Spontaneous and agonist-induced contractions and endothelium-dependent relaxation in aortae from SHRSP and WKY rats under various levels of passive force.

Abstract:

:1. The influence of the passive force on the contraction and endothelium-dependent relaxation in aortae of normotensive Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats and stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRSP) were compared. 2. Force changes of endothelium-intact and -removed preparations were measured isometrically by a force-displacement transducer. Endothelium-dependent relaxation was observed by applying acetylcholine to the preparation precontracted in the presence of 5 x 10(-7) mol/L noradrenaline. 3. The preparations showed spontaneously developed tension (tone) that increased with the increase in the passive force. The effect of passive force was greater in preparations from SHRSP. Contraction initiated by noradrenaline was also increased by passive force up to 30 mN, then showed a tendency to decrease. 4. Endothelium-dependent relaxation was depressed as the passive force was increased. Preparations from SHRSP showed impaired endothelium-dependent relaxation and were influenced by passive force to a lesser degree when compared with preparations from WKY rats. 5. Relaxation by sodium nitroprusside was influenced by passive force to a much lesser extent than that by acetylcholine. 6. Indomethacin potentiated endothelium-dependent relaxation and blocked the effect of passive force in both preparations. 7. The difference in relaxation and the effect of passive force is primarily caused by the difference in the release of endothelium-derived contracting factor, which is thought to be a product of the cyclo-oxygenase pathway of the arachidonic acid cascade.

authors

Sekiguchi F,Adachi T,Matsubara H,Matsuda K,Kita K,Shimamura K,Sunano S

doi

10.1111/j.1440-1681.1996.tb02765.x

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1996-06-01 00:00:00

pages

483-9

issue

6-7

eissn

0305-1870

issn

1440-1681

journal_volume

23

pub_type

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