Disaster Metrics: A Comprehensive Framework for Disaster Evaluation Typologies.


:Introduction The frequency of disasters is increasing around the world with more people being at risk. There is a moral imperative to improve the way in which disaster evaluations are undertaken and reported with the aim of reducing preventable mortality and morbidity in future events. Disasters are complex events and undertaking disaster evaluations is a specialized area of study at an international level. Hypothesis/Problem While some frameworks have been developed to support consistent disaster research and evaluation, they lack validation, consistent terminology, and standards for reporting across the different phases of a disaster. There is yet to be an agreed, comprehensive framework to structure disaster evaluation typologies. The aim of this paper is to outline an evolving comprehensive framework for disaster evaluation typologies. It is anticipated that this new framework will facilitate an agreement on identifying, structuring, and relating the various evaluations found in the disaster setting with a view to better understand the process, outcomes, and impacts of the effectiveness and efficiency of interventions. METHODS:Research was undertaken in two phases: (1) a scoping literature review (peer-reviewed and "grey literature") was undertaken to identify current evaluation frameworks and typologies used in the disaster setting; and (2) a structure was developed that included the range of typologies identified in Phase One and suggests possible relationships in the disaster setting. RESULTS:No core, unifying framework to structure disaster evaluation and research was identified in the literature. The authors propose a "Comprehensive Framework for Disaster Evaluation Typologies" that identifies, structures, and suggests relationships for the various typologies detected. CONCLUSION:The proposed Comprehensive Framework for Disaster Evaluation Typologies outlines the different typologies of disaster evaluations that were identified in this study and brings them together into a single framework. This unique, unifying framework has relevance at an international level and is expected to benefit the disaster, humanitarian, and development sectors. The next step is to undertake a validation process that will include international leaders with experience in evaluation, in general, and disasters specifically. This work promotes an environment for constructive dialogue on evaluations in the disaster setting to strengthen the evidence base for interventions across the disaster spectrum. It remains a work in progress. Wong DF , Spencer C , Boyd L , Burkle FM Jr. , Archer F . Disaster metrics: a comprehensive framework for disaster evaluation typologies. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2017;32(5):501-514.


Prehosp Disaster Med


Wong DF,Spencer C,Boyd L,Burkle FM,Archer F




Has Abstract


2017-10-01 00:00:00














  • Analyzing the impact of severe tropical cyclone Yasi on public health infrastructure and the management of noncommunicable diseases.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Traditionally, post disaster response activities have focused on immediate trauma and communicable diseases. In developed countries such as Australia, the post disaster risk for communicable disease is low. However, a "disease transition" is now recognized at the population level where noncommunicable dise...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Ryan BJ,Franklin RC,Burkle FM,Watt K,Aitken P,Smith EC,Leggat P

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Sharing international experiences in disasters: summary and action plan.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The discussions in this theme provided an opportunity to share specific experiences with disasters that occurred outside of the Asia-Pacific Rim. METHODS:Details of the methods used are provided in the preceding paper. The chairs moderated all presentations and produced a summary that was presented to an ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Andrews RA,Austin C,Brown R,Chen YZ,Engindeniz Z,Girouard R,Leaman P,Masellis M,Nakayama S,Polentsov YO,Suserud BO

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Outcomes of a Provincial Myocardial Infarction Reperfusion Strategy: A Population-Based, Retrospective Cohort Study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Fibrinolysis is an acceptable treatment for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) when primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) cannot be performed within 120 minutes. The American Heart Association has recommended Emergency Medical Services (EMS) interventions such as prehospital ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cook J,Carter A,Goldstein J,Travers A,Brown R,Swain J,Jensen J,Matheson K,Cain E,Lee T

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00

  • Being Both Helpers and Victims: Health Professionals' Experiences of Working During a Natural Disaster.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:In November 2013, the Haiyan typhoon hit parts of the Philippines. The typhoon caused severe damage to the medical facilities and many injuries and deaths. Health professionals have a crucial role in the immediate disaster response system, but knowledge of their experiences of working during and in the immed...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hugelius K,Adolfsson A,Örtenwall P,Gifford M

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Recommendations for Life-Supporting First-Aid training of the lay public for disaster preparedness.

    abstract::In catastrophic disasters such as major earthquakes in densely populated regions, effective Life-Supporting First-Aid (LSFA) and basic rescue can be administered to the injured by previously trained, uninjured survivors (co-victims). Administration of LSFA immediately after disaster strikes can add to the overall medi...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Angus DC,Pretto EA,Abrams JI,Safar P

    更新日期:1993-04-01 00:00:00

  • Prehospital management and fluid resuscitation in hypotensive trauma patients admitted to Karolinska University Hospital in Stockholm.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Few previous studies have been conducted on the prehospital management of hypotensive trauma patients in Stockholm County. The aim of this study was to describe the prehospital management of hypotensive trauma patients admitted to the largest trauma center in Sweden, and to assess whether prehospital traum...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Talving P,Pålstedt J,Riddez L

    更新日期:2005-07-01 00:00:00

  • Reliability of telecommunications systems following a major disaster: survey of secondary and tertiary emergency institutions in Miyagi Prefecture during the acute phase of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Telecommunication systems are important for sharing information among health institutions to successfully provide medical response following disasters. HYPOTHESIS/PROBLEM:The aim of this study was to clarify the problems associated with telecommunication systems in the acute phase of the Great East Japan ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kudo D,Furukawa H,Nakagawa A,Abe Y,Washio T,Arafune T,Sato D,Yamanouchi S,Ochi S,Tominaga T,Kushimoto S

    更新日期:2014-04-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of Bacterial Contamination on Prehospital Ambulances Before and After Disinfection.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The contamination of the environment, ambulance equipment, and staff hands consequently are major factors which create nosocomial infections in emergency patients. The contamination of equipment and devices plays an important role in nosocomial infections. OBJECTIVES:The aim of this study was to determine t...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Farhadloo R,Goodarzi Far J,Azadeh MR,Shams S,Parvaresh-Masoud M

    更新日期:2018-12-01 00:00:00

  • Pneumonia Prevention during a Humanitarian Emergency: Cost-effectiveness of Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Conjugate Vaccine and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Somalia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pneumonia is a leading cause of death among children less than five years old during humanitarian emergencies. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the leading causes of bacterial pneumonia. Vaccines for both of these pathogens are available to prevent pneumonia. Problem This ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gargano LM,Hajjeh R,Cookson ST

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Performance of First Aid Trained Staff using a Modified START Triage Tool at Achieving Appropriate Triage Compared to a Physiology-Based Triage Strategy at Australian Mass Gatherings.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Triage at mass gatherings in Australia is commonly performed by staff members with first aid training. There have been no evaluations of the performance of first aid staff with respect to diagnostic accuracy or identification of presentations requiring ambulance transport to hospital. HYPOTHESIS:It was hy...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Douglas N,Leverett J,Paul J,Gibson M,Pritchard J,Brouwer K,Edwards E,Carew J,Donovan J,Bourke E,Smith E

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Review of accidents/injuries among emergency medical services workers in Baltimore, Maryland.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To characterize the types of occupational exposures and injuries reported by emergency medical service (EMS) workers. METHODS:A blinded review of accidents/exposures among EMS workers employed by a Baltimore County fire department was conducted. Medical records for 1992 were reviewed. RESULTS:Two hundred a...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gershon RR,Vlahov D,Kelen G,Conrad B,Murphy L

    更新日期:1995-01-01 00:00:00

  • Trial of a survey instrument to establish the hurricane preparedness of and medical impact on a vulnerable, older population.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Millions of vulnerable, elderly individuals live in coastal areas susceptible to hurricanes and are at risk for adverse health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the status of preparedness for and possible health consequences of a hurricane on a vulnerable, but experienced, elderly popula...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cherniack EP,Sandals L,Brooks L,Mintzer MJ

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • Managing mild casualties in mass-casualty incidents: lessons learned from an aborted terrorist attack.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Mildly injured and "worried well" patients can have profound effects on the management of a mass-casualty incident. The objective of this study is to describe the characteristics and lessons learned from an event that occurred on 28 August 2005 near the central bus station in Beer-Sheva, Israel. The unique...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bloch YH,Leiba A,Veaacnin N,Paizer Y,Schwartz D,Kraskas A,Weiss G,Goldberg A,Bar-Dayan Y

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Earthquake-Related Orthopedic Injuries in Adult Population: A Systematic Review.

    abstract::Introduction Earthquake-related trauma results in crush injuries and bony- and soft-tissue trauma. There are no systematic reviews analyzing the typical injury patterns and treatments in "Mega-Mass-Casualty" earthquakes. The characterization of an injury pattern specific to disaster type, be it natural or manmade, is ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Bortolin M,Morelli I,Voskanyan A,Joyce NR,Ciottone GR

    更新日期:2017-04-01 00:00:00

  • Voluntary Health Registry of French Nationals after the Great East Japan Earthquake, Tsunami, and Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant Accident: Methods, Results, Implications, and Feedback.

    abstract:UNLABELLED:Introduction The 11th of March 2011, a magnitude 9.0 earthquake struck alongside the north-east coast of Honshu Island, Japan, causing a tsunami and a major nuclear accident. The French Institute for Public Health Surveillance (InVS) set up, within one week after the triple catastrophe, an Internet-based reg...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Motreff Y,Pirard P,Lagrée C,Roudier C,Empereur-Bissonnet P

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • The National Emergency Medical Service Role During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Sierra Leone.

    abstract::This report describes the main adaptive and transformative changes adopted by the brand-new National Emergency Medical Service (NEMS) to face the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Sierra Leone, including ambulance re-distribution, improvements in communication flow, implementation of ad-hoc procedures and t...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Caviglia M,Buson R,Pini S,Jambai A,Vandy MJ,Venturini F,Rosi P,Barone-Adesi F,Della Corte F,Ragazzoni L,Putoto G

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • The public health dimension of disasters--health outcome assessment of disasters.

    abstract::A broad range of health problems are related to disasters. Insight into these health problems is needed for targeted disaster management. Disaster health outcome assessment can provide insight into the health effects of disasters. During the 15th World Congress on Disaster and Emergency Medicine in Amsterdam (2007), e...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: van den Berg B,Grievink L,Gutschmidt K,Lang T,Palmer S,Ruijten M,Stumpel R,Yzermans J

    更新日期:2008-07-01 00:00:00

  • Mobile Versus Fixed Deployment of Automated External Defibrillators in Rural EMS.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:There is no consensus on where automated external defibrillators (AEDs) should be placed in rural communities to maximize impact on survival from cardiac arrest. In the community of Stokes County, North Carolina (USA) the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system promotes cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Nelson RD,Bozeman W,Collins G,Booe B,Baker T,Alson R

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Management of traumatic liver injuries without a valid trauma system.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Despite a global increase in conservative treatment of blunt liver injuries, the number of surgically treated traumas in one major trauma center in Iran has increased. The aim of this study was to unveil the reasons behind this increase in operative management by studying 228 consecutive patients at this r...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Khorram-Manesh A,Pourseidi B

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Disaster health education and training: a pilot questionnaire to understand current status.

    abstract::In October 2004, a World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM) Seminar was convened in Brusselsby the Education Committee to discuss Disaster Education and Training. During this seminar, it became apparent that there was no single tool available to assess knowledge, skills, and resources within this ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Murray V,Clifford J,Seynaeve G,Fisher JM

    更新日期:2006-05-01 00:00:00

  • Enhancing collaboration during humanitarian response: an interim report from stakeholders survey.

    abstract::The effectiveness of humanitarian response efforts has long been hampered by a lack of coordination among responding organizations. The need for increased coordination and collaboration, as well as the need to better understand experiences with coordination, were recognized by participants of a multilateral Working Gr...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Parmar S,Lobb A,Purdin S,McDonnell S

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Respiratory protection during simulated emergency pediatric life support: a randomized, controlled, crossover study.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Emergency pediatric life support (EPLS) of children infected with transmissible respiratory diseases requires adequate respiratory protection for medical first responders. Conventional air-purifying respirators (APR) and modern loose-fitting powered air-purifying respirator-hoods (PAPR-hood) may have a dif...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Schumacher J,Gray SA,Michel S,Alcock R,Brinker A

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal Emergency Medical Technician Attributes and Demographic Study (LEADS) Design and Methodology.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study is to describe the Longitudinal Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Attributes and Demographic Study (LEADS) design, instrument development, pilot testing, sampling procedures, and data collection methodology. Response rates are provided, along with results of follow-up surveys of ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Levine R

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Spinal Immobilization in Disasters: A Systematic Review.

    abstract::In response to the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR; Niel, Belgium) release of an updated recommendation related to out-of-hospital spinal immobilization (SI) practice in 2015, a systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cuthbertson JL,Weinstein ES

    更新日期:2020-08-01 00:00:00

  • Smallpox, risks of terrorist attacks, and the Nash equilibrium: an introduction to game theory and an examination of the smallpox vaccination program.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The smallpox vaccination emergency preparedness program has been unsuccessful in enrolling sufficient numbers of healthcare workers. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to use game theory to analyze a pre-event vaccination versus post-event vaccination program using the example of a terrorist consid...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Hamilton R,McCain R

    更新日期:2009-05-01 00:00:00

  • An analysis of prehospital mortality in an earthquake. Disaster Reanimatology Study Group.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Anecdotal observations about prehospital emergency medical care in major natural and human-made disasters, such as earthquakes, have suggested that some injured victims survive the initial impact, but eventually die because of a delay in the application of life-saving medical therapy. METHODS:A multidisci...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Pretto EA,Angus DC,Abrams JI,Shen B,Bissell R,Ruiz Castro VM,Sawyers R,Watoh Y,Ceciliano N,Ricci E

    更新日期:1994-04-01 00:00:00

  • Use of alternate healthcare facilities as alternate transport destinations during a mass-casualty incident.

    abstract::The purpose of this discussion is to review the use of destinations other than the hospital emergency department, to transport patients injured as a result of a mass-casualty incident (MCI). A MCI has the ability to overwhelm traditional hospital resources normally thought of as appropriate destinations for the transp...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Glassman ES,Parrillo SJ

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • A qualitative and quantitative study of the surgical and rehabilitation response to the earthquake in Haiti, January 2010.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:The disaster response environment in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake represented a complex healthcare challenge. This study was designed to identify challenges during the Haiti disaster response. METHODS:Qualitative and quantitative study of injured patients carried out six months after the January 2010...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Redmond AD,Mardel S,Taithe B,Calvot T,Gosney J,Duttine A,Girois S

    更新日期:2011-12-01 00:00:00

  • Disaster Impact on Impoverished Area of US: An Inter-Professional Mixed Method Study.

    abstract::Introduction In the foothills of the Cumberland Mountains, in central Appalachia (a region that spans 13 states in the US), sits an economically distressed and rural community of the United States. Once a thriving coal-mining area, this region now is reported as one of the hardest places to live in the US. Southeaster...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Banks LH,Davenport LA,Hayes MH,McArthur MA,Toro SN,King CE,Vazirani HM

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Misconception as a barrier to teaching about disasters.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:This paper is a report on an exercise designed to reveal the extent of belief in the common myths about disasters held by members of four groups of students from the University of Massachusetts and three groups of trainee emergency workers from Italy. METHODS:A questionnaire was administered in which stud...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alexander DE

    更新日期:2007-03-01 00:00:00