What do I want from health research and researchers when I am a patient?

Abstract:

:I have attempted to adopt the perspective of a patient--albeit one with a rather atypical background--to explore what I want from health research and researchers. This has left me with the impression that health researchers could serve the interests of the public more effectively in a variety of ways, and that they would be helped to do so by greater lay involvement in planning and promoting health research.

journal_name

BMJ

authors

Chalmers I

doi

10.1136/bmj.310.6990.1315

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1995-05-20 00:00:00

pages

1315-8

issue

6990

eissn

0959-8138

issn

1756-1833

journal_volume

310

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Female streetworking prostitution and HIV infection in Glasgow.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To identify the extent of HIV infection and injecting drug use among female streetworking prostitutes in Glasgow; to estimate the size of the female streetworking prostitute population in the city; and to estimate the number of HIV positive women working as prostitutes on the streets in Glasgow. DESIGN:Obse...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.305.6857.801

    authors: McKeganey N,Barnard M,Leyland A,Coote I,Follet E

    更新日期:1992-10-03 00:00:00

  • Auditing audits: the method of Oxfordshire Medical Audit Advisory Group.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To develop a systematic method for both summative and formative audit of practice audits, and to use the method to review Oxfordshire practice audits and to plan improvement. DESIGN:Development of a coding system for the audit cycle subsequently used prospectively to assess audits reported to medical audit ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,meta分析

    doi:10.1136/bmj.303.6812.1247

    authors: Derry J,Lawrence M,Griew K,Anderson J,Humphreys J,Pandher KS

    更新日期:1991-11-16 00:00:00

  • Effect of assertive outreach after suicide attempt in the AID (assertive intervention for deliberate self harm) trial: randomised controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess whether an assertive outreach intervention after suicide attempt could reduce the frequency of subsequent suicidal acts, compared with standard treatment. DESIGN:Randomised, parallel group, superiority trial with blinded outcome assessment. SETTING:Outpatient intervention at one location at Copenh...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.e4972

    authors: Morthorst B,Krogh J,Erlangsen A,Alberdi F,Nordentoft M

    更新日期:2012-08-22 00:00:00

  • Intravenous tissue plasminogen activator and size of infarct, left ventricular function, and survival in acute myocardial infarction.

    abstract:STUDY OBJECTIVE:To assess effect of intravenous recombinant tissue type plasminogen activator on size of infarct, left ventricular function, and survival in acute myocardial infarction. DESIGN:Double blind, randomised, placebo controlled prospective trial of patients with acute myocardial infarction within five hours ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.297.6660.1374

    authors: Van de Werf F,Arnold AE

    更新日期:1988-11-26 00:00:00

  • Understanding help seeking behaviour among male offenders: qualitative interview study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To explore the factors that influence help seeking for mental distress by offenders. DESIGN:Qualitative study based on in-depth interviews with prisoners before and after release. SETTING:One category B local prison in southern England. PARTICIPANTS:35 male offenders aged 18-52, a quarter of whom had been ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.39059.594444.AE

    authors: Howerton A,Byng R,Campbell J,Hess D,Owens C,Aitken P

    更新日期:2007-02-10 00:00:00

  • Risk factors for lower respiratory complications of rhinovirus infections in elderly people living in the community: prospective cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the role of rhinoviruses in elderly people living in the community. DESIGN:Prospective community based surveillance of elderly people, without intervention. Subjects were telephoned weekly to identify symptomatic upper respiratory tract infections. Symptoms and impact of illnesses were monitored, a...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.313.7065.1119

    authors: Nicholson KG,Kent J,Hammersley V,Cancio E

    更新日期:1996-11-02 00:00:00

  • Rapid appraisal of needs in reproductive health care in southern Sudan: qualitative study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To identify the need for reproductive health care among a community affected by conflict, and to ascertain the priority given by the community to reproductive health issues. DESIGN:Rapid appraisal. This comprised interviews with key informants, in-depth interviews, and group discussions. Secondary data were...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.319.7212.743

    authors: Palmer CA

    更新日期:1999-09-18 00:00:00

  • Screening for carriers of cystic fibrosis--a general practitioner's perspective.

    abstract::The identification of the gene for cystic fibrosis has led to the possibility of population based screening for carriers of cystic fibrosis to identify couples at risk of having an affected child. Pilot studies have shown that screening is feasible and does not cause untoward anxiety, though the uptake of testing vari...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.307.6908.849

    authors: Modell M

    更新日期:1993-10-02 00:00:00

  • Effect of timing of first postnatal care home visit on neonatal mortality in Bangladesh: a observational cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the effect of the timing of first postnatal home visit by community health workers on neonatal mortality. DESIGN:Analysis of prospectively collected data using time varying discrete hazard models to estimate hazard ratios for neonatal mortality according to day of first postnatal home visit. DATA ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.b2826

    authors: Baqui AH,Ahmed S,El Arifeen S,Darmstadt GL,Rosecrans AM,Mannan I,Rahman SM,Begum N,Mahmud AB,Seraji HR,Williams EK,Winch PJ,Santosham M,Black RE,Projahnmo 1 Study Group.

    更新日期:2009-08-14 00:00:00

  • Effect on peer review of telling reviewers that their signed reviews might be posted on the web: randomised controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To see whether telling peer reviewers that their signed reviews of original research papers might be posted on the BMJ's website would affect the quality of their reviews. DESIGN:Randomised controlled trial. SETTING:A large international general medical journal based in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS:54...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,随机对照试验

    doi:10.1136/bmj.c5729

    authors: van Rooyen S,Delamothe T,Evans SJ

    更新日期:2010-11-16 00:00:00

  • Multicentre criterion based audit of the management of induced abortion in Scotland.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess and improve the quality of care provided to women undergoing induced abortion. DESIGN:Two rounds of prospective, criterion based case note review audit. SETTING:Ten NHS gynaecology units throughout Scotland. SUBJECTS:2004 patient episodes of abortion care identified consecutively during two roun...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.309.6946.15

    authors: Penney GC,Glasier A,Templeton A

    更新日期:1994-07-02 00:00:00

  • Cancer morbidity in British military veterans included in chemical warfare agent experiments at Porton Down: cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine cancer morbidity in members of the armed forces who took part in tests of chemical warfare agents from 1941 to 1989. DESIGN:Historical cohort study, with cohort members followed up to December 2004. DATA SOURCE:Archive of UK government research facility at Porton Down, UK military personnel rec...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.b655

    authors: Carpenter LM,Linsell L,Brooks C,Keegan TJ,Langdon T,Doyle P,Maconochie NE,Fletcher T,Nieuwenhuijsen MJ,Beral V,Venables KM

    更新日期:2009-03-24 00:00:00

  • Factors associated with the presence of diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of diabetes in children and young adults: a systematic review.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify the factors associated with diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children and young adults. DESIGN:Systematic review. DATA SOURCES:PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cinahl and article reference lists. STUDY SELECTION:Cohort studies including unselected groups of ch...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.d4092

    authors: Usher-Smith JA,Thompson MJ,Sharp SJ,Walter FM

    更新日期:2011-07-07 00:00:00

  • Making an advance directive.

    abstract::The introduction in Britain of advance directives--which allow a person to state in advance of becoming incompetent that they wish to take part in treatment decisions when no longer mentally competent--has now been advocated by the medical and legal establishments. The practical application of directives relating to h...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.310.6974.236

    authors: Robertson GS

    更新日期:1995-01-28 00:00:00

  • Relation of Chlamydia pneumoniae serology to mortality and incidence of ischaemic heart disease over 13 years in the caerphilly prospective heart disease study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the effect of Chlamydia pneumoniae infection on future development of ischaemic heart disease and mortality. DESIGN:Prospective longitudinal study. SETTING:Caerphilly, South Wales. SUBJECTS:Plasma specimens were collected during 1979-83 from 1773 men aged 45-59 years. These were tested for ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.318.7190.1035

    authors: Strachan DP,Carrington D,Mendall MA,Ballam L,Morris J,Butland BK,Sweetnam PM,Elwood PC

    更新日期:1999-04-17 00:00:00

  • Late mortality after sepsis: propensity matched cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES: To determine whether late mortality after sepsis is driven predominantly by pre-existing comorbid disease or is the result of sepsis itself. DEIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: US Health and Retirement Study. PARTICIPANTS: 960 patients aged ≥65 (1998-2010) with fee-for-service Medicare coverage w...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.i2375

    authors: Prescott HC,Osterholzer JJ,Langa KM,Angus DC,Iwashyna TJ

    更新日期:2016-05-17 00:00:00

  • Inpatient care of mentally ill people in prison: results of a year's programme of semistructured inspections.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the facilities for inpatient care of mentally disordered people in prison. DESIGN:Semistructured inspections conducted by doctor and nurse. Expected standards were based on healthcare quality standards published by the Prison Service or the NHS. SETTING:13 prisons with inpatient beds in Engla...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.320.7241.1031

    authors: Reed JL,Lyne M

    更新日期:2000-04-15 00:00:00

  • Prevention of suicide: aspirations and evidence.

    abstract::The Health of the Nation white paper set a target for 15% reduction in overall suicide rates by the year 2000. If the targets are to be achieved interventions must be identified which are of proved effectiveness. This paper examines the evidence on the available interventions and points of access to the population at ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.308.6938.1227

    authors: Gunnell D,Frankel S

    更新日期:1994-05-07 00:00:00

  • A prospective study of maternal and fetal outcome in acute Lassa fever infection during pregnancy.

    abstract::Several viral infections have been reported to result in more severe disease in pregnant than non-pregnant women, but the relative risks have not been well characterised. This has now been done for Lassa fever in a prospective study of 68 pregnant and 79 non-pregnant women who were admitted to hospital in Sierra Leone...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.297.6648.584

    authors: Price ME,Fisher-Hoch SP,Craven RB,McCormick JB

    更新日期:1988-09-03 00:00:00

  • Socioeconomic position in childhood and adulthood and insulin resistance: cross sectional survey using data from British women's heart and health study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the associations between childhood and adulthood social class and insulin resistance. DESIGN:Cross sectional survey. SETTING:23 towns across England, Scotland, and Wales. PARTICIPANTS:4286 women aged 60-79 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Insulin resistance and other cardiovascular disease risk fact...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.325.7368.805

    authors: Lawlor DA,Ebrahim S,Davey Smith G,British women's heart and health study.

    更新日期:2002-10-12 00:00:00

  • Mobile phone use and risk of glioma in adults: case-control study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To investigate the risk of glioma in adults in relation to mobile phone use. DESIGN:Population based case-control study with collection of personal interview data. SETTING:Five areas of the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS:966 people aged 18 to 69 years diagnosed with a glioma from 1 December 2000 to 29 Februa...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.38720.687975.55

    authors: Hepworth SJ,Schoemaker MJ,Muir KR,Swerdlow AJ,van Tongeren MJ,McKinney PA

    更新日期:2006-04-15 00:00:00

  • Cost effectiveness analysis of strategies to combat HIV/AIDS in developing countries.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To assess the costs and health effects of a range of interventions for preventing the spread of HIV and for treating people with HIV/AIDS in the context of the millennium development goal for combating HIV/AIDS. DESIGN:Cost effectiveness analysis based on an epidemiological model. SETTING:Analyses undertake...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.38643.368692.68

    authors: Hogan DR,Baltussen R,Hayashi C,Lauer JA,Salomon JA

    更新日期:2005-12-17 00:00:00

  • Workplace bullying in NHS community trust: staff questionnaire survey.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To determine the prevalence of workplace bullying in an NHS community trust; to examine the association between bullying and occupational health outcomes; and to investigate the relation between support at work and bullying. DESIGN:Questionnaire survey. SETTING:NHS community trust in the south east of Engl...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.318.7178.228

    authors: Quine L

    更新日期:1999-01-23 00:00:00

  • Use of inhaled corticosteroids during pregnancy and risk of pregnancy induced hypertension: nested case-control study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine whether the use of inhaled corticosteroids during pregnancy increases the risk of pregnancy induced hypertension and pre-eclampsia among asthmatic women. DESIGN:Nested case-control study. SETTING:Three administrative health databases from Quebec: RAMQ, MED-ECHO, and Fichier des evenements demog...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.38313.624352.8F

    authors: Martel MJ,Rey E,Beauchesne MF,Perreault S,Lefebvre G,Forget A,Blais L

    更新日期:2005-01-29 00:00:00

  • What happened to the valid POEMs? A survey of review articles on the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To evaluate systematically the review literature on type 2 diabetes to assess transmission of the findings of the United Kingdom prospective diabetes study (UKPDS), an important source of recent valid patient oriented evidence that matters (POEMs). DESIGN:Inception cohort analysis of the recent medical liter...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.327.7409.266

    authors: Shaughnessy AF,Slawson DC

    更新日期:2003-08-02 00:00:00

  • Bone density and risk of hip fracture in men and women: cross sectional analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the relative contribution of decline in bone density to the increase in risk of hip fracture with age in men and women. DESIGN:Incidence data of hip fracture from the general population were combined with the bone density distribution in a sample from the same population and with a risk estimate...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.315.7102.221

    authors: De Laet CE,van Hout BA,Burger H,Hofman A,Pols HA

    更新日期:1997-07-26 00:00:00

  • Survival of people with clinical diagnosis of dementia in primary care: cohort study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To estimate survival after a diagnosis of dementia in primary care, compared with people without dementia, and to determine incidence of dementia. DESIGN:Cohort study using data from The Health Improvement Network (THIN), a primary care database. SETTING:353 general practices in the United Kingdom providin...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1136/bmj.c3584

    authors: Rait G,Walters K,Bottomley C,Petersen I,Iliffe S,Nazareth I

    更新日期:2010-08-05 00:00:00

  • Epilepsy and pregnancy.

    abstract::According to a London physician, women with epilepsy taking antiepileptic drugs can take combined oral contraceptives (OCs). It is usual to recommend a combined OC preparation containing at least 50 mcg of estrogen (Ovran) from patients taking enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs; this can be increased to 60 mcg by ta...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1136/bmj.307.6902.492

    authors: O'Brien MD,Gilmour-White S

    更新日期:1993-08-21 00:00:00

  • Period trends in rate of suicide in first 28 days after discharge from psychiatric hospital in Scotland, 1968-92.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine period trends in the rate of suicide in the first 28 days after discharge from psychiatric hospital. DESIGN:Cohort study of patients discharged from psychiatric hospital. SETTING:Scotland. SUBJECTS:All patients aged 15-84 who were discharged from Scottish psychiatric hospitals during 1968 to 199...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.311.7001.357

    authors: Geddes JR,Juszczak E

    更新日期:1995-08-05 00:00:00

  • Maternal mortality in the former east Germany before and after reunification: changes in risk by marital status.

    abstract::This paper examines the impact of marital status on maternal mortality in the period before and the period after German reunification in the area covered by the former East Germany. Maternal mortality ratio prior to the reunification was stable and declined after reunification. This can be attributed to the adoption ...

    journal_title:BMJ (Clinical research ed.)

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1136/bmj.319.7217.1104

    authors: Razum O,Jahn A,Snow R

    更新日期:1999-10-23 00:00:00