Pathways between under/unemployment and health among racialized immigrant women in Toronto.


OBJECTIVE:We sought to document pathways between under/unemployment and health among racialized immigrant women in Toronto while exploring the ways in which gender, class, migration and racialization, as interlocking systems of social relations, structure these relationships. DESIGN:We conducted 30 interviews with racialized immigrant women who were struggling to get stable employment that matched their education and/or experience. Participants were recruited through flyers, partner agencies and peer researcher networks. Most interviews (21) were conducted in a language other than English. Interviews were transcribed, translated as appropriate and analyzed using NVivo software. The project followed a community-based participatory action research model. RESULTS:Under/unemployment negatively impacted the physical and mental health of participants and their families. It did so directly, for example through social isolation, as well as indirectly through representation in poor quality jobs. Under/unemployment additionally led to the intensification of job search strategies and of the household/caregiving workload which also negatively impacted health. Health problems, in turn, contributed to pushing participants into long-term substandard employment trajectories. Participants' experiences were heavily structured by their social location as low income racialized immigrant women. CONCLUSIONS:Our study provides needed qualitative evidence on the gendered and racialized dimensions of under/unemployment, and adverse health impacts resulting from this. Drawing on intersectional analysis, we unpack the role that social location plays in creating highly uneven patterns of under/unemployment and negative health pathways for racialized immigrant women. We discuss equity informed strategies to help racialized immigrant women overcome barriers to stable work that match their education and/or experience.


Ethn Health


Ethnicity & health


Premji S,Shakya Y




Has Abstract


2017-02-01 00:00:00












  • Patient ethnicity and perceptions of families and friends regarding depression treatment.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Black Americans are less likely than white Americans to seek professional treatment for depression. Whether treatment recommendations are sought and implemented by patients will be influenced by the role families and friends play in diagnostic acceptance and treatment decisions. We investigated the associatio...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bogner H,Dobransky LN,Wittink MN

    更新日期:2008-11-01 00:00:00

  • Black, White, Black and White: mixed race and health in Canada.

    abstract::Objectives: To document inequalities in hypertension, self-rated health, and self-rated mental health between Canadian adults who identify as Black, White, or Black and White and determine whether differences in educational attainment and household income explain them. Design: The dataset was comprised of ten cycles (...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Veenstra G

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • Health-related quality of life for rural American Indians in New Mexico.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine health-related quality of life for rural American Indians using an economical telephone surveillance system. DESIGN:We interviewed 618 American Indians by telephone about health-related quality of life using an adaptation of the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System questionnaire. RESULTS...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gilliland FD,Mahler R,Davis SM

    更新日期:1998-08-01 00:00:00

  • The relation of ethnic identification with cigarette smoking among US urban African American and Latino youth: a pilot study.

    abstract::Primarily African American and Latino seventh graders (N = 545) attending health and science classes at three urban Southern California junior high schools were administered a 13-item ethnic identification assessment during one class period, to investigate the relationship between ethnic identification and tobacco use...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Parker V,Sussman S,Crippens D,Elder P,Scholl D

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • Public and private health insurance of US foreign-born residents: implications of the 1996 welfare reform law.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:US policy towards immigrants is undergoing considerable change, often in the absence of objective data. In this paper, the insurance status of the US foreign-born population is presented overall and disaggregated by race, ethnicity and length of residence in the USA. DESIGN:Data from the National Health Inte...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Thamer M,Rinehart C

    更新日期:1998-02-01 00:00:00

  • The health of immigrant children who live in areas with high immigrant concentration.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Our objective is to contribute to the literature regarding the association between immigrant children's health, their ethnicity and their living in neighbourhoods with a high ethnic concentration of one's own ethnicity. Using data from families from five ethnic groups who all immigrated to Vancouver metropol...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: George MA,Bassani C

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Objective and subjective poor mental health indicators among Arab Americans in Michigan: a population-based study.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Arab Americans are at high risk for poor mental health outcomes and are difficult to study at a population level due to a lack of racial/ethnic identifiers for this population. METHODS:Using data from the standalone 2013 Michigan Arab Behavioral Risk Factor Survey (MI ABRFS) we aimed to understand whether t...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abuelezam NN,El-Sayed AM

    更新日期:2018-07-04 00:00:00

  • Alcohol use among recent immigrant Latino/a youth: acculturation, gender, and the Theory of Reasoned Action.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Latino/a youth are at risk for alcohol use. This risk seems to rise with increasing US cultural orientation and decreasing Latino cultural orientation, especially among girls. To ascertain how acculturation may influence Latino/a youth alcohol use, we integrated an expanded multi-domain model of acculturation...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lorenzo-Blanco EI,Schwartz SJ,Unger JB,Zamboanga BL,Des Rosiers SE,Baezconde-Garbanati L,Huang S,Villamar JA,Soto D,Pattarroyo M

    更新日期:2016-12-01 00:00:00

  • Ethnic differences in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest among Middle Eastern Arabs and North African populations living in Qatar.

    abstract:AIMS:There are very few studies comparing epidemiology and outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) in different ethnic groups. Previous ethnicity studies have mostly determined OHCA differences between African American and Caucasian populations. The aim of this study was to compare epidemiology, clinical pres...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Irfan FB,Castren M,Bhutta ZA,George P,Qureshi I,Thomas SH,Pathan SA,Alinier G,Shaikh LA,Suwaidi JA,Singh R,Shuaib A,Tariq T,McKenna WJ,Cameron PA,Djarv T

    更新日期:2018-10-10 00:00:00

  • On body economics and fitting in: upward mobility and obesity stigma in Jamaica.

    abstract::Introduction: Jamaican culture is considered 'fat-loving,' and thus less likely to foster obesity stigma. However, the importance of tourism to Jamaica's economy, global trends toward a thinness aesthetic and extant ethos' of both bodily self-acceptance and status-based bodily critique suggest that obesity stigma may ...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Anderson-Fye EP,McClure SM,Dreyer RE,Bharati A,James C

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Racial/ethnic differences in perceived need for mental health care and disparities in use of care among those with perceived need in 1990-1992 and 2001-2003.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examines whether there are racial/ethnic differences in perceived need for mental health care among those with a mood and/or anxiety disorder in 1990-1992 and 2001-2003 in the US. Then among those with perceived need, we examine whether racial/ethnic disparities in use of mental health care existe...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ault-Brutus A,Alegria M

    更新日期:2018-02-01 00:00:00

  • Health and use of health services: a comparison between Gypsies and Travellers and other ethnic groups.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine the health status of adults from black and minority ethnic groups and from a socio-economically mixed White population, all resident in England. DESIGN:A cross-sectional questionnaire survey using validated standardised health measures of a sample of Gypsies and Travellers, Pakistani Muslims, Afr...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Peters J,Parry GD,Van Cleemput P,Moore J,Cooper CL,Walters SJ

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Polygamy and poor mental health among Arab Bedouin women: do socioeconomic position and social support matter?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Polygamy is a complex phenomenon and a product of power relations, with deep cultural, social, economic, and political roots. Despite being banned in many countries, the practice persists and has been associated with women's marginalization and mental health sequelae. In this study, we sought to improve unde...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Daoud N,Shoham-Vardi I,Urquia ML,O'Campo P

    更新日期:2014-08-01 00:00:00

  • Validity of the multidimensional fatigue symptom inventory-short form in an African-American community-based sample.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study examined the psychometric properties of the Multidimensional Fatigue Symptom Inventory-Short Form (MFSI-SF) in a community-based sample of African-Americans. DESIGN:A sample of 340 African-Americans (116 men, 224 women) ranging in age from 18-81 years were recruited from the community (e.g., chur...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Asvat Y,Malcarne VL,Sadler GR,Jacobsen PB

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Antihypertensive adherence and drug class among Asian Pacific Americans.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Research on adherence has emphasized the need to consider patient ethnicity when developing adherence plans. The objective of this study is to identify predictors of adherence for specific groups, particularly Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. METHODS:We examined the factors, including drug class, assoc...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taira DA,Gelber RP,Davis J,Gronley K,Chung RS,Seto TB

    更新日期:2007-06-01 00:00:00

  • 'The worst of the Bangladeshi and the worst of the British': exploring eating patterns and practices among British Bangladeshi adolescents in east London.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This article examines how aspects of a specific locality, history and set of practices interact to produce an obesogenic environment. The analysis grid for environments linked to obesity (ANGELO) framework and a biocultural approach are used to examine one obesogenic environment--that experienced by British ...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lofink HE

    更新日期:2012-01-01 00:00:00

  • Making and unmaking ethnicities in the Rwandan context: implication for gender-based violence, health, and wellbeing of women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine ethnicity and gender violence in Rwanda from cultural and historical perspectives and explore the encounters between cultural beliefs and practices and the new gender equality policy and programs and the implications of the particular encounters to the health of women. DESIGN:The study is a quali...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kubai A,Ahlberg BM

    更新日期:2013-10-01 00:00:00

  • Factors influencing food choices, dietary intake, and nutrition-related attitudes among African Americans: application of a culturally sensitive model.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The goals of the project were: (1) to explore how culture and community impact on the nutrition attitudes, food choices, and dietary intake of a selected group of African Americans in north central Florida; and (2) to identify segments of the population and community that should be targeted for education pro...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: James DC

    更新日期:2004-11-01 00:00:00

  • Risk-taking behavior among Native American adolescents in Minnesota public schools: comparisons with black and white adolescents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To examine rates of risk-taking behavior among native American adolescents in comparison with blacks and whites, and then to compare our off-reservation native American sample to available national statistics on reservation youth. METHODS:A secondary data analysis of a Minnesota public school health survey....

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gruber E,DiClemente RJ,Anderson MM

    更新日期:1996-09-01 00:00:00

  • Psychosocial determinants of colorectal Cancer screening uptake among African-American men: understanding the role of masculine role norms, medical mistrust, and normative support.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Despite having the highest colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and mortality across all major racial/ethnic groups, African-American men consistently have poor CRC screening rates. Gendered and racialized beliefs and norms have been associated with African-American men's lower medical assistance-seeking rates,...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rogers CR,Rogers TN,Matthews P,Le Duc N,Zickmund S,Powell W,Thorpe RJ Jr,McKoy A,Davis FA,Okuyemi K,Paskett ED,Griffith DM

    更新日期:2020-11-29 00:00:00

  • 'Some men just don't want to get hurt': perspectives of U.S. Virgin Islands men toward partner violence and HIV risks.

    abstract::Objectives: Global evidence suggests that individuals who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) can have accelerated risk for HIV transmission. The U.S. Virgin Islands (USVI) has high per capita rates of HIV and IPV that can have devastating effects on women's health. Catalysts for these health disparities may be...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Alexander KA,St Vil NM,Braithwaite-Hall MA,Sanchez M,Baumann A,Callwood GB,Campbell JC,Campbell DW

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • The development and initial validation of the Hawaiian Youth Drug Offers Survey (HYDOS).

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This study describes the development and preliminary validation of a survey focused on the most salient situations where drugs and/or alcohol are offered to Native Hawaiian youth in rural communities. DESIGN:The study used a five-phase approach to test development and validation. In Phase 1 (item generation)...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Okamoto SK,Helm S,Giroux D,Edwards C,Kulis S

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Examining differences in drinking patterns among Jewish and Arab university students in Israel.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Worldwide there is a dearth of studies examining drinking patterns in Arabs and how these compare to other populations. The few studies that exist have suggested distinct drinking patterns in Arabs, with not only high rates of abstinence but also high rates of heavy drinking among current drinkers. No studie...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sznitman SR,Bord S,Elias W,Gesser-Edelsburg A,Shiftan Y,Baron-Epel O

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding the supportive care needs of Hispanic men cancer survivors.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To date, there is a paucity of research and information on Hispanic men cancer survivors (HMCS), who comprise part of the largest and fastest growing racial/ethnic minority group in the country. The purpose of this paper is to provide a deeper understanding of the supportive care needs of HMCS. DESIGN:Three ...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martinez Tyson DD,Vázquez-Otero C,Medina-Ramirez P,Arriola NB,McMillan SC,Gwede CK

    更新日期:2017-02-01 00:00:00

  • Principles for the development of Aboriginal health interventions: culturally appropriate methods through systemic empathy.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To increase Aboriginal participation in mainstream health services, it is necessary to understand the factors that influence health service usage. This knowledge can contribute to the development of culturally appropriate health services that respect Aboriginal ways of being. DESIGN:We used a community-based...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kendall E,Barnett L

    更新日期:2015-01-01 00:00:00

  • Perceived barriers to initiating and maintaining physical activity among South Asian and White British adults in their 60s living in the United Kingdom: a qualitative study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore the barriers to initiating and maintaining regular physical activity (PA) among UK Indian, Pakistani and White British adults in their 60s. DESIGN:An exploratory qualitative approach was utilised using 15 focus groups and 40 in-depth interviews. Purposive sampling was used to recruit participants ...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horne M,Skelton DA,Speed S,Todd C

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Low body mass and high-quality sleep maximize the ability of aerobic fitness to promote improved cognitive function in older African Americans.

    abstract::ABSTRACTObjectives: Because African Americans are at elevated risk for cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease, it is important to understand which health and lifestyle factors are most important for reducing this risk. Obesity and poor sleep quality are common in lower-income, urban African Americans and have been ...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Fausto BA,Gluck MA

    更新日期:2020-09-15 00:00:00

  • Health-related quality of life among Mexican-origin Latinos: the role of immigration legal status.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the relationship between immigration legal status and related vulnerabilities and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) among Mexican-origin Latinos living in a U.S.-Mexico border region. METHODS:Data were obtained using multistage sampling from 393 Latino adults who took part in the 2009 San Dieg...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Garcini LM,Renzaho AMN,Molina M,Ayala GX

    更新日期:2018-07-01 00:00:00

  • Unaccompanied young adult refugees in Sweden, experiences of their life situation and well-being: a qualitative follow-up study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:In the late 1980s unaccompanied children began arriving in Sweden. Many of them were teenage boys who had been called up or were at risk of being called up for military service in a war in their home country. Others had fled their homeland for political reasons. The purpose of the study was to describe how un...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wallin AM,Ahlström GI

    更新日期:2005-05-01 00:00:00

  • Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy: prevalence and ethnic distribution.

    abstract::We undertook a retrospective analysis of the prevalence of obstetric cholestasis in the population of the South Birmingham area in the various ethnic subgroups. A diagnosis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy was made on the basis of symptoms of generalised pruritus along with biochemical evidence of the conditio...

    journal_title:Ethnicity & health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Abedin P,Weaver JB,Egginton E

    更新日期:1999-02-01 00:00:00