Clinical Scenarios in Chronic Kidney Disease: Cystic Renal Diseases.

Abstract:

:Cysts are frequently found in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and they have a different prognostic significance depending on the clinical context. Simple solitary parenchymal cysts and peripelvic cysts are very common and they have no clinical significance. At US, simple cyst appears as a round anechoic pouch with regular and thin profiles. On the other hand, hereditary polycystic disease is a frequent cause of CKD in children and adults. Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD) are the best known cystic hereditary diseases. ADPKD and ARPKD show a diffused cystic degeneration with cysts of different diameters derived from tubular epithelium. Medullary cystic disease may be associated with tubular defects, acidosis and lithiasis and can lead to CKD. Acquired cystic kidney disease, finally, is secondary to progressive structural end-stage kidney remodelling and may be associated with renal cell carcinoma.

journal_name

Contrib Nephrol

authors

Meola M,Samoni S,Petrucci I

doi

10.1159/000445474

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2016-01-01 00:00:00

pages

120-30

eissn

0302-5144

issn

1662-2782

pii

000445474

journal_volume

188

pub_type

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