Afferent Information for Motor Control: The Role of Visual Information in Different Portions of the Movement.


:The question addressed in the present study was whether subjects (N = 24) can use visual information about their hand, in the first half of an aiming movement, to ensure optimal directional accuracy of their aiming movements. Four groups of subjects practiced an aiming task in either a complete vision condition, a no-vision condition, or in a condition in which their hand was visible for the first half [initial vision condition (IV)] or the second half of the movement [final vision condition (FV)]. Following 240 trials of acquisition, all subjects were submitted to a transfer test that consisted of 40 trials performed in a no-vision condition. The results indicated that seeing the hand early in movement did not help subjects to optimize either directional or amplitude accuracy. On the other hand, when subjects viewed their hand closer to the target, movements resulted that were as accurate as those performed under a complete vision condition. In transfer, withdrawing vision did not cause any increase in aiming error for the IV or the no-vision conditions. These results replicated those of Carlton (1981) and extended those of Bard and colleagues (Bard, Hay, & Fleury, 1985) in that they indicated that the kinetic visual channel hypothesized by Paillard (1980; Paillard & Amblard, 1985) appeared to be inoperative beyond 40deg of visual angle.


J Mot Behav


Temprado JJ,Vieilledent S,Proteau L





Has Abstract


1996-09-01 00:00:00












  • A comparison of selected behaviors of identical twins, one blind from birth.

    abstract::The purpose of this study was to compare differences in mental-emotional, fine perceptual-motor and gross motor behaviors of a set of 13 year-old identical twins, one of whom was blind from birth. In general, the blind twin was superior in performances where total body involvements were minimal and fine manipulative m...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Williams HG,Williams HG

    更新日期:1969-12-01 00:00:00

  • Motor strategies in lifting movements: a comparison of adult and child performance.

    abstract::The experiment compares the performances of children six to nine years old and adults in a simple, monoarticular lifting task. Overt behaviors, as described by the kinematic features of the movement, do not differ qualitatively in the two groups. The patterns of motor commands, as expressed by the electromyographic re...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gachoud JP,Mounoud P,Hauert CA,Viviani P

    更新日期:1983-09-01 00:00:00

  • Bilateral transfer as a function of mental imagery.

    abstract::Three experiments are reported which investigate the role of mental imagery in the bilateral transfer from right to Ie ft hand of rotary pursuit skill. In Experiment 1 both mental imagery and physical rehearsal showed significant positive transfer relative to a control condition. However, work decrement may have accum...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kohl RM,Roenker DL

    更新日期:1980-09-01 00:00:00

  • Visual and haptic feedback contribute to tuning and online control during object manipulation.

    abstract::The authors employed a virtual environment to investigate how humans use haptic and visual feedback in a simple, rhythmic object-manipulation task. The authors hypothesized that feedback would help participants identify the appropriate resonant frequency and perform online control adjustments. The 1st test was whether...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Huang FC,Gillespie RB,Kuo AD

    更新日期:2007-05-01 00:00:00

  • Improvements in Hip Extensor Rate of Torque Development Influence Hip and Knee Extensor Feed-Forward Control.

    abstract::Females have been reported to utilize a feedforward control strategy during landing in which they compensate for decreased rate of torque development (RTD) of the hip extensors through earlier pre-activation of the knee extensors. The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of a 4-week hip-focused trainin...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stearns-Reider KM,Straub RK,Powers CM

    更新日期:2020-12-30 00:00:00

  • Self-Controlled Practice to Achieve Neuro-Cognitive Engagement: Underlying Brain Processes to Enhance Cognitive-Motor Learning and Performance.

    abstract::While self-controlled practice has been shown to be an effective practice methodology, the neuro-cognitive correlates of its effectiveness are unclear. We investigated whether learners participating in self-controlled practice exhibit increased neuro-cognitive engagement compared to externally controlled practice. Two...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jaquess KJ,Lu Y,Iso-Ahola SE,Zhang J,Gentili RJ,Hatfield BD

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • Self-sitting and reaching in 5- to 8-month-old infants: the impact of posture and its development on early eye-hand coordination.

    abstract::The relation between progress in the control of posture (i.e., the achievement of self-sitting posture) and the developmental transition from two-handed to one-handed engagement in infant reaching was investigated. Two groups of 5- to 8-month-old infants, who were either able or yet unable to sit on their own, were vi...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Rochat P

    更新日期:1992-06-01 00:00:00

  • Eye movements during coincidence-anticipation performance.

    abstract::The present study related visual processing, as indicated by eye movements, to performance accuracy on coincidence-anticipation tasks. Three age groups were tested on a coincidence-anticipation task and their eye movements recorded. Three levels of response were administered under three levels of stimulus speed. A MAN...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haywood KM

    更新日期:1977-12-01 00:00:00

  • Physical-guidance benefits in learning a complex motor skill.

    abstract::The effects of physical guidance on learning to perform slalom-type movements on a ski-simulator were examined in 22 participants (18 in Experiment 1, 4 in Experiment 2). In Experiment 1, 1 group of participants practiced the task with ski-poles whereas another group practiced without poles. Retention tests without po...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Wulf G,Shea CH,Whitacre CA

    更新日期:1998-12-01 00:00:00

  • Adaptation of Reactive Saccades is Influenced by Unconscious Priming of the Attention Focus.

    abstract::The authors investigated whether the size of the attention focus can influence saccadic adaptation, and whether this influence changes in older age. Using the scrambled sentence task, young and older participants were either primed for a wide attention focus, or primed of a narrow attention focus, or were not primed f...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bock O,Grigorova V,Ilieva-Staneva M

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Time-dependent effects of kinesthetic input.

    abstract::Sensory input can be used by the nervous system to control the spatial parameters of motor responses (e.g., distance, velocity, and direction) by initializing these parameters before movement onset and then by adjusting these parameters during movement. Sensory input can also be used to trigger movements. In the exper...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cordo PJ,Flanders M

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • The significance of nonsignificant findings.

    abstract::The replication by Landers et al. (1978) of the Martens' (1969) social-facilitation study is evaluated. The atypical constant error (CE) performance curve obtained in the Martens' study may diminish the external validity of the CE results, but not the internal validity. Furthermore, the validity of the AE results as w...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Martens R

    更新日期:1979-09-01 00:00:00

  • Target-directed movements at a comfortable pace: movement duration and Fitts's law.

    abstract::Although many studies have supported P. M. Fitts's (1954) law as a description of the speed-accuracy trade-off for speeded movements, there has been a lack of research regarding movement duration for target-directed movements made at any other pace. In the present study, the duration of movements made at a naturally s...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Young SJ,Pratt J,Chau T

    更新日期:2009-07-01 00:00:00

  • Force Control Characteristics for Generation and Relaxation in the Lower Limb.

    abstract::We investigated the characteristics for force generation and relaxation using graded isometric contractions of the knee extensors. Participants performed the following tasks as quickly and accurately as possible. For the force generation task, force was increased from 0% to 20%, 40% and 60% of the maximal voluntary fo...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Ohtaka C,Fujiwara M

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Introducing TAMI: an objective test of ability in movement imagery.

    abstract::Individual ability in mental imagery varies widely across individuals, leading to the development of questionnaires to evaluate mental imagery. Within the domain of movement imagery, questionnaires have previously relied on subjective ratings of vividness, which may be influenced by additional factors such as motor sk...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Madan CR,Singhal A

    更新日期:2013-01-01 00:00:00

  • Effects of bacterial melanin on movement, posture, and skilled balancing deficits after unilateral destruction of substantia nigra pars compacta in rats.

    abstract::Sixteen adult male rats were initially trained to an instrumental conditioned reflex (ICR) and subjected to unilateral destruction of substantia nigra pars compacta. Part of the animals was injected with bacterial melanin solution on the next day of destruction. The other 8 rats served as the control group. Recovery r...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Petrosyan TR,Gevorkyan OV,Hovsepyan AS

    更新日期:2014-01-01 00:00:00

  • Movement related EMGs become more variable during learning of fast accurate movements.

    abstract::Human subjects performed simple flexion and extension movements about the elbow in a visual step-tracking paradigm. Movements were self-terminated. Subjects were instructed to increase movement velocity while maintaining end-point accuracy during practice. The effects of practice on the pattern and variability of EMG ...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Darling WG,Cooke WG

    更新日期:1987-09-01 00:00:00

  • The Influence of Attentional Focus on Balance Control over Seven Days of Training.

    abstract::This study examined the training effect of attentional focus (external focus, internal focus, or no focus instructions) on a dynamic balance task. Participants completed baseline balance testing, seven consecutive days of dynamic balance board training, and retention testing 24 hours after the last session. The novel ...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Diekfuss JA,Rhea CK,Schmitz RJ,Grooms DR,Wilkins RW,Slutsky AB,Raisbeck LD

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00

  • Experimenting with theoretical motor neuroscience.

    abstract::Motor neuroscience is well over 100 years old, with seminal work such as G. T. Fritz and E. Hitzig's discovery of motor cortex occurring in 1870. Theoretical motor neuroscience has been ongoing for at least the last 50 years. How mature a scientific discipline is motor neuroscience? Are experimentalists and theoretici...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 历史文章,杂志文章


    authors: Ajemian R,Hogan N

    更新日期:2010-11-01 00:00:00

  • The Effect of External and Internal Focus of Attention on Gait Variability in Older Adults.

    abstract::Internal focus of attention on a movement or focusing on an external target are both strategies that can affect motor performance. The authors explored whether manipulating subjects' focus of attention while walking would alter gait variability, a measure reflecting consistency of gait and associated with the risk of ...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yogev-Seligmann G,Sprecher E,Kodesh E

    更新日期:2017-03-01 00:00:00

  • Application of motor learning principles to complex surgical tasks: searching for the optimal practice schedule.

    abstract::Practice of complex tasks can be scheduled in several ways: as whole-task practice or as practice of the individual skills composing the task in either a blocked or a random order. The authors used those 3 schedules to study 18 participants' learning of an orthopedic surgical task. They assessed learning by obtaining ...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brydges R,Carnahan H,Backstein D,Dubrowski A

    更新日期:2007-01-01 00:00:00

  • Understanding how speed affects performance of polyrhythms: transferring control as speed increases.

    abstract::Pianists (N = 9) memorized and performed polyrhythms over a range of speeds from 1 to 16 notes/s. Using several fingers of each hand to press the keys on a piano keyboard, they performed the 5:3 polyrhythm by playing "3s" with one hand simultaneously with "5s" in the other. All the participants were able to maintain o...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bogacz S

    更新日期:2005-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Influence of Skill and Intermittent Vision on Dynamic Balance.

    abstract::Two experiments are reported in which expert and novice gymnasts were required to walk across a balance beam as quickly as possible in various vision conditions. In Experiment 1, experts walked faster than novices in all vision conditions, showing the greatest superiority when vision was completely eliminated. Novices...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Robertson S,Collins J,Elliott D,Starkes J

    更新日期:1994-12-01 00:00:00

  • What Do Notterman and Page (1962) show? A Reply to Notterman.

    abstract::Notterman (1975) argued, contrary to my 1974 article, that the data obtained by Notterman and Page (1962) confirm the important role of proprioception in skilled performance. I argue that these data are in fact ambiguous when it comes to distinguishing the effects of proprioception from those of outflow control. ...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Jones B

    更新日期:1975-09-01 00:00:00

  • Visual and proprioceptive determinants of space perception and movement.

    abstract::The present study determined the relationship between perception of the upright in 2-dimensional space and movement accuracy. 161 female Ss were administered the Rod and Frame Test, and 30 Ss, whose scores indicated the greatest and least error in perceptual differentiation, were assigned to 2 experimental groups and ...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Souder MA

    更新日期:1972-03-01 00:00:00

  • Postural asymmetries in response to holding evenly and unevenly distributed loads during self-selected stance.

    abstract::The authors examined postural asymmetries during quiet stance and while holding evenly or unevenly distributed loads. Right-hand dominant subjects preferentially loaded their right lower limb when holding no load or a load evenly distributed in both hands, but no differences in center of pressure (CoP) were observed b...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Haddad JM,Rietdyk S,Ryu JH,Seaman JM,Silver TA,Kalish JA,Hughes CM

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Walking and running on the circular treadmill: transition speed and podokinetic aftereffects.

    abstract::The author compared 10 participants' self-selected walk-to-run transition speeds on a standard treadmill with those on a circular treadmill. The speed of the outer limb at walk-to-run transition on the circular treadmill and on the standard treadmill were very similar. Adaptive aftereffects from running and walking on...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Earhart GM

    更新日期:2006-09-01 00:00:00

  • Temporal regularity of tapping by the left and right hands in timed and untimed finger tapping.

    abstract::The temporal characteristics of repetitive finger tapping by the left and right hands were examined in two experiments. In the first experiment, interresponse intervals (IRIs) were recorded while right-handed male subjects tapped in synchrony with an auditory timing pulse (the synchronization phase) and then attempted...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Truman G,Hammond GR

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • Novel Kinetic Strategies Adopted in Asymmetric Split-Belt Treadmill Walking.

    abstract::The hip and ankle strategies that affect learning of a novel gait have not been fully determined, and could be of importance in design of clinical gait interventions. The authors' purpose was to determine the effects of asymmetric split-belt treadmill walking on ankle and hip work during propulsion. Participants were ...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Hinkel-Lipsker JW,Hahn ME

    更新日期:2016-05-01 00:00:00

  • The Effect of Paired Muscle Stimulation on Preparation for Movement.

    abstract::Paired muscle stimulation is used clinically to facilitate the performance of motor tasks for individuals with motor dysfunction. However, the optimal temporal relationship between stimuli for enhancing movement remains unknown. We hypothesized that synchronous, muscle stimulation would increase the extent to which st...

    journal_title:Journal of motor behavior

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brownjohn PW,Blakemore RL,Fox JA,Shemmell J

    更新日期:2019-01-01 00:00:00