Social anxiety in Chinese adults with oral-facial clefts.

Abstract:

OBJECTIVE:This study examined social anxiety and measures of psychosocial adjustment in Chinese adults with oral-facial clefts, their unaffected siblings, and age-matched controls. DESIGN:This cross-sectional study utilized a matched case-control study design. PARTICIPANTS:Eighty-five adult cleft lip and cleft palate (CL/CP) subjects and 85 unaffected siblings (one adult sibling of each CL/CP subject) were recruited in Shanghai, China, from a larger CL/CP study. Eighty-five unaffected controls, gender- and age-matched to the CL/CP subjects, were recruited from Shanghai work units including factories, universities, and other institutions. OUTCOME MEASURES:Social Avoidance and Distress Scale, Fear of Negative Evaluation, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Interpersonal Support Evaluation List. RESULTS:Affected adults reported significantly more social anxiety than unaffected siblings and controls. Affected adults also scored significantly lower on measures of self-esteem and social support than unaffected siblings and controls. Unaffected siblings and controls were not found to differ on any of these measures. CONCLUSIONS:Findings suggest that individuals with oral-facial clefts may be more disadvantaged with respect to social affiliation and adaptation than unaffected adults. Cross-cultural research is essential in enabling us to determine whether similar trends exist across cultures.

authors

Berk NW,Cooper ME,Liu YE,Marazita ML

doi

10.1597/1545-1569_2001_038_0126_saicaw_2.0.co_2

keywords:

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2001-03-01 00:00:00

pages

126-33

issue

2

eissn

1055-6656

issn

1545-1569

journal_volume

38

pub_type

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