Effects of subglottal air pressure on velopharyngeal muscle activity in dogs.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:To analyze the effects of airflow in the larynx on activity of the levator veli palatini and pterygopharyngeal muscles. DESIGN:Ten adult beagle dogs were anesthetized with sodium pentobarbital. In each dog, two tracheal tubes were inserted subsequent to tracheotomy, one in the direction of the vocal folds and the other toward the lungs for respiration. In the first of three experiments, the effect of artificial airflow on electromyographic activity of the levator and pterygopharyngeal muscles was studied. In the second experiment, the effect of air pressure beneath the vocal folds on the activity of these muscles was studied. For the third experiment, the larynx was isolated surgically without cutting the bilateral superior laryngeal nerves and the effect of airflow through it examined. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION:Both outward airflow and higher pressure enhanced expiratory activity of the levator and pterygopharyngeal muscles. Receptors in the subglottal area play major roles in this enhancement. Furthermore, an increase in air pressure during expiration enhances closure of the velopharynx.

authors

Kogo M,Iida S,Senoo H,Ishii S,Hamaguchi M,Enomoto A,Matsuya T

doi

10.1597/1545-1569_2003_040_0351_eosapo_2.0.co_2

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2003-07-01 00:00:00

pages

351-5

issue

4

eissn

1055-6656

issn

1545-1569

journal_volume

40

pub_type

杂志文章
  • Association Between Hand Digit Ratio (2D:4D) and Nonsyndromic Orofacial Clefts.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Digit ratio (2D:4D) has been considered to be a marker in studies evaluating an individual's susceptibility to diseases, especially those diseases that show sex differences in their occurrence. We aimed to assess whether 2D:4D ratios are associated with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (NSCL/P) and verif...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/15-266

    authors: Mendes PHC,Barbosa CR,da Silva MTME,Paranaíba LMR,Martelli DRB,de Barros LM,Swerts MSO,Silveira MF,Júnior HM

    更新日期:2017-09-01 00:00:00

  • Craniofacial morphology in an unusual case with nasal aplasia studied by roentgencephalometry and three-dimensional CT scanning.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To examine the three-dimensional morphology of internal structures of the craniofacial region and present the orthodontic problems in an unusual case with nasal aplasia. PATIENT:The patient was an 11.5-year-old boy with aplasia of the nose and nasal cavity with extremely constricted nasopharyngeal airway. He...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/02-112

    authors: Kitai N,Iguchi Y,Takashima M,Murakami S,Kreiborg S,Kamiji T,Takada K

    更新日期:2004-03-01 00:00:00

  • Starting a Family: The Experience of Parents With Cleft Lip and/or Palate.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:One of the key challenges facing young adults with cleft lip and/or palate is making decisions about starting a family, because there is an increased likelihood of their own child being diagnosed with cleft lip and/or palate. Should this occur, a second key challenge is how to deal with their child's diagnos...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/13-314

    authors: Stock NM,Rumsey N

    更新日期:2015-07-01 00:00:00

  • Survey of services and practices of cleft palate-craniofacial teams.

    abstract::Questionnaire data about services and practices of cleft palate-craniofacial teams were obtained from 63 teams in 35 states. Findings indicate the following: (1) research was the least frequently conducted activity, although 73 percent of the teams indicated that they conducted research; and (2) the majority of those ...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/1545-1569_1992_029_0164_sosapo_2.3.co_2

    authors: Pannbacker M,Lass NJ,Scheuerle JF,English PJ

    更新日期:1992-03-01 00:00:00

  • Familial Absent Uvula With Velopharyngeal Incompetence-A New Syndrome?

    abstract::We present a family with a previously undescribed abnormality of the palate and oropharynx which involved the absence of the uvula and the anterior pillar of the fauces, rudimentary posterior pillar of the fauces, and hypernasality. Eight family members over 4 generations are affected in a pattern consistent with auto...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/1055665619880401

    authors: Sommerlad B,Seselgyte R,Lees M,Pauws E,Stanier P,Sell D

    更新日期:2020-04-01 00:00:00

  • Secondary Dentition Characteristics in Children With Nonsyndromic Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate: A Retrospective Study.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Children with cleft lip and palate are reported to be commonly associated with higher prevalence of dental anomalies such as hypodontia, supernumeraries, and abnormalities in tooth size, shape, and position. This study investigated the prevalence of dental anomalies in a longitudinal cohort of children with u...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/1055665617750489

    authors: Tan ELY,Kuek MC,Wong HC,Ong SAK,Yow M

    更新日期:2018-04-01 00:00:00

  • Volume and shape of masticatory muscles in patients with hemifacial microsomia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To test the following hypotheses in hemifacial microsomia (HFM): (1) the volumes of the masseter, lateral and medial pterygoid, and temporal muscles are reduced on the affected versus unaffected side; (2) significant differences exist between the degrees of right-left disproportion in these four masticatory m...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/1545-1569_2003_040_0006_vasomm_2.0.co_2

    authors: Takashima M,Kitai N,Murakami S,Furukawa S,Kreiborg S,Takada K

    更新日期:2003-01-01 00:00:00

  • Ultrasound-guided surgery of particulate cancellous bone and marrow from the iliac crest for cleft palate.

    abstract::Minimally invasive procedures for treatment of disease have become increasingly popular and require specialized instruments and precise imaging guidance. We here propose a technique of minimally invasive surgery with ultrasound echo-guided procedures as a less traumatic and invasive procedure to get particulate cancel...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/13-054

    authors: Kamatani T,Shirota T,Kondo S,Shintani S

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Accuracy of information reported by parents and children evaluated by a cleft palate team.

    abstract::Children with palatal clefts and their parents were interviewed to determine what information they had about the cleft and its management. Their responses were compared with the standards of 17 team members from seven disciplines. Both parent and child were consistently provided information about clefts that they were...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/1545-1569_1991_028_0329_aoirbp_2.3.co_2

    authors: Paynter ET,Edmonson TW,Jordan WJ

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • Mental Development and Surgical Prognosis of Pai Syndrome: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

    abstract::Pai syndrome is a rare congenital disorder, and there are few reports about the long-term prognosis of mental development and surgical results. Here, we report a patient with Pai syndrome who was followed up from birth up to the age of 8 years. Additionally, we review 32 articles and discuss the long-term prognosis of...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1177/1055665618771419

    authors: Imai Y,Kure S,Nara C,Takagi N,Tachi M

    更新日期:2019-02-01 00:00:00

  • An investigation of the relationship between associated congenital malformations and the mental and psychomotor development of children with clefts.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:This research studied the relationship between associated congenital malformations and the mental and psychomotor development of children with clefts. DESIGN:The study was cross-sectional. SETTING:The study was conducted in a university hospital for children. PARTICIPANTS:The sample consisted of 148 childr...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/1545-1569_2003_040_0297_aiotrb_2.0.co_2

    authors: Swanenburg de Veye HF,Beemer FA,Mellenbergh GJ,Wolters WH,Heineman-de Boer JA

    更新日期:2003-05-01 00:00:00

  • Nasometer 6200 Versus Nasometer II 6400: Effect on Measures of Nasalance.

    abstract::Objective :  This study compared measures of nasalance obtained using the Nasometer 6200 versus the Nasometer II 6400 in typically speaking young adult males and females for the nonnasal Zoo Passage, the phonetically balanced Rainbow Passage, and the Nasal Sentences. Design :  Participants read passages at a comfortab...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/11-219

    authors: Awan SN,Virani A

    更新日期:2013-05-01 00:00:00

  • Double-Loop Technique Using Titanium-Molybdenum Alloy Wire for Fabrication of Nasal Stents in Nasoalveolar Molding Therapy for Cleft Lip and Palate Patients.

    abstract::This article presents a technique for the fabrication of a modified nasoalveolar molding appliance using 0.032-inch titanium-molybdenum alloy wire for nasal stents incorporating a "double loop." The nasal stents are included in the acrylic molding plate at the time of appliance insertion. The acrylic retention button ...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/13-065

    authors: Nagraj N,Nagarjuna M

    更新日期:2013-07-31 00:00:00

  • The need for orthognathic surgery in patients with repaired complete unilateral and complete bilateral cleft lip and palate.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To determine the percentage of patients with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate and complete bilateral cleft lip and palate treated at SickKids since birth who would benefit from orthognathic surgery. DESIGN:Retrospective cohort study. SUBJECTS:The review comprised records of 258 patients with complet...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/08-176.1

    authors: Daskalogiannakis J,Mehta M

    更新日期:2009-09-01 00:00:00

  • Early two-stage palatoplasty using modified Furlow's veloplasty.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To achieve sufficient velopharyngeal function and maxillary growth for patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP), the authors have designed a new treatment protocol for palate closure involving early two-stage palatoplasty with modified Furlow veloplasty. Details of the surgical protocol and the ou...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/08-067.1

    authors: Nishio J,Yamanishi T,Kohara H,Hirano Y,Sako M,Adachi T,Mukai T,Miya S

    更新日期:2010-01-01 00:00:00

  • Fourier analysis of cephalometric shapes.

    abstract::Craniofacial growth and development involve both size and shape variations. Shape variations can be assessed independently from size using mathematical methods such as the Fourier series. A method for the reconstruction of outlines starting from selected landmarks and for their Fourier analysis has been developed and ...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/1545-1569_1996_033_0206_faocs_2.3.co_2

    authors: Ferrario VF,Sforza C,Poggio CE,D'Addona A,Taroni A

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • Microbial Profile and Dental Caries in Cleft Lip and Palate Babies Between 0 and 3 Years Old.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this study was to examine the microbiological changes in newborn babies with cleft lip palate from birth up to age 3 and to correlate them with their caries levels and mothers' microbiological data and to compare with normal infants. BASIC RESEARCH DESIGN:Prospective. SETTINGS:Marmara University,...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/1055665618776428

    authors: Durhan MA,Topcuoglu N,Kulekci G,Ozgentas E,Tanboga I

    更新日期:2019-03-01 00:00:00

  • Dental arch relationship outcomes in children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate treated at Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, Perth, Western Australia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To (1) audit dental arch relationships of all children born between 1982 and 1999 with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) treated at the Cleft Lip and Palate Unit, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children (PMH), Perth, Western Australia, (2) assess the distribution of GOSLON ratings from dental c...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/10-111

    authors: Love R,Walters M,Southall P,Singer S,Gillett D

    更新日期:2012-07-01 00:00:00

  • Early neuromotor behavior in craniosynostotic rabbits.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Clinical studies have shown both abnormal and normal mental and psychomotor development in patients with craniosynostosis. However, a number of confounding variables make study comparisons difficult. For these reasons, the present study describes early neuromotor development in an homogeneous rabbit model of ...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/1545-1569_2003_040_0486_enbicr_2.0.co_2

    authors: Mitchell RL,Barbano TE,Losken HW,Siegel MI,Mooney MP

    更新日期:2003-09-01 00:00:00

  • Demographic and reproductive factors associated with hemifacial microsomia.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To identify demographic and reproductive risk factors for hemifacial microsomia in offspring. DESIGN:In a case-control study, maternal interviews were conducted within 3 years after delivery. Cases with hemifacial microsomia were ascertained from craniofacial centers in 26 cities in the United States and Can...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章,多中心研究

    doi:10.1597/03-110.1

    authors: Werler MM,Sheehan JE,Hayes C,Padwa BL,Mitchell AA,Mulliken JB

    更新日期:2004-09-01 00:00:00

  • The genetic basis of the Pierre Robin Sequence.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS) is subgroup of the cleft palate population. As with the etiology of cleft lip or palate, the etiology of PRS is generally unknown. Some factors are suggestive of a genetic basis for PRS. The purpose of this study was to compare genetic information on PRS available in the litera...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1597/05-008.1

    authors: Jakobsen LP,Knudsen MA,Lespinasse J,García Ayuso C,Ramos C,Fryns JP,Bugge M,Tommerup N

    更新日期:2006-03-01 00:00:00

  • Relationship between cleft severity and dentocraniofacial morphology in Japanese subjects with isolated cleft palate and complete unilateral cleft lip and palate.

    abstract::Relationships between the width of the palatal cleft measured at palatoplasty and the craniofacial morphology or the occlusal conditions present at approximately 4 years of age were studied in 25 cleft palate (CP) and 39 complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (UCLP) subjects treated at the Dental Clinic of Kyushu Un...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/1545-1569_1993_030_0175_rbcsad_2.3.co_2

    authors: Suzuki A,Mukai Y,Ohishi M,Miyanoshita Y,Tashiro H

    更新日期:1993-03-01 00:00:00

  • Dental Anomalies in Permanent Teeth Associated With Nonsyndromic Cleft Lip and Palate in a Group of Colombian Children.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To assess the risk of dental anomaly presentation in permanent teeth in a group of Colombian children with nonsyndromic cleft lip and palate (NSCLP) and to determine the frequency of the anomalies according to the cleft type. METHODS:An analytical matched case-control study was conducted with 210 controls a...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/1055665619861498

    authors: Yezioro-Rubinsky S,Eslava-Schmalbach JH,Otero L,Rodríguez-Aguirre SA,Duque ÁM,Campos FM,Gómez JP,Gómez-Arango S,Posso-Moreno SL,Rojas NE,Garzón-Orjuela N

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • The Use of Acellular Dermal Matrix in Combination With Pedicled Buccal Fat Pad in Wide Cleft Palate Repair: A Case Report and Literature Review.

    abstract::We describe a case of the combined use of acellular dermal matrix and pedicled buccal fat pad (BFP) in a wide U-shaped cleft palate repair. Acellular dermal matrix was used as a "patch" repair for the nasal mucosa defect as opposed to the conventional inlay graft. The advantages include reduced cost and a smaller avas...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审

    doi:10.1177/1055665619851915

    authors: Goh BKL,Chia HL

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00

  • Three-dimensional morphology of the palate in subjects with isolated cleft palate at the stage of permanent dentition.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:Three-dimensional analysis of palate size and shape in patients with isolated cleft palate at the stage of permanent dentition. DESIGN:Cross-sectional study using Fourier transform profilometry. SUBJECTS:Twenty-nine randomly selected dental casts of approximately 15-year-old boys with isolated cleft palate ...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/1545-1569_2003_040_0577_tmotpi_2.0.co_2

    authors: Smahel Z,Trefný P,Formánek P,Müllerová Z,Peterka M

    更新日期:2003-11-01 00:00:00

  • Comparative salivary proteomics of cleft palate patients.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate salivary proteins with proteomic technologies to evaluate protein composition differences between samples with cleft lip and palate and healthy controls. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS:Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem time-of-flight (MALDI TOF/TOF) mass spectrometry was used as a high...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/10-135

    authors: Szabo GT,Tihanyi R,Csulak F,Jambor E,Bona A,Szabo G,Mark L

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Side of dental anomalies and taurodontism as potential clinical markers for cleft subphenotypes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:The aim of this work was to investigate in more detail the dental clinical features that could serve to define subphenotypes of oral clefts. DESIGN:Dental records of oral cleft subjects from a group of 164 cases were examined, and 157 were included in this study. In addition, 65 families with two or more sib...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/09-159

    authors: Küchler EC,da Motta LG,Vieira AR,Granjeiro JM

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Factors influencing early childhood caries of cleft lip and/or palate children aged 18 to 36 months in southern Thailand.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:To clarify whether oral health care behavior or oral cleft status influences early childhood caries in southern Thailand cleft children. DESIGN:A comparative cross-sectional study. PATIENTS, PARTICIPANTS:A total of 138 southern Thai children aged 18 to 36 months comprised two groups of 69 participants, one ...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/07-017.1

    authors: Mutarai T,Ritthagol W,Hunsrisakhun J

    更新日期:2008-09-01 00:00:00

  • Coping with a cleft II: Factors associated with psychosocial adjustment of adolescents with a cleft lip and palate and their parents.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:TO explore the factors that predict psychosocial adjustment in young people with a cleft and their parents. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, SETTING: The study used a cross-sectional postal questionnaire design involving young people aged between 11 and 16 and their parents from two cleft services. Data are presented fo...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1597/08-094

    authors: Berger ZE,Dalton LJ

    更新日期:2011-01-01 00:00:00

  • Adherence to Orthodontic Treatment in Youth With Craniofacial Conditions: A Survey of US Orthodontists.

    abstract:OBJECTIVE:(1) To explore orthodontists' perceptions of nonadherence and related factors in their patients with craniofacial conditions; (2) to examine differences in adherence perceptions by provider characteristics; (3) to evaluate current adherence interventions. DESIGN:Cross-sectional. SETTING:United States-based ...

    journal_title:The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association

    pub_type: 杂志文章

    doi:10.1177/1055665619853132

    authors: Crerand CE,Kapa HM,Litteral J,Da Silveira AC,Markey MK

    更新日期:2019-11-01 00:00:00