Effects of two different somatostatin analogs on glucose tolerance in acromegaly.

Abstract:

:Impaired glucose tolerance is present in many acromegalic patients and treatment with somatostatin analogs has variable effects on glycemic control. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of 2 somatostatin analogs on glucose metabolism, lanreotide slow release (L-SR) and octreotide long acting release (O-LAR), in 10 patients with acromegaly (2 of whom with overt Type 2 diabetes mellitus). Glucose and insulin levels in fasting conditions and in response to OGTT, evaluated as AUC, insulin resistance (IR) evaluated by homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c), GH, IGF-I, were assessed during L-SR and O-LAR treatment. Mean fasting glucose, glucose response to OGTT and HbA1c levels in 8 non-diabetic patients did not significantly change after L-SR therapy while they all increased after O-LAR treatment (p<0.05 vs baseline and L-SR). Mean HOMA-IR values calculated in acromegalic patients before medical therapy were higher than in normal subjects (p<0.005) and showed a significant decrease during both treatments (p<0.05). In the 2 diabetic acromegalic patients a worsening in glucose metabolism was observed during O-LAR treatment but not during L-SR. GH and IGF-I levels significantly decreased with both drugs and normalized respectively in 38% and 12% with L-SR, 50% and 25% with O-LAR. In conclusion, both drugs decreased IR in acromegalic patients; O-LAR seems to be more detrimental to glucose metabolism than L-SR, despite being more effective in reducing GH and IGF-I levels.

journal_name

J Endocrinol Invest

authors

Ronchi C,Epaminonda P,Cappiello V,Beck-Peccoz P,Arosio M

doi

10.1007/BF03345491

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2002-06-01 00:00:00

pages

502-7

issue

6

eissn

0391-4097

issn

1720-8386

pii

5933

journal_volume

25

pub_type

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