symptoms (PTSS). The present study examined subjective and objective injury severity ratings in traumatic injury victims to determ...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gabert-Quillen CA,Fallon W,Delahanty DL

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Childhood abuse, pregnancy-related anxiety and the mediating role of resilience and social support.

    abstract::Physical, sexual and psychological abuse were examined as risk factors for pregnancy-related anxiety with resilience and social support as mediators. Pregnant women (n = 638) completed measures of pregnancy-related anxiety, resilience, perceived social support and childhood abuse. Women with an abuse history had highe...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brunton R,Wood T,Dryer R

    更新日期:2020-11-06 00:00:00

  • An exploratory study comparing psychological profiles and its congruence with clinical performance among patients with functional or motility digestive disorders.

    abstract::Functional gastrointestinal disorders have been related with different psychological conditions. On the contrary, the role of psychological factors within gastrointestinal motor disorders remains unclear. The objective of this study was to explore the differences and congruence with clinical performance of the psychol...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Eiroa-Orosa FJ,Rodriguez-Urrutia A,Accarino A,Santamarina-Perez P,Parramon G,Azpiroz F

    更新日期:2016-11-01 00:00:00

  • People living with facial disfigurement after having had noma disease: A systematic review of the literature.

    abstract::Noma disease often results in impairment, morbidity and severe facial disfigurement. This article reports a systematic review of literatures published between 2006 and 2015 to establish existing knowledge about social stigma associated with facial disfigurements. Five databases were searched and 114 citations were scr...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Wali IM,Regmi K

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Making sense of risk diagnosis in case of prenatal and reproductive genetic counselling for neuromuscular diseases.

    abstract::This study explored the processes of significance about the risk communication in prenatal/preconception setting within 1 month to the end of genetic counselling intervention. Participants were all attending a programme of Cardiomyology and Medical Genetics in Naples, Italy, for the first time. Transcripts of 18 semi-...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Zaccaro A,Freda MF

    更新日期:2014-03-01 00:00:00

  • Sharing experiences and social support requests in an Internet forum for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    abstract::Internet forums represent a useful but understudied resource to understand psychosocial aspects of living with systemic lupus erythematosus. This study was aimed to describe the demand/supply of social support through the Internet in relation with the description of personal illness experiences. All the posts (118) fr...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mazzoni D,Cicognani E

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • 'Let's get wasted': A discourse analysis of teenagers' talk about binge drinking.

    abstract::Teenage binge drinking is a significant health issue. To explore teenagers talk about binge drinking, four peer-group interviews were conducted with 20 teenagers, aged 16-18 years, with experience of excessive alcohol use. A discourse analysis showed that a 'drinking is cool' discourse constructed 'getting wasted' as ...

    journal_title:Journal of health psychology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chainey TA,Stephens C

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00