Resting energy expenditure, substrate use, and video tapes.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To investigate the effect of watching different types of video on energy expenditure. DESIGN:Randomised study assessing a "pleasant," an "amusing," an "exciting," and no video film clips. SUBJECTS:12 volunteers who did not know the purpose of the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Changes in energy expenditure, substrate use, heart rate, and aural temperature during each film clip. RESULTS:Energy expenditure was raised slightly (0.21 kJ/day) during the "exciting" film. Individual responses varied greatly. CONCLUSION:Watching different types of video seems to have little effect on resting metabolic rate.

journal_name

BMJ

authors

Cooper BG,Matthews JN,Alberti KG

doi

10.1136/bmj.311.7021.1664

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-12-23 00:00:00

pages

1664-5

issue

7021

eissn

0959-8138

issn

1756-1833

journal_volume

311

pub_type

临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验
  • Incidence of malaria among children living near dams in northern Ethiopia: community based incidence survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the impact of construction of microdams on the incidence of malaria in nearby communities in terms of possibly increasing peak incidence and prolonging transmission. DESIGN:Four quarterly cycles of malaria incidence surveys, each taking 30 days, undertaken in eight at risk communities close to dams...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.319.7211.663

    authors: Ghebreyesus TA,Haile M,Witten KH,Getachew A,Yohannes AM,Yohannes M,Teklehaimanot HD,Lindsay SW,Byass P

    更新日期:1999-09-11 00:00:00

  • Investigation of long term problems after obstetric epidural anaesthesia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the association between obstetric epidural anaesthesia and subsequent long term problems. DESIGN:Postal questionnaire on health problems after childbirth linked to maternity case note data. SETTING:Maternity hospital in Birmingham. SUBJECTS:11701 women who delivered their most recent child durin...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.304.6837.1279

    authors: MacArthur C,Lewis M,Knox EG

    更新日期:1992-05-16 00:00:00

  • Association between teenage pregnancy rates and the age and sex of general practitioners: cross sectional survey in Trent 1994-7.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine variations in teenage pregnancy rates in Trent region and to determine possible associations with local general practice characteristics such as the age and sex of the doctors. DESIGN:Cross sectional survey. SETTING:All 826 general practices in Trent region in existence between 1994 and 1997. SU...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.320.7238.842

    authors: Hippisley-Cox J,Allen J,Pringle M,Ebdon D,McPhearson M,Churchill D,Bradley S

    更新日期:2000-03-25 00:00:00

  • The earliest days of first aid.

    abstract::First aid, as a profession in its own right, has a history of only 120 years. It evolved from the teachings of the Royal Humane Society and military surgeons, who saw the wisdom of training in splinting and bandaging for battlefield wounds. In 1878 two Aberdeenshire military officers, Surgeon-Major Peter Shepherd of t...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 传,历史文章,杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.309.6970.1718

    authors: Pearn J

    更新日期:1994-12-24 00:00:00

  • Behavioural counselling to increase consumption of fruit and vegetables in low income adults: randomised trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To measure the effect of brief behavioural counselling in general practice on patients' consumption of fruit and vegetables in adults from a low income population. DESIGN:Parallel group randomised controlled trial. SETTING:Primary health centre in a deprived, ethnically mixed inner city area. PARTICIPANTS:...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.326.7394.855

    authors: Steptoe A,Perkins-Porras L,McKay C,Rink E,Hilton S,Cappuccio FP

    更新日期:2003-04-19 00:00:00

  • First day neonatal mortality since 1935: re-examination of the Cross hypothesis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To describe the change in first day infant mortality during 1935-87. To examine the hypothesis that excess first day mortality in the 1950s and 1960s was attributable to restricting oxygen for sick newborn infants. DESIGN:Time series analysis of first day infant mortality and stillbirth rates. SETTING:Engl...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.304.6823.343

    authors: Whyte RK

    更新日期:1992-02-08 00:00:00

  • Use of vitamin B-12 in Leicestershire practices: a single topic audit led by a medical audit advisory group.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To encourage active participation of Leicestershire general practitioners and their staff in audit; to examine the use of vitamin B-12 injections and to achieve a more appropriate use. DESIGN:Implementation of an agreed audit protocol, with central analysis and feedback of anonymous and aggregated data by a ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.311.6996.28

    authors: Fraser RC,Farooqi A,Sorrie R

    更新日期:1995-07-01 00:00:00

  • Brain stem death and organ donation.

    abstract::Organs for donation are in short supply in the United Kingdom, resulting in allegations that relatives of potential donors are not being asked for consent. Legislation on "required request" has been proposed to overcome this. The incidence, causes, complications, and patterns of organ donation in brain stem dead patie...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.299.6706.1009

    authors: Bodenham A,Berridge JC,Park GR

    更新日期:1989-10-21 00:00:00

  • Screening for lung cancer using low dose computed tomography.

    abstract::Screening for lung cancer with low dose computed tomography can reduce mortality from the disease by 20% in high risk smokers. This review covers the state of the art knowledge on several aspects of implementing a screening program. The most important are to identify people who are at high enough risk to warrant scree...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.g2253

    authors: Tammemagi MC,Lam S

    更新日期:2014-05-27 00:00:00

  • Familial risks of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck: retrospective case-control study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the contribution of inheritance to the incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck. DESIGN:Historical cohort study. First degree relatives of cases with squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck made up the exposed cohort and first degree relatives of spouses of cases made up th...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.313.7059.716

    authors: Foulkes WD,Brunet JS,Sieh W,Black MJ,Shenouda G,Narod SA

    更新日期:1996-09-21 00:00:00

  • Lifestyle changes may be more important than drugs for mild hypertension.

    abstract::The studySheppard JP, Stevens S, Stevens R, Martin U, Mant J, Hobbs R, McManus R. Benefits and harms of antihypertensive treatment in low-risk patients with mild hypertension.Published on 1 December 2018 JAMA Intern Med 2018;178:1626-34.This project was funded by a grant from the National Institute for Health Research...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.l571

    authors: Cook R,Lamont T,Martin R,NIHR Dissemination Centre.

    更新日期:2019-02-15 00:00:00

  • Waiting times for carotid endarterectomy in UK: observational study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess timeliness of carotid endarterectomy services in the United Kingdom. DESIGN:Observational study with follow-up to March 2008. SETTING:UK hospitals performing carotid endarterectomy. PARTICIPANTS:UK surgeons undertaking carotid endarterectomy from December 2005 to December 2007. MAIN OUTCOME MEA...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.b1847

    authors: Halliday AW,Lees T,Kamugasha D,Grant R,Hoffman A,Rothwell PM,Potter JF,Horrocks M,Naylor R,Rudd AG,Carotid Endarterectomy Steering Group.,Clinical Effectiveness and Evaluation Unit, Royal College of Physicians.,Vascular Society o

    更新日期:2009-06-04 00:00:00

  • Fruit and vegetable intake and incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review and meta-analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the independent effects of intake of fruit and vegetables on incidence of type 2 diabetes. DESIGN:Systematic review and meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES:Medline, Embase, CINAHL, British Nursing Index (BNI), and the Cochrane library were searched for medical subject headings and keywords on diabete...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.c4229

    authors: Carter P,Gray LJ,Troughton J,Khunti K,Davies MJ

    更新日期:2010-08-18 00:00:00

  • Prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV: evaluation of a pilot programme in a district hospital in rural Zimbabwe.

    abstract:PROBLEM:Zimbabwe has one of the highest rates of HIV seroprevalence in the world. In 2001 only 4% of women and children in need of services for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV were receiving them. DESIGN:Pilot implementation of the first programme for prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.329.7475.1147

    authors: Perez F,Orne-Gliemann J,Mukotekwa T,Miller A,Glenshaw M,Mahomva A,Dabis F

    更新日期:2004-11-13 00:00:00

  • Systematic review of scope and quality of electronic patient record data in primary care.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To systematically review measures of data quality in electronic patient records (EPRs) in primary care. DESIGN:Systematic review of English language publications, 1980-2001. DATA SOURCES:Bibliographic searches of medical databases, specialist medical informatics databases, conference proceedings, and instit...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.326.7398.1070

    authors: Thiru K,Hassey A,Sullivan F

    更新日期:2003-05-17 00:00:00

  • A multifaceted strategy for implementation of the Ottawa ankle rules in two emergency departments.

    abstract:PROBLEM:Despite widespread acceptance of the Ottawa ankle rules for assessment of acute ankle injuries, their application varies considerably. DESIGN:Before and after study. BACKGROUND AND SETTING:Emergency departments of a tertiary teaching hospital and a community hospital in Australia. KEY MEASURES FOR IMPROVEMEN...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.b3056

    authors: Bessen T,Clark R,Shakib S,Hughes G

    更新日期:2009-08-12 00:00:00

  • The disabled living centre: what does it do?

    abstract::Seventy five consecutive users of the Leeds disabled living foundation were surveyed. Two thirds of these users were at least moderately severely disabled. Forty eight of the 65 people (74%) who completed the questionnaire were recommended aids, and 33 had received some at the end of the survey. Only 10 of 28 people h...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.297.6662.1523

    authors: Chamberlain MA,Gallop J

    更新日期:1988-12-10 00:00:00

  • Milk intake and bone mineral acquisition in adolescent girls: randomised, controlled intervention trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the effect of milk supplementation on total body bone mineral acquisition in adolescent girls. DESIGN:18 month, open randomised intervention trial. SUBJECTS:82 white girls aged 12.2 (SD 0.3) years, recruited from four secondary schools in Sheffield. INTERVENTION:568 ml (one pint) of whole o...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.315.7118.1255

    authors: Cadogan J,Eastell R,Jones N,Barker ME

    更新日期:1997-11-15 00:00:00

  • The New Zealand cervical cancer study: could it happen again?

    abstract::The author is one of the medical advisers to the judge who led a government inquiry into allegations that an experimental research program at the National Women's Hospital in Auckland, New Zealand, to study the natural course of cervical carcinoma in situ had withheld conventional treatment from some patients. She ar...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.297.6647.533

    authors: Paul C

    更新日期:1988-08-20 00:00:00

  • Prevalence of HIV among childbearing women and women having termination of pregnancy: multidisciplinary steering group study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the prevalence of HIV among pregnant women, in particular those whose behaviour or that of their partners put them at "low risk" of infection. DESIGN:Voluntary named or anonymous HIV testing of pregnant women during 21 months (November 1988 to July 1990). SUBJECTS AND SETTING:All women who plan...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.304.6834.1082

    authors: Goldberg DJ,MacKinnon H,Smith R,Patel NB,Scrimgeour JB,Inglis JM,Peutherer JF,Urquhart GE,Emslie JA,Covell RG

    更新日期:1992-04-25 00:00:00

  • Fifteen year quality of life outcomes in men with localised prostate cancer: population based Australian prospective study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess treatment related changes in quality of life up to 15 years after diagnosis of localised prostate cancer. DESIGN:Population based, prospective cohort study with follow-up over 15 years. SETTING:New South Wales, Australia. PARTICIPANTS:1642 men with localised prostate cancer, aged less than 70, an...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.m3503

    authors: Mazariego CG,Egger S,King MT,Juraskova I,Woo H,Berry M,Armstrong BK,Smith DP

    更新日期:2020-10-07 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of modernisation of adult critical care services in England: time series and cost effectiveness analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate the impact and cost effectiveness of a programme to transform adult critical care throughout England initiated in late 2000. DESIGN:Evaluation of trends in inputs, processes, and outcomes during 1998-2000 compared with last quarter of 2000-6. SETTING:96 critical care units in England. PARTICIPA...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.b4353

    authors: Hutchings A,Durand MA,Grieve R,Harrison D,Rowan K,Green J,Cairns J,Black N

    更新日期:2009-11-11 00:00:00

  • How are abnormal results for liver function tests dealt with in primary care? Audit of yield and impact.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine whether abnormal results for liver function tests are investigated in primary care and findings on full investigation. DESIGN:Retrospective audit and prospective clinical investigation. SETTING:University hospital and surrounding general practices serving around 330 000 people. SUBJECTS:Adults...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.322.7281.276

    authors: Sherwood P,Lyburn I,Brown S,Ryder S

    更新日期:2001-02-03 00:00:00

  • Association of bacteria and viruses with wheezy episodes in young children: prospective birth cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To study the association between wheezy symptoms in young children and the presence of bacteria in the airways. DESIGN:Birth cohort study. SETTING:Clinical research unit in Copenhagen. PARTICIPANTS:Children of asthmatic mothers, from age 4 weeks to 3 years, with planned visits and acute admissions to the r...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.c4978

    authors: Bisgaard H,Hermansen MN,Bønnelykke K,Stokholm J,Baty F,Skytt NL,Aniscenko J,Kebadze T,Johnston SL

    更新日期:2010-10-04 00:00:00

  • Childhood leukaemia and poliomyelitis in relation to military encampments in England and Wales in the period of national military service, 1950-63.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine if any excess of childhood leukaemia was associated with the large and increasing numbers of national military servicemen in 1949 and 1950, particularly in rural districts. This would be a further test of the hypothesis that childhood leukaemia can originate in an infection, the transmission of w...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.303.6814.1357

    authors: Kinlen LJ,Hudson C

    更新日期:1991-11-30 00:00:00

  • Increasing incidence of aortic aneurysms in England and Wales.

    abstract::The numbers of patients being admitted to hospital with aortic aneurysms have increased recently. A study was carried out to try to find out whether this was a true increase in incidence or whether it could be attributable to more accurate diagnosis and better surgical techniques. From analyses of routine statistics i...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.298.6665.33

    authors: Fowkes FG,Macintyre CC,Ruckley CV

    更新日期:1989-01-07 00:00:00

  • Community care in London: the prospects.

    abstract::Elderly and disabled people have been led to expect great improvements in the quality of community care after April 1993. The choice to live safely at home is to be offered as an alternative to residential care. The financial and organisational relationships are all intended to support this in practice. The Tomlinson ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.305.6866.1418

    authors: Jowell T

    更新日期:1992-12-05 00:00:00

  • Influence of data display formats on physician investigators' decisions to stop clinical trials: prospective trial with repeated measures.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the effect of the method of data display on physician investigators' decisions to stop hypothetical clinical trials for an unplanned statistical analysis. DESIGN:Prospective, mixed model design with variables between subjects and within subjects (repeated measures). SETTING:Comprehensive cancer c...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.318.7197.1527

    authors: Elting LS,Martin CG,Cantor SB,Rubenstein EB

    更新日期:1999-06-05 00:00:00

  • Improving teenagers' knowledge of emergency contraception: cluster randomised controlled trial of a teacher led intervention.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the effectiveness of a teacher led intervention to improve teenagers' knowledge about emergency contraception. DESIGN:Cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING:24 mixed sex, state secondary schools in Avon, south west England. PARTICIPANTS:1974 boys and 1820 girls in year 10 (14-15 year olds)....

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.324.7347.1179

    authors: Graham A,Moore L,Sharp D,Diamond I

    更新日期:2002-05-18 00:00:00

  • Sharing of clinical trial data among trialists: a cross sectional survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate clinical trialists' opinions and experiences of sharing of clinical trial data with investigators who are not directly collaborating with the research team. DESIGN AND SETTING:Cross sectional, web based survey. PARTICIPANTS:Clinical trialists who were corresponding authors of clinical trials ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.e7570

    authors: Rathi V,Dzara K,Gross CP,Hrynaszkiewicz I,Joffe S,Krumholz HM,Strait KM,Ross JS

    更新日期:2012-11-20 00:00:00