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论文中Title常见错误及常见Title类型

2018.10.23 15:38
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   论文中Title常见错误及常见Title类型:

   一、常见错误 Common mistakes in the title:

  1. Unnecessary words(词语冗余)

  误:The Use of MR for Microimaging of Benign and Malignant Nodes in the Necks of Patients

  正:MR Microimaging of Benign and Malignant Nodes in the Neck

  分析:正句比误句简洁明了。误句中使用了一些不必要的词,如“The Use of”, “of Patients”.

  

       2. Noun clusters(名词堆叠)

  误:Electro-acupuncture therapy enhances injured spinal cord tissue neurotrophine-3 content and promotes transplanted neural stem cells survival and immigration in rat spinal cord injury

  正:Electro-acupuncture enhances the content of neurotrophine-3 and promotes the survival and immigration of transplanted neural stem cells in injured rat spinal cord tissue

  分析:误句是作者为追求简洁而将过多用于修饰的名词堆叠在一起,从而导致标题意思不清楚,增加读者理解困难。

  

      3. Misplaced modifiers(错位修饰语)

  Misplaced: Mechanism of Suppression of Nontransmissible Pneumonia in Mice Induced by Newcastle Disease Virus

  Comment: “Unless this author had somehow managed to demonstrate spontaneous generation, it must have been the pneumonia that was induced and not the mice.”

  Corrected: Mechanism of Suppression of Nontransmissible Pneumonia Induced in Mice by Newcastle Disease Virus

  Analysis:误句的错误在于中心词的后置修饰语位置错误,导致标题意思改变。

  Misplaced: Isolation of Antigens from Monkeys Using Complement-Fixation Techniques.

  Comment:What or who is using complement-fixation techniques, “isolation of antigens”, “monkeys” or … ? Adjectives(especially the “using” participles) should be near to the words they modify.

  Corrected: Isolation of Antigens from Monkeys with Complement-Fixation Techniques.

  

      二、 标题类型 Types of Titles:

  1. Main Title(正标题)

  2. Running Title(页眉标题)

  Definition: the short form of the paper’s title

  Place: at the top of every page or every other page of a journal article

  Purpose: to help the reader to find a specific article or to catch the reader’s attention when the reader is just browsing through the journal pages

  Running Title(页眉标题)

  例 1: 正式标题:Family-Based Association Study Showing that Immunoglobulin A Nephropathy Is Associated with

  the Polymorphisms 2093C and 2180T in the 3' Untranslated Region of the Megsin Gene

  页眉标题:IgAN and Megsin Gene Polymorphisms

  例 2: 正式标题:Metabolic Effects of a Growth Hormone– Releasing Factor in Patients with HIV

  页眉标题:Effects of Tesamorelin in Patients with HIV

  3. Series Title(序号标题): the main title-subtitle given to series papers which relate to each other closely

  例: Bacteria. IV. Cell Wall of Staphylococcus aureus

  4. Subtitle/Hanging Title --- same as a series title except that a colon substitutes for the main numeral

  例 1:Catastrophic Volcanic Collapse: Relation to Hydrothermal Process (Science 260:1794,1993)

  例 2:Intratumoral Immunotherapy: Using the Tumor against Itself


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