Risk factors for spontaneous miscarriage above 12 weeks or premature delivery in patients undergoing cervical polypectomy during pregnancy.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:It currently remains unknown whether the resection of cervical polyps during pregnancy leads to miscarriage and/or preterm birth. This study evaluated the risk of spontaneous PTB below 34 or 37 weeks and miscarriage above 12 weeks in patients undergoing cervical polypectomy during pregnancy. METHODS:This was a retrospective monocentric cohort study of patients undergoing cervical polypectomy for clinical indication. Seventy-three pregnant women who underwent polypectomy were selected, and risk factors associated with miscarriage above 12 weeks or premature delivery below 34 or 37 weeks were investigated. A multivariable regression looking for predictors of spontaneous miscarriage > 12 weeks and PTB < 34 or 37 weeks were performed. RESULTS:Sixteen patients (21.9%, 16/73) had spontaneous delivery at < 34 weeks or miscarriage above 12 weeks. A univariate analysis showed that bleeding before polypectomy [odds ratio (OR) 7.7, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.6-37.3, p = 0.004], polyp width ≥ 12 mm (OR 4.0, 95% CI 1.2-13.1, p = 0.005), the proportion of decidual polyps (OR 8.1, 95% CI 1.00-65.9, p = 0.024), and polypectomy at ≤10 weeks (OR 5.2, 95% CI 1.3-20.3, p = 0.01) were significantly higher in delivery at < 34 weeks than at ≥34 weeks. A logistic regression analysis identified polyp width ≥ 12 mm (OR 11.8, 95% CI 2.8-77.5, p = 0.001), genital bleeding before polypectomy (OR 6.5, 95% CI 1.2-55.7, p = 0.025), and polypectomy at ≤10 weeks (OR 5.9, 95% CI 1.2-45.0, p = 0.028) as independent risk factors for predicting delivery at < 34 weeks. Polyp width ≥ 12 mm and bleeding before polypectomy are risk factors for PTB < 37 wks. CONCLUSIONS:Our cohort of patients undergoing polypectomy in pregnancy have high risks of miscarriage or spontaneous premature delivery. It is unclear whether these risks are given by the underlying disease, by surgical treatment or both. This study establishes clinically relevant predictors of PTB are polyp size> 12 mm, bleeding and first trimester polypectomy. PTB risks should be exposed to patients and extensively discussed with balancing against the benefits of intervention in pregnancy.

authors

Fukuta K,Yoneda S,Yoneda N,Shiozaki A,Nakashima A,Minamisaka T,Imura J,Saito S

doi

10.1186/s12884-019-2710-z

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2020-01-09 00:00:00

pages

27

issue

1

issn

1471-2393

pii

10.1186/s12884-019-2710-z

journal_volume

20

pub_type

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