Increased expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, MCP-1, and MIP-1 alpha by spinal perivascular macrophages during experimental allergic encephalomyelitis in rats.

Abstract:

BACKGROUND:T-cells extravasation and CNS parenchyma infiltration during autoimmune neurodegenerative disease can be evoked by local antigen presenting cells. Studying the chemoattracting potential of spinal perivascular macrophages (SPM) during experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE), we observed numerous infiltrates of densely-packed mononuclear cells. Apart from the poor spatial and optical resolution, no differentiation between the resident SPM (mabs ED1+, ED2+) and the just recruited monocytes/macrophages (mab ED1+) was possible. RESULTS:This is why we labeled SPM by injections of different fluoresecent dyes into the lateral cerebral ventricle before induction of active EAE. Within an additional experimental set EAE was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of T-cells specifically sensitized to myelin basic protein (MBP) and engineered to express the green fluorescent protein (GFP). In both experiments we observed a strong activation of SPM (mabs OX6+, SILK6+, CD40+, CD80+, CD86+) which was accompanied by a consistently increased expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, and the chemokines MCP-1 and MIP-1alpha. CONCLUSION:These observations indicate that SPM play a role in promoting lymphocyte extravasation.

journal_name

BMC Immunol

journal_title

BMC immunology

authors

Hofmann N,Lachnit N,Streppel M,Witter B,Neiss WF,Guntinas-Lichius O,Angelov DN

doi

10.1186/1471-2172-3-11

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2002-08-26 00:00:00

pages

11

issn

1471-2172

journal_volume

3

pub_type

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