A spatial analysis of the physical and social environmental correlates of discarded needles.


:The role that the urban environment plays in influencing drug users' injection and needle disposal decisions is poorly understood. We identified potential attractors and deterrents of needle discarding, and then used a geographic information system (GIS) to quantify these factors for a neighborhood in Montréal, Canada. In multivariate logistic regression, discarded needles were found to have more associations with physical factors than with social factors. Visual exposure and proximity to a single-room occupancy hotel, a pay phone, an adult service or a pawnshop were important physical environmental predictors. These findings are discussed in relation to developing public health and urban design-based harm reduction approaches to needle discarding in public space.


Health Place


Health & place


de Montigny L,Moudon AV,Leigh BC,Kim SY




Has Abstract


2011-05-01 00:00:00














  • Regional surveillance of social and geographic inequalities in smoking: the case of Montréal, Canada.

    abstract::Surveillance of social inequalities in health is a platform for action. We examined the trends in smoking behaviours (current and ever smoking, quit ratios) according to education and place of residence and we quantified the observed inequalities. Data were from repeated cross-sectional surveys (2003-2009) of Montreal...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Généreux M,Roy M,Montpetit C,Azzou SA,Gratton J

    更新日期:2012-03-01 00:00:00

  • The Aral Sea disaster and self-rated health.

    abstract::This study examined the effect of psychosocial factors and environmental perceptions on self-rated health in the environmentally devastated Aral Sea area of Karakalpakstan. Self-rated health was assessed using a questionnaire on 881 randomly selected individuals from three communities. Communities were chosen based on...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Crighton EJ,Elliott SJ,Upshur R,van der Meer J,Small I

    更新日期:2003-06-01 00:00:00

  • Dietary inequalities: what is the evidence for the effect of the neighbourhood food environment?

    abstract::This review summarises the evidence for inequalities in community and consumer nutrition environments from ten previous review articles, and also assesses the evidence for the effect of the community and consumer nutrition environments on dietary intake. There is evidence for inequalities in food access in the US but ...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Black C,Moon G,Baird J

    更新日期:2014-05-01 00:00:00

  • Residential instability in socioeconomically deprived neighbourhoods, good or bad?

    abstract::Previously, both positive and negative effects of residential instability on various health outcomes have been described. The present study tests these effects in a European context, using two different data-sources (1) neighbourhood level data on socioeconomic deprivation and residential instability, and (2) individu...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Drukker M,Kaplan C,van Os J

    更新日期:2005-06-01 00:00:00

  • The associations between interpersonal violence and psychological distress among rural and urban young women in South Africa.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Approximately 25% of the world's population consists of young people. The experience of violence peaks during adolescence and the early adult years. A link between personal experience of violence and mental health among young people has been demonstrated but rural-urban differences in these associations are ...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Manyema M,Norris SA,Said-Mohamed R,Tollman ST,Twine R,Kahn K,Richter LM

    更新日期:2018-05-01 00:00:00

  • Nature as a facilitator for physical activity: Defining relationships between the objective and perceived environment and physical activity among community-dwelling older people.

    abstract::The aim was to study the correspondence between the objective and perceived environment and to assess their associations with physical activity (PA) in older people. 848 community-dwelling older people aged 75-90 were interviewed on their difficulties in walking 500m, perceiving nature as a facilitator for outdoor mob...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Keskinen KE,Rantakokko M,Suomi K,Rantanen T,Portegijs E

    更新日期:2018-01-01 00:00:00

  • Impacts of migration on health and well-being in later life in China: Evidence from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS).

    abstract::Unprecedented internal migration to urban areas has happened in China over the last few decades. While, we know that migration has a bidirectional relationship with health, this relationship has only been studied to a limited extent in China. In particular, the exiting literature has neglected the effects of migration...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hou B,Nazroo J,Banks J,Marshall A

    更新日期:2019-07-01 00:00:00

  • Spatial variation in socio-ecological vulnerability to Covid-19 in the contiguous United States.

    abstract::The health and economic impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic vary across space because social, economic, health and ecological factors are also spatially variable. Social vulnerability indices are attempts to create a relative ranking of vulnerability to a natural or anthropogenic hazard across space and have been widely ...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Snyder BF,Parks V

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Guthrie house: a rural community organizing for wellness.

    abstract::This paper is interested in the issue of community participation and empowerment in health care provision and decision-making. In Canada, the present scope for public involvement in planning or managing the state's health and social services system is limited. This poses a particular problem for rural communities--pla...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Halseth G,Williams A

    更新日期:1999-03-01 00:00:00

  • The association between blighted property remediation and domestic crime by alcohol availability.

    abstract::There is increasing evidence that place-based interventions reduce crime and interpersonal violence in urban settings. However, evidence concerning the impacts of these neighborhood interventions on domestic crime (crime between intimate partners, family, or household members) is inconclusive. We used data from a New ...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kajeepeta S,Theall KP,Kondo MC,Branas CC,Wallace ME,Jacoby SF,Morrison CN

    更新日期:2020-07-01 00:00:00

  • Syphilis and prostitution in the socio-medical geographies of Turkey's early republican provinces.

    abstract::During and after the Ottoman Empire's collapse, Turkey's fledgling public health and social services ministry sought to deal with the increasing prevalence of syphilis-especially in its rural communities. This article examines the emergence of state-led information collection in Turkey during the 1920s and early 1930s...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Evered KT,Evered EÖ

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • City-level gender differentials in the prevalence of dental caries and restorative dental treatment.

    abstract::This study assesses gender differentials in the distribution of dental caries and restorative treatment at the city level in order to discuss gender inequities in health. We retrieved data for caries prevalence and dental service utilisation by 11- and 12-year-old girls and boys in 131 towns in the state of São Paulo,...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Antunes JL,Junqueira SR,Frazão P,Bispo CM,Pegoretti T,Narvai PC

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • The association between the geography of fast food outlets and childhood obesity rates in Leeds, UK.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To analyse the association between childhood overweight and obesity and the density and proximity of fast food outlets in relation to the child's residential postcode. DESIGN:This was an observational study using individual level height/weight data and geographic information systems methodology. SETTING:Lee...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fraser LK,Edwards KL

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • National and subnational estimates of coverage and travel time to emergency obstetric care in Afghanistan: Modeling of spatial accessibility.

    abstract::In Afghanistan, the risk of maternal death is among the highest in the world, with wide variation across the country. One explanation may be wide geographic disparities in access and use of maternal health care services. This study describes the spatial distribution of public facilities providing maternal health care ...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim C,Tappis H,McDaniel P,Soroush MS,Fried B,Weinberger M,Trogdon JG,Kristen Hassmiller Lich,Delamater PL

    更新日期:2020-11-01 00:00:00

  • Modernisation, smoking and chronic disease: Of temporality and spatiality in global health.

    abstract::This article explores the spatio-temporal logics at work in global health. Influenced by ideas of time-space compression, the global health literature argues that the world is characterised by a convergence of disease patterns and biomedical knowledge. While not denying the influence of these temporalities and spatial...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Reubi D

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • An analysis of the regional differences in health care utilization in Italy.

    abstract::This paper focuses on the differences in regional expenditure on health care in the attempt to verify how equitable is the pattern of health care supply across the Italian regions and whether disparities are related to the existing socioeconomic imbalances, especially in terms of the North-South divide. The analysis h...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mangano A

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • Smoking in urban outdoor public places: Behaviour, experiences, and implications for public health.

    abstract::This paper identifies factors that influence where people smoke outdoors and examines the impact of smoking on people who use outdoor public places. Direct observations of smoking at 12 outdoor public places and semi-structured interviews with 35 non-smoking and smoking adults were used to gather information in Toront...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kaufman P,Griffin K,Cohen J,Perkins N,Ferrence R

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Stigmatization, HIV/AIDS, and communities of color: exploring response to human service facilities.

    abstract::HIV and AIDS are rapidly becoming leading causes of death for men and women in large cities across the US. Epidemiological data indicate that persons of color in particular have been disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS. The continuing growth in the incidence of HIV/AIDS among persons of color implies that human se...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Takahashi LM

    更新日期:1997-09-01 00:00:00

  • Making sense of 'gender': from global HIV/AIDS strategy to the local Cambodian ground.

    abstract::Interventions aiming to promote gender equality are a common feature of global HIV/AIDS policies. To develop effective interventions, it is important to understand how globally established concepts (e.g. 'gender') are (re)interpreted and legitimated locally. This paper examines what happens when the concept of 'gender...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Aveling EL

    更新日期:2012-05-01 00:00:00

  • Do hot spots of deprivation predict the rates of suicide within London boroughs?

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The ecological associations between suicide rates and different indices of deprivation within London have been investigated at least for half a century. In the present study, the association between rates of suicide with newly developed hot spots of deprivation index within London boroughs have been studie...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rezaeian M,Dunn G,St Leger S,Appleby L

    更新日期:2007-12-01 00:00:00

  • Is environmental setting associated with the intensity and duration of children's physical activity? Findings from the SPEEDY GPS study.

    abstract::Using a sample of English school children, we use accelerometery and global positioning systems to identify whether different intensities of activity (light, moderate, and vigorous) occur in different environments, and whether environments for bouts of moderate to vigorous activity (MVPA) vary from those for non-bout ...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Coombes E,van Sluijs E,Jones A

    更新日期:2013-03-01 00:00:00

  • State political cultures and the mortality of African Americans and American Indians.

    abstract:PURPOSE:To test the hypothesis that mortality of African Americans is responsive to political cultures of particular states in which they reside whereas mortality of American Indians is unrelated to the political culture of the state but associated instead with cultural differences and with differences in the history o...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kunitz SJ,McKee M,Nolte E

    更新日期:2010-05-01 00:00:00

  • Peruvian community health promoters: expanding the spaces of health voluntarism.

    abstract::This paper emphasises the importance of recognising the global South as a key site for understanding the patterning of geographies of health voluntarism. Feeding into a broader critique of neoliberal health and development policies, the paper explores what a case study of health promoters in a popular settlement in Li...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jenkins K

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Deep coal mining and meningococcal meningitis in England and Wales, 1931-38: Ecological study, with implications for deep shaft mining activities worldwide.

    abstract::The hypothesized role of deep coal mining in the development of community-based outbreaks of meningococcal meningitis has gone largely unexplored. Taking the coalfields of Britain as a historical testbed, techniques of linear and binomial logistic regression were used to assess the association between meningococcal me...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Smallman-Raynor MR,Cliff AD

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived neighborhood environmental attributes associated with adults' leisure-time physical activity: findings from Belgium, Australia and the USA.

    abstract::The study purpose was to examine the strength, direction and shape of the associations of environmental perceptions with recreational walking and leisure-time moderate-to-vigorous physical activity, using pooled data from four study sites (Baltimore [USA], Seattle [USA], Adelaide [Australia] and Ghent [Belgium]). More...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van Dyck D,Cerin E,Conway TL,De Bourdeaudhuij I,Owen N,Kerr J,Cardon G,Frank LD,Saelens BE,Sallis JF

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Has universal health insurance reduced socioeconomic inequalities in urban and rural health service use in Thailand?

    abstract::This study analyses urban and rural health service use before and after the introduction of the Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS). Using data from the Thai national health surveys of 2001 and 2005, the study utilises age-sex adjusted concentration indices to measure within-area differences in use of health services amon...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yiengprugsawan V,Carmichael GA,Lim LL,Seubsman SA,Sleigh AC

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Food safety vulnerability: Neighbourhood determinants of non-compliant establishments in England and Wales.

    abstract::This paper utilises logistic regression to identify ecological determinants of non-compliant food outlets in England and Wales. We consider socio-demographic, urbanness and business type features to better define vulnerable populations based on the characteristics of the area within which they live. We find a clear gr...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Oldroyd RA,Morris MA,Birkin M

    更新日期:2020-05-01 00:00:00

  • Pills in paradise: Exploring international lifestyle and retirement migrants' perceptions of the pharmaceutical sector on Cozumel Island, Mexico.

    abstract::International lifestyle and retirement migration is a growing phenomenon, yet little is known about migrants' experiences of health care in destination countries. This includes use of and access to pharmaceutical selling establishments. This article explores international lifestyle and retirement migrants' experiences...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hoffman L,Crooks VA,Snyder J

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • The role of nursing in governmentality, biopower and population health: family health nursing.

    abstract::The shift in health care focus towards an emphasis on population health gains via health promotion is now well established. One of the strategies that has been promoted as a means of better addressing the shortcomings in delivering health care that attends more specifically to preventative and promotion activities has...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thompson L

    更新日期:2008-03-01 00:00:00

  • Neighbourhood walkability and its particular importance for adults with a preference for passive transport.

    abstract::In this study, differences in physical activity between adults living in high versus low walkable neighbourhoods were examined. In Sint-Niklaas, Belgium, neighbourhood walkability was defined by geographical map data and observations. One high walkable and one low walkable neighbourhood were selected. A sample of 120 ...

    journal_title:Health & place

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Van Dyck D,Deforche B,Cardon G,De Bourdeaudhuij I

    更新日期:2009-06-01 00:00:00