Chronic stress inhibits hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid axis and brown adipose tissue responses to acute cold exposure in male rats.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:Cold exposure activates the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, response blunted by previous acute stress or corticosterone administration. Chronic stressors can decrease serum T3 concentration, and thyrotropin-releasing hormone (Trh) expression in the paraventricular nucleus (PVN), but impact on the response to cold is unknown; this was studied in rats submitted to daily repeated restraint (rRes) that causes habituation of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis response, or to chronic variable stress (CVS) that causes sensitization and hyperreactivity. METHODS:Wistar male adult rats were submitted to rRes 30 min/day, or to CVS twice a day, for 15 days. On day 16, rats were exposed 1 h to either 5 or 21 °C. Parameters of HPT and HPA axes activity and of brown adipose tissue (BAT) cold response were measured; gene expression in PVN and BAT, by RT-PCR; serum hormone concentration by radioimmunoassay or ELISA. RESULTS:Compared to naïve animals, Crh and corticosterone concentrations were attenuated at the end of rRes, but increased at the end of CVS treatments. Cold exposure increased mRNA levels of Crh, Trh, and serum concentration of thyrotropin in naïve, but not in rRes or CVS rats; corticosterone increased in all groups. Cold induced expression of thermogenic genes in BAT (Dio2 and Ucp1) in naïve but not in stressed rats; Adrb3 expression was differentially regulated. CONCLUSION:Both types of chronic stress blunted HPT and BAT responses to cold. Long-term stress effects on noradrenergic and/or hormonal signaling are likely responsible for HPT dysfunction and not the type of chronic stressor.

journal_name

J Endocrinol Invest

authors

Castillo-Campos A,Gutiérrez-Mata A,Charli JL,Joseph-Bravo P

doi

10.1007/s40618-020-01328-z

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-07-30 00:00:00

eissn

0391-4097

issn

1720-8386

pii

10.1007/s40618-020-01328-z

pub_type

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