Remission of acromegaly after treatment withdrawal in patients controlled by cabergoline alone or in combination with octreotide: results from a multicenter study.

Abstract:

PURPOSE:Remission of acromegaly has been reported after somatostatin analogs withdrawal, but not after withdrawal of combination therapy with cabergoline, and only in case reports of patients controlled by cabergoline alone. METHODS:To establish the remission rates (normal IGF-1 for age/sex: IGF-1 ≤ 1.00 xULN) after withdrawal of combined treatment with octreotide LAR and cabergoline and of cabergoline alone, we prospectively studied 16 patients with acromegaly controlled by those treatments in the preceding 2 years as part of a larger study on remission of acromegaly after withdrawal of different medical treatments. RESULTS:Among 97 patients with controlled acromegaly included in the entire study, only 16 patients had been on combination therapy (n = 12) or cabergoline alone (n = 4). At 8 weeks after treatment withdrawal, three patients (19%) were in remission (short-term remission). At 60 weeks (long-term remission), IGF-1 levels were still in the normal range in two patients (12.5%) and remained normal up to 108 weeks after treatment withdrawal (last visit). One patient had been treated with cabergoline alone and another one with combination of octreotide and cabergoline before treatment withdrawal. CONCLUSION:Remission of acromegaly after treatment withdrawal seems to be uncommon in patients controlled by cabergoline, either as monotherapy or in combination with octreotide. In the future, larger studies and/or meta-analysis will be necessary to accurately establish the remission rates of acromegaly after withdrawal of cabergoline with or without somatostatin analogs.

journal_name

J Endocrinol Invest

authors

Casagrande A,Bronstein MD,Jallad RS,Mota JI,Tabet A,Abucham J

doi

10.1007/s40618-016-0595-5

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2017-05-01 00:00:00

pages

523-528

issue

5

eissn

0391-4097

issn

1720-8386

pii

10.1007/s40618-016-0595-5

journal_volume

40

pub_type

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