Both extracellular ATP and shear stress regulate the release of nitric oxide in rat caudal artery.

Abstract:

:1. To elucidate the physiological role of nitric oxide (NO) in regulating vascular tone, the effects of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME), an NO synthase inhibitor, on the vasoconstrictor response to noradrenaline (NA) in rat caudal artery was examined. 2. NG-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester significantly potentiated the NA-induced increase in perfusion pressure in the perfused caudal artery, but did not affect the NA-induced contraction in caudal artery ring preparations. In addition, an increase in perfusion pressure mechanically produced by a stepwise increase in flow rate was not affected by L-NAME. 3. Noradrenaline evoked a significant increase in the release of endogenous ATP and its metabolites from the perfused artery, whereas increased perfusion pressure as a result of increased flow rate did not evoke release of endogenous ATP. 4. In the presence of exogenously applied ATP, L-NAME significantly potentiated the increase in perfusion pressure produced by increased flow rate. 5. These results indicate that perfused vascular tone is regulated by endogenous NO and suggest that extracellular ATP may participate in the synthesis and release of NO by shear stress in endothelial cells in the rat caudal artery.

authors

Kwon YM,Shinozuka K,Kagota S,Yamaguchi Y,Nakamura K,Kunitomo M

doi

10.1046/j.1440-1681.1999.03062.x

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

1999-05-01 00:00:00

pages

465-9

issue

5-6

eissn

0305-1870

issn

1440-1681

journal_volume

26

pub_type

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