Role of CA(2+)-activated K+ channels in the regulation of basilar arterial tone in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Abstract:

:1. Ionic channels appear to play an important role in contractile responses of the cerebral arteries and, thereby, contribute to the regulation of cerebral circulation. In the present study, we investigated the role of large-conductance Ca(2+)-activated K+ (BK(Ca)) channels in the regulation of cerebral arterial tone during chronic hypertension. 2. Ring segments of the basilar artery from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were placed in bath chambers and the isometric tension of each ring was measured. 3. Application of inhibitors of BK(Ca) channels, namely tetraethylammonium (TEA; > or = 0.1 mmol/L) and charybdotoxin (CTX; > or = 0.1 nmol/L), produced spontaneous contraction with rhythmic oscillation in the basilar artery from SHR. 4. The oscillatory contraction was not induced by 5-hydroxytryptamine (0.01-10 micromol/L) or depolarization by external high K+ (20-60 mmol/L). 5. The rhythmic contraction was completely abolished by either the removal of external Ca(2+) or the application of nicardipine (10 nmol/L). 6. The oscillation was not affected by the substitution of external Cl(-) by various equimolar anions (i.e. acetate, benezenesulphonate, bromide and isethianate). 7. The amplitude of the oscillation was dose-dependently increased by the vasodilators forskolin and sodium nitroprusside, as well as by stimulation of the endothelium with histamine and acetylcholine, whereas the frequency was decreased. 8. In contrast, the oscillation was eliminated by depletion of Ca(2+) stores by caffeine. Neither TEA (10 mmol/L) nor CTX (10 nmol/L) produced any significant contraction of the basilar artery in WKY rats. 9. These results suggest that BK(Ca) channels may play an important role in regulating the resting tone of the cerebral artery in SHR.

authors

Kamouchi M,Kitazono T,Nagao T,Fujishima M,Ibayashi S

doi

10.1046/j.1440-1681.2002.03688.x

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2002-07-01 00:00:00

pages

575-81

issue

7

eissn

0305-1870

issn

1440-1681

pii

3688

journal_volume

29

pub_type

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