Correlation of outcome measures with epidemiological factors in thoracolumbar spinal trauma.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:The epidemiological data of a given population on spinal trauma in India is lacking. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the profile of patients with thoracolumbar fractures in a tertiary care hospital in an urban setup. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Four hundred forty patients with thoracolumbar spinal injuries admitted from January 1990 to May 2000 to the All India Institute of Medical Sciences were included in the analysis. Both retrospective data retrieval and prospective data evaluation of patients were done from January 1998 to May 2000. Epidemiological factors like age, sex and type of injury, mode of transport, time of reporting and number of transfers before admission were recorded. Frankel's grading was used to assess neurological status. Functional assessment of all patients was done using the FIM™ instrument (Functional Independence Measure). Average followup was 33 months (24-41 months). RESULTS:Of the 440 patients, females comprised 17.95% (n=79), while 82.04% (n=361) were males. As many as 40.9% (n=180) of them were in the third decade. Fall from height remained the most common cause (n=230, 52.3%). Two hundred sixty (59.1%) patients reported within 48 hours. Thirty-two (7.27%) patients had single transfer, and all 32 showed complete independence for mobility at final followup. 100 of 260 (38.5%) patients reporting within 48 hours developed pressure sores, while 114 of 142 (80.28%) patients reporting after 5 days developed pressure sores. CONCLUSION:The present study highlights the magnitude of the problems of our trauma-care and transport system and the difference an effective system can make in the care of spinal injury patients. There is an urgent need for epidemiological data on a larger scale to emphasize the need for a better trauma-care system and pave way for adaptation of well-established trauma-care systems from developed countries.

journal_name

Indian J Orthop

authors

Upendra B,Mahesh B,Sharma L,Khandwal P,Ahmed A,Chowdhury B,Jayaswal A

doi

10.4103/0019-5413.36989

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2007-10-01 00:00:00

pages

290-4

issue

4

eissn

0019-5413

issn

1998-3727

journal_volume

41

pub_type

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