Cephalometric analysis of the consolidation phase following bilateral pediatric mandibular distraction.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:The goal of the consolidation phase of mandible distraction is to maintain the improvement in maxillomandibular form and relationship while the generated tissue ossifies. During this period, external deforming forces can act on the healing generated bone. The purpose of this study was to describe the potential cephalometric changes that occur following pediatric bilateral mandibular distraction using external devices. DESIGN:Retrospective lateral superimposition cephalometric analyses. PARTICIPANTS:Thirty-five cases of pediatric mandible distraction were reviewed. Seven of these cases were included in the study after exclusion criteria were applied. These cases represented a group with severe congenital dysmorphology and a mean device activation of 26.5 mm. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:Changes in pogonion position, symphyseal plane rotation, mandible length, and mandible length relative to maxillary length during the 18 to 36 days of activation, the eight weeks of consolidation, and the 1-year period following removal of the distraction device were measured. RESULTS:All patients demonstrated variable changes in position of the mandible during the consolidation phase. The most common were retrusion of pogonion, a decrease in mandible length, and a clockwise rotation of the symphyseal plane. In some cases the changes that occurred during consolidation were greater than those that occurred on 1-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS:The consolidation phase of distraction osteogenesis is a dynamic phase and should not be assumed to be static. Multicenter use of this cephalometric technique would help to identify potential risk factors associated with postactivation changes.

authors

Hopper RA,Altug AT,Grayson BH,Barillas I,Sato Y,Cutting CB,McCarthy JG

doi

10.1597/1545-1569_2003_040_0233_caotcp_2.0.co_2

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2003-05-01 00:00:00

pages

233-40

issue

3

eissn

1055-6656

issn

1545-1569

journal_volume

40

pub_type

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