Deaths due to Intentional Explosions in Selected Governorates of Iraq from 2010 to 2013: Prospective Surveillance.


INTRODUCTION:The aim of this study was to describe the most recent trends and epidemiologic patterns of fatal injuries resulting from explosions in Iraq, one of the countries most affected by violence from explosive devices. METHODS:Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH) routine prospective injury surveillance collects information on all fatal injuries recorded by coroners from physical examinations, police reports, and family members in eight governorates of Iraq: Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya. This study analyzed explosive-related fatal injuries that occurred from January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2013. RESULTS:Analysis included 2,803 fatal injuries. The number of fatal injuries declined from 2010 through 2012, followed by an increase in 2013. One-thousand one-hundred and one explosion-related fatalities were documented in 2013, more than twice as many as in 2012 or in 2011. Most fatalities were among men aged 20-39 years. Of all causalities, 194 (6.9%) were among females and 302 (10.8%) were among children aged less than 18 years. The majority of fatalities were caused by improvised explosive devices (IEDs): car bombs (15.3%), suicide bombs (4.0%), and other IEDs (29.6%). The highest number of fatalities occurred in streets and roads. Of all deaths, 95.6% occurred in three governorates: Baghdad, Ninevah, and Al-Anbar. CONCLUSIONS:Explosives continue to result in a high number of fatal injuries in Iraq. Following a period of declining violence from explosives, in 2013, fatalities increased. Most explosion-related injuries resulted from IEDs; males aged 20-39 years were at greatest risk.


Prehosp Disaster Med


Bilukha OO,Leidman EZ,Sultan AS,Jaffar Hussain S




Has Abstract


2015-12-01 00:00:00














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    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Triage at mass gatherings in Australia is commonly performed by staff members with first aid training. There have been no evaluations of the performance of first aid staff with respect to diagnostic accuracy or identification of presentations requiring ambulance transport to hospital. HYPOTHESIS:It was hy...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

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    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Effects on local emergency departments of large-scale urban chemical fire with hazardous materials spill.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:On 18 July 2001, a train hauling hazardous materials, including hydrochloric acid, hydrofluoric acid, and acetic acid, derailed in the city of Baltimore, Maryland, resulting in a fire that burned under a downtown street for five days. Firefighters were stymied in their efforts to extinguish the fire, and t...

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    authors: Hsu EB,Grabowski JG,Chotani RA,Winslow JA,Alves DW,VanRooyen MJ

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  • Spinal Immobilization in Disasters: A Systematic Review.

    abstract::In response to the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR; Niel, Belgium) release of an updated recommendation related to out-of-hospital spinal immobilization (SI) practice in 2015, a systematic review was conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (...

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    authors: Cuthbertson JL,Weinstein ES

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  • Barriers to Disaster Coordination: Health Sector Coordination in Banda Aceh following the South Asia Tsunami.

    abstract::Ecological disasters impact large populations every year, and hundreds of nongovernmental organizations, thousands of aid workers, and billions of dollars are sent in response. Yet, there have been recurring problems with coordination, leading to wasted efforts and funds. The humanitarian response to the December 2004...

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • Adverse events during interfacility transfers by ground advanced life support services.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify risk factors for adverse events that occur during interfacility transfers by advanced life support (ALS). DESIGN:A four-year, retrospective, case series. SETTING:Three ALS units in a rural/suburban emergency medical services (EMS) system. PARTICIPANTS:351 transports to or from twelve acute care...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    更新日期:1994-01-01 00:00:00

  • Poison control centers' role in glow product-related outbreak detection: implications for comprehensive surveillance system.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The development of syndromic surveillance systems to detect bioterrorist attacks and emerging infectious diseases has become an important and challenging goal to many governmental agencies and healthcare authorities. This study utilized the sharp increase of glow product-related calls to demonstrate the ut...

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  • Surgery under extreme conditions in the aftermath of the 2010 Haiti earthquake: the importance of regional anesthesia.

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    pub_type: 杂志文章


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    authors: Usher K,Brown LH,Buettner P,Glass B,Boon H,West C,Grasso J,Chamberlain-Salaun J,Woods C

    更新日期:2012-12-01 00:00:00

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    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

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    authors: Husum H,Olsen T,Murad M,Heng YV,Wisborg T,Gilbert M

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    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


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    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

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    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Accountability in the delivery of humanitarian aid has become increasingly important and emphasized by the humanitarian community. The Humanitarian Accountability Partnership (HAP) was created in 2003 in order to improve accountability in the humanitarian sector. HAP acts as a self-regulatory body to the h...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

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    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

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    authors: Chng CL,Collins J,Eaddy S

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    authors: Redmond AD,Mardel S,Taithe B,Calvot T,Gosney J,Duttine A,Girois S

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    authors: Yitzhak A,Merin O,Halevy J,Tarif B

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  • Disaster and terrorism: Cognitive-Behavioral interventions.

    abstract::The mental health effects of disaster and terrorism have moved to the forefront in the recent past following the events of 11 September 2001 in the United States. Although there has been a protracted history by mental health researchers and practitioners to study, understand, prevent, and treat mental health problems ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

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    authors: Walser RD,Ruzek JI,Naugle AE,Padesky C,Ronell DM,Ruggiero K

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    authors: Bremer A,Dahlberg K,Sandman L

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    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

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    authors: Oyegbite K

    更新日期:2005-11-01 00:00:00

  • Safety and Efficacy of an On-Site Intensive Treatment Protocol for Mild and Moderate Sympathomimetic Toxicity at Australian Music Festivals.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Serotonin and sympathomimetic toxicity (SST) after ingestion of amphetamine-based drugs can lead to severe morbidity and death. There have been evaluations of the safety and efficacy of on-site treatment protocols for SST at music festivals. PROBLEM:The study aimed to examine the safety and efficacy of tr...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

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    authors: Douglas N,Carew J,Johnson D,Green M,Wilson N,Donovan J,Mulherin T,Holbery-Morgan L,Bourke E,Smith E

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    abstract:INTRODUCTION:The number of deaths due to trauma from road traffic accidents (RTAs), and from the use of firearms either for homicide or armed robbery, ethnic conflicts, and other events, such as flooding, explosions from petroleum products, and religious violence, is on the rise in Nigeria. This preliminary study is a ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

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    authors: Ehikhamenor EE,Ojo MA

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • When pressure is positive: a literature review of the prehospital use of continuous positive airway pressure.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Heart failure poses a significant burden of disease, resulting in 2,658 Australian deaths in 2008, and listed as an associated cause of death in a further 14,466 cases. Common in the hospital setting, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy is a non-invasive ventilation technique used to prevent a...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Williams B,Boyle M,Robertson N,Giddings C

    更新日期:2013-02-01 00:00:00

  • Methodological Challenges in Studies Comparing Prehospital Advanced Life Support with Basic Life Support.

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    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Li T,Jones CMC,Shah MN,Cushman JT,Jusko TA

    更新日期:2017-08-01 00:00:00

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    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Preobrazhenskiĭ VN,Matveev AA

    更新日期:1999-07-01 00:00:00

  • Outcomes of a Provincial Myocardial Infarction Reperfusion Strategy: A Population-Based, Retrospective Cohort Study.

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    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cook J,Carter A,Goldstein J,Travers A,Brown R,Swain J,Jensen J,Matheson K,Cain E,Lee T

    更新日期:2020-10-01 00:00:00