The effects and the mechanisms of autophagy on the cancer-associated fibroblasts in cancer.

Abstract:

:Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) plays an essential role in cancer cell growth, metabolism and immunoreaction. Autophagy is an intracellular self-degradative process that balances cell energy source and regulates tissue homeostasis. Targeting autophagy has gained interest with multiple preclinical and clinical trials, such as the pharmacological inhibitor chloroquine or the inducer rapamycin, especially in exploiting its ability to modulate the secretory capability of CAFs to enhance drug delivery or inhibit it to prevent its influence on cancer cell chemoresistance. In this review, we summarize the reports on autophagy in cancer-associated fibroblasts by detailing the mechanism and role of autophagy in CAFs, including the hypoxic-autophagy positive feedback cycle, the metabolic cross-talk between CAFs and tumors induced by autophagy, CAFs secreted cytokines promote cancer survival by secretory autophagy, CAFs autophagy-induced EMT, stemness, senescence and treatment sensitivity, as well as the research of antitumor chemicals, miRNAs and lncRNAs. Additionally, we discuss the evidence of molecules in CAFs that are relevant to autophagy and the contribution to sensitive treatments as a potential target for cancer treatment.

journal_name

J Exp Clin Cancer Res

authors

Yan Y,Chen X,Wang X,Zhao Z,Hu W,Zeng S,Wei J,Yang X,Qian L,Zhou S,Sun L,Gong Z,Xu Z

doi

10.1186/s13046-019-1172-5

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2019-04-23 00:00:00

pages

171

issue

1

eissn

0392-9078

issn

1756-9966

pii

10.1186/s13046-019-1172-5

journal_volume

38

pub_type

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