Somatic and cognitive-affective depressive symptoms among patients with heart disease: differences by sex and age.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:this study investigated the association of somatic and cognitive-affective symptoms with sex and age, among patients hospitalized with heart disease. METHOD:this study was a secondary analysis of two previous observational studies totaling 531 patients with heart disease, hospitalized from 2005 to 2011 in two public hospitals in Ribeirão Preto, state of São Paulo, Brazil. Somatic and cognitive-affective symptoms were assessed using the subscales of the Beck Depression Inventory - I (BDI-I). RESULTS:of 531 participants, 62.7% were male, with a mean age 57.3 years (SD= 13.0) for males and 56.2 years (SD= 12.1) for females. Analyses of variance showed an effect of sex (p<0.001 for somatic and p=0.005 for cognitive-affective symptoms), but no effect of age. Women presented with higher mean values than men in both BDI-I subscales: 7.1 (4.5) vs. 5.4 (4.3) for somatic, and 8.3 (7.9) vs. 6.7 (7.2) for cognitive-affective symptoms. There were no differences by age for somatic (p=0.84) or cognitive-affective symptoms (p=0.84). CONCLUSION:women hospitalized with heart disease had more somatic and cognitive-affective symptoms than men. We found no association of somatic and cognitive-affective symptoms with age. Future research for these patients could reveal whether these differences according to sex continue throughout the rehabilitation process.

journal_name

Rev Lat Am Enfermagem

authors

Dessotte CA,Silva FS,Furuya RK,Ciol MA,Hoffman JM,Dantas RA

doi

10.1590/0104-1169.0287.2544

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2015-02-01 00:00:00

pages

208-15

issue

2

eissn

0104-1169

issn

1518-8345

pii

S0104-11692015000200005

journal_volume

23

pub_type

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