What have transgenic and knockout animals taught us about respiratory disease?

Abstract:

:Over the past decade there has been a significant shift to the use of murine models for investigations into the molecular basis of respiratory diseases, including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. These models offer the exciting prospect of dissecting the complex interaction between cytokines, chemokines and growth related peptides in disease pathogenesis. Furthermore, the receptors and the intracellular signalling pathways that are subsequently activated are amenable for study because of the availability of monoclonal antibodies and techniques for targeted gene disruption and gene incorporation for individual mediators, receptors and proteins. However, it is clear that extrapolation from these models to the human condition is not straightforward, as reflected by some recent clinical disappointments. This is not necessarily a problem with the use of mice itself, but results from our continued ignorance of the disease process and how to improve the modelling of complex interactions between different inflammatory mediators that underlie clinical pathology. This review highlights some of the strengths and weaknesses of murine models of respiratory disease.

journal_name

Respir Res

journal_title

Respiratory research

authors

Vasquez YR,Spina D

doi

10.1186/rr17

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2000-01-01 00:00:00

pages

82-6

issue

2

eissn

1465-9921

issn

1465-993X

journal_volume

1

pub_type

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