Differential activation of CYP2C9 variants by dapsone.

Abstract:

:Studies have shown that CYP2C9.1 mediated metabolism of flurbiprofen or naproxen is activated by co-incubation with dapsone. However, dapsone activation has not been examined in the known variant forms of CYP2C9. Six concentrations of flurbiprofen (2-300microM) or naproxen (10-1800 microM) were co-incubated with six concentrations of dapsone (0-100 microM) and with reconstituted, purified CYP2C9.1, CYP2C9.2 (R144C), CYP2C9.3 (I359L), or CYP2C9.5 (D360E), in order to assess degrees of activation. Dapsone increased the efficiency (V(m)/K(m)) of flurbiprofen 4'-hydroxylation by CYP2C9.1, CYP2C9.2, CYP2C9.3, and CYP2C9.5 by 8-, 31-, 47-, and 22-fold, respectively. In similar experiments using the substrate naproxen, dapsone increased the efficiency of naproxen demethylation 7-, 15-, 13-, and 22-fold, in CYP2C9.1, CYP2C9.2, CYP2C9.3, and CYP2C9.5, respectively. Also, dapsone normalized naproxen's kinetic profile from biphasic (CYP2C9.1 and CYP2C9.2) or linear (CYP2C9.3 and CYP2C9.5) to hyperbolic for all variant forms. Thus, amino acid substitutions of CYP2C9 variants affect the degree of dapsone activation in a genotype-dependent fashion. Furthermore, the degree of effect noted across variants appeared to be dependent on the substrate studied.

journal_name

Biochem Pharmacol

journal_title

Biochemical pharmacology

authors

Hummel MA,Dickmann LJ,Rettie AE,Haining RL,Tracy TS

doi

10.1016/j.bcp.2004.01.017

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-05-15 00:00:00

pages

1831-41

issue

10

eissn

0006-2952

issn

1873-2968

pii

S0006295204000735

journal_volume

67

pub_type

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