Deaths due to Intentional Explosions in Selected Governorates of Iraq from 2010 to 2013: Prospective Surveillance.

Abstract:

INTRODUCTION:The aim of this study was to describe the most recent trends and epidemiologic patterns of fatal injuries resulting from explosions in Iraq, one of the countries most affected by violence from explosive devices. METHODS:Iraqi Ministry of Health (MoH) routine prospective injury surveillance collects information on all fatal injuries recorded by coroners from physical examinations, police reports, and family members in eight governorates of Iraq: Baghdad, Al-Anbar, Basrah, Erbil, Kerbala, Maysan, Ninevah, and Al-Sulaimaniya. This study analyzed explosive-related fatal injuries that occurred from January 1, 2010 through December 31, 2013. RESULTS:Analysis included 2,803 fatal injuries. The number of fatal injuries declined from 2010 through 2012, followed by an increase in 2013. One-thousand one-hundred and one explosion-related fatalities were documented in 2013, more than twice as many as in 2012 or in 2011. Most fatalities were among men aged 20-39 years. Of all causalities, 194 (6.9%) were among females and 302 (10.8%) were among children aged less than 18 years. The majority of fatalities were caused by improvised explosive devices (IEDs): car bombs (15.3%), suicide bombs (4.0%), and other IEDs (29.6%). The highest number of fatalities occurred in streets and roads. Of all deaths, 95.6% occurred in three governorates: Baghdad, Ninevah, and Al-Anbar. CONCLUSIONS:Explosives continue to result in a high number of fatal injuries in Iraq. Following a period of declining violence from explosives, in 2013, fatalities increased. Most explosion-related injuries resulted from IEDs; males aged 20-39 years were at greatest risk.

journal_name

Prehosp Disaster Med

authors

Bilukha OO,Leidman EZ,Sultan AS,Jaffar Hussain S

doi

10.1017/S1049023X15005300

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-12-01 00:00:00

pages

586-92

issue

6

eissn

1049-023X

issn

1945-1938

pii

S1049023X15005300

journal_volume

30

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Diagnosis according to time of arrival at "The Great New York State Fair".

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the diagnoses of patients presenting to a medical facility within a mass-gathering public event, "The Great New York State Fair" (NYSF) based on chief complaints, diagnoses, and time of arrival. The goal of the study was to assess the need for increased staffing, services, or supplies during certain ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X13009187

    authors: Nacca K,Scott J,Grant W

    更新日期:2014-02-01 00:00:00

  • Trial of a survey instrument to establish the hurricane preparedness of and medical impact on a vulnerable, older population.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Millions of vulnerable, elderly individuals live in coastal areas susceptible to hurricanes and are at risk for adverse health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to determine the status of preparedness for and possible health consequences of a hurricane on a vulnerable, but experienced, elderly popula...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Cherniack EP,Sandals L,Brooks L,Mintzer MJ

    更新日期:2008-05-01 00:00:00

  • The incident command system in disasters: evaluation methods for a hospital-based exercise.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:No universally accepted methods for objective evaluation of the function of the Incident Command System (ICS) in disaster exercises currently exist. An ICS evaluation method for disaster simulations was derived and piloted. METHODS:A comprehensive variable list for ICS function was created and four distinct...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00002090

    authors: Thomas TL,Hsu EB,Kim HK,Colli S,Arana G,Green GB

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • Analyzing the impact of severe tropical cyclone Yasi on public health infrastructure and the management of noncommunicable diseases.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Traditionally, post disaster response activities have focused on immediate trauma and communicable diseases. In developed countries such as Australia, the post disaster risk for communicable disease is low. However, a "disease transition" is now recognized at the population level where noncommunicable dise...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X1400137X

    authors: Ryan BJ,Franklin RC,Burkle FM,Watt K,Aitken P,Smith EC,Leggat P

    更新日期:2015-02-01 00:00:00

  • Longitudinal Emergency Medical Technician Attributes and Demographic Study (LEADS) Design and Methodology.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The objective of this study is to describe the Longitudinal Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Attributes and Demographic Study (LEADS) design, instrument development, pilot testing, sampling procedures, and data collection methodology. Response rates are provided, along with results of follow-up surveys of ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X16001059

    authors: Levine R

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Airway Clearance Using Suction Devices in Prehospital Combat Casualty Care: A Systematic Review.

    abstract::Airway management is at the forefront for combat medics dealing with battlefield trauma. For military service members, compromised airways are the second leading cause of potentially survivable death on the battlefield, accounting for one in ten preventable combat deaths. Effective suction is a critical component of a...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X20001065

    authors: Jain P,Akhter F,Schoppe A,Hood RL,De Lorenzo RA

    更新日期:2020-12-01 00:00:00

  • Profile of emergency medical dispatch calls for breathing problems within the medical priority dispatch system protocol.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:A common chief complaint to emergency dispatch communication centers worldwide is "breathing problems". The chief complaint of breathing problems represents a wide spectrum of underlying diseases, patient conditions, and onset types. The current debate is on the potential ability of a dispatch protocol to ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00006142

    authors: Clawson J,Olola C,Heward A,Patterson B,Scott G

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Training healthcare personnel for mass-casualty incidents in a virtual emergency department: VED II.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Training emergency personnel on the clinical management of a mass-casualty incident (MCI) with prior chemical, biological, radioactive, nuclear, or explosives (CBRNE) -exposed patients is a component of hospital preparedness procedures. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this research was to determine whether a V...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00008505

    authors: Heinrichs WL,Youngblood P,Harter P,Kusumoto L,Dev P

    更新日期:2010-09-01 00:00:00

  • Barriers to Disaster Coordination: Health Sector Coordination in Banda Aceh following the South Asia Tsunami.

    abstract::Ecological disasters impact large populations every year, and hundreds of nongovernmental organizations, thousands of aid workers, and billions of dollars are sent in response. Yet, there have been recurring problems with coordination, leading to wasted efforts and funds. The humanitarian response to the December 2004...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Zoraster RM

    更新日期:2006-02-01 00:00:00

  • A Descriptive Analysis of Traction Splint Utilization and IV Analgesia by Emergency Medical Services.

    abstract::Study Objectives Traction splinting has been the prehospital treatment of midshaft femur fracture as early as the battlefield of the First World War (1914-1918). This study is the assessment of these injuries and the utilization of a traction splint (TS) in blunt and penetrating trauma, as well as intravenous (IV) ana...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X17006859

    authors: Nackenson J,Baez AA,Meizoso JP

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Post-war Kosovo: Part 3. Development and rehabilitation of emergency services.

    abstract::The recent crisis in Kosovo led to nearly complete destruction of a healthcare system serving the needs of approximately 2 million people. Even prior to the crisis, the pre-existing healthcare system had inadequate provisions for the delivery of Emergency Medical Services. More than 440 diverse governmental and non-go...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00043429

    authors: Lis J,Eliades MJ,Benishi D,Koci B,Gettle D,VanRooyen MJ

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • The Effect of Older Age on EMS Use for Transportation to an Emergency Department.

    abstract::Introduction Previous studies have found that older adults are more likely to use Emergency Medical Services (EMS) than younger adults, but the reasons for this remain understudied. Hypothesis/Problem This study aimed to determine if older age is associated with using EMS for transportation to an emergency department ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X17000036

    authors: Jones CMC,Wasserman EB,Li T,Amidon A,Abbott M,Shah MN

    更新日期:2017-06-01 00:00:00

  • Mass-gathering Medicine: Risks and Patient Presentations at a 2-day Electronic Dance Music Event - Year Two.

    abstract::Turris SA , Camporese M , Gutman SJ , Lund A . Mass-gathering medicine: risks and patient presentations at a 2-day electronic dance music event - year two. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(6):687-688. ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X16000856

    authors: Turris SA,Camporese M,Gutman SJ,Lund A

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Anaphylactoid reaction to adenosine.

    abstract::Adenosine (Adenocard) is an endogenous purine nucleoside that has been approved recently for intravenous treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. With a serum half-life of 10 seconds, reported side effects including facial flushing, dyspnea, and chest pressure are common, but very transient. An elderly wo...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00042849

    authors: Fata JG,Roth RN,Carpenter L

    更新日期:1996-04-01 00:00:00

  • Mobile Versus Fixed Deployment of Automated External Defibrillators in Rural EMS.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:There is no consensus on where automated external defibrillators (AEDs) should be placed in rural communities to maximize impact on survival from cardiac arrest. In the community of Stokes County, North Carolina (USA) the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) system promotes cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X1500014X

    authors: Nelson RD,Bozeman W,Collins G,Booe B,Baker T,Alson R

    更新日期:2015-04-01 00:00:00

  • Global Characteristics of Chemical, Biological, and Radiological Poison Use in Terrorist Attacks.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Chemical, biological, and radiological (CBR) terrorism continues to be a global threat. Studies examining global and historical toxicological characteristics of CBR terrorism are lacking. METHODS:Global Terrorism Database (GTD) and RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents (RDWTI) were searched for CBR...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X20000394

    authors: Aydin B

    更新日期:2020-06-01 00:00:00

  • February 2009 airplane crash at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport: an overview of injuries and patient distribution.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to describe the injuries and distribution of casualties resulting from the crash of Turkish Airlines flight TK 1951 near Schiphol Airport in the Netherlands on 25 of February 2009. METHODS:This was a retrospective, descriptive study. Based on a review of the hospital records f...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X11006467

    authors: Postma IL,Winkelhagen J,Bloemers FW,Heetveld MJ,Bijlsma TS,Goslings JC,MOTAC study group.

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • KAMEDO report no. 87: bomb attack in Finnish shopping center, 2002.

    abstract::The detonation of a bomb in a shopping center in Vantaa, Finland, took place on 11 October 2002. Seven people died as a result and > 160 people required medical attention. Because the rescue teams were inadequately trained to respond to terrorist attacks, the event was handled according to protocol. A number of proble...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00004404

    authors: Deverell E,Ortenwall P,Almgren O,Riddez L

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Lung function during hoist rescue operations.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:A case is presented in which a 43-year-old man suffering from a severe asthma attack, had ventilatory arrest during a hoisting procedure. Based on this experience, the influence of three hoisting techniques on lung function was tested. METHODS:The ventilatory capacity of 12 healthy volunteers was tested d...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Haagensen RE,Sjöborg KA,Mjelstad S,Steen PA

    更新日期:1998-01-01 00:00:00

  • An Observational Study Using English Syndromic Surveillance Data Collected During the 2012 London Olympics - What did Syndromic Surveillance Show and What Can We Learn for Future Mass-gathering Events?

    abstract::Introduction In preparation for the London 2012 Olympic Games, existing syndromic surveillance systems operating in England were expanded to include daily general practitioner (GP) out-of-hours (OOH) contacts and emergency department (ED) attendances at sentinel sites (the GP OOH and ED syndromic surveillance systems:...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X16000923

    authors: Todkill D,Hughes HE,Elliot AJ,Morbey RA,Edeghere O,Harcourt S,Hughes T,Endericks T,McCloskey B,Catchpole M,Ibbotson S,Smith G

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Adenosine for the treatment of PSVT in the prehospital arena: efficacy of an initial 6 mg dosing regimen.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To confirm the efficacy of prehospital administration of adenosine, using a 6 milligram (mg) initial dosing regimen, for the treatment of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia (PSVT). METHODS:Urban, suburban, rural emergency medical services (EMS) system in Clark County, Washington with advanced life suppo...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章

    doi:

    authors: Wittwer LK,Muhr MD

    更新日期:1997-07-01 00:00:00

  • The Asian Tsunami: PAHO disaster guidelines in action in India.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:On 26 December 2004, an earthquake (9.0 Richter, 10 kilometers below the sea) near Sumatra, Indonesia, triggered a tsunami, which traveled at approximately 800 km per hour to strike the Indian coastline. The disaster response at a 100-bed hospital situated on the beach front (2,028 km from the epicenter) i...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00003939

    authors: Roy N

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Does basic life support in a rural EMS system influence the outcome of patients with respiratory distress?

    abstract:PURPOSE:The purpose of this study was to determine whether basic life support, prehospital emergency medical care in a rural area affects the hospital course of patients with respiratory distress. METHODS:Medical records for patients admitted from the emergency department with a discharge diagnosis related to respirat...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00043144

    authors: Brown LH,Prasad NH,Whitley TW,Benson NH,Corlette A

    更新日期:1996-10-01 00:00:00

  • Terrorism in Indonesia.

    abstract::Indonesia has had its share of natural and manmade disasters. From 1997 to 2002, Indonesia has experienced 90 incidents of terrorist bomb attacks. In 13 (14.4%) of the terrorist attacks, the bombs did not explode. A total of 224 persons have been killed, and 340 persons have been injured. Most of those killed or injur...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00000832

    authors: Pusponegoro AD

    更新日期:2003-04-01 00:00:00

  • Hospitalization rates among dialysis patients during Hurricane Katrina.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Dialysis centers struggled to maintain continuity of care for dialysis patients during and immediately following Hurricane Katrina's landfall on the US Gulf Coast in August 2005. However, the impact on patient health and service use is unclear. PROBLEM:The impact of Hurricane Katrina on hospitalization ra...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X12000945

    authors: Howard D,Zhang R,Huang Y,Kutner N

    更新日期:2012-08-01 00:00:00

  • Increased depression and readmission risk in patients with new-onset angina after the Sichuan earthquake.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:Earthquake exposure has been associated with adverse consequences for coronary heart disease. However, the natural history and prognostic significance of earthquake-related, new-onset angina have not been characterized. OBJECTIVE:The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between episodes...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X11006509

    authors: Kai-sen H,Qi W,Ping L,Ding-xiu H,Shu-yin W,You-gen Z,Fang-ming Z,Ying-de K,Xiao-jian D

    更新日期:2011-08-01 00:00:00

  • Retrospective Analysis of Mosh-Pit-Related Injuries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Moshing is a violent form of dancing found world-wide at rock concerts, festivals, and electronic dance music events. It involves crowd surfing, shoving, and moving in a circular rotation. Moshing is a source of increased morbidity and mortality. The goal of this study was to report epidemiologic information...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X17006689

    authors: Milsten AM,Tennyson J,Weisberg S

    更新日期:2017-12-01 00:00:00

  • Pneumonia Prevention during a Humanitarian Emergency: Cost-effectiveness of Haemophilus Influenzae Type B Conjugate Vaccine and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine in Somalia.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Pneumonia is a leading cause of death among children less than five years old during humanitarian emergencies. Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the leading causes of bacterial pneumonia. Vaccines for both of these pathogens are available to prevent pneumonia. Problem This ...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/S1049023X15004781

    authors: Gargano LM,Hajjeh R,Cookson ST

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Enhancing the quality of humanitarian assistance: taking stock and future initiatives.

    abstract::During the last five years, the debate on the performance of humanitarian assistance has intensified. The motivation to "do better" has come both from within the humanitarian agencies as well as from pressure exerted by the donors and the media. Paradoxically, until now, the voice of those who are to benefit from this...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x00043326

    authors: Griekspoor A,Sondorp E

    更新日期:2001-10-01 00:00:00

  • Post-disaster recovery: a case study of human resource deployment in the health sector in post-conflict Kosovo.

    abstract:INTRODUCTION:A professional understanding of disasters, paired with the need for health service development, can provide opportunities for the recovery and improvement of the health sector. Investment in training capacity ranks among the top priorities of a recovering health sector. The recovery and development of prim...

    journal_title:Prehospital and disaster medicine

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1017/s1049023x10000051

    authors: O'Hanlon KP,Budosan B

    更新日期:2011-02-01 00:00:00