When is a disease eradicable? 100 years of lessons learned.


:Since the 1915 launch of the first international eradication initiative targeting a human pathogen, much has been learned about the determinants of eradicability of an organism. The authors outline the first 4 eradication efforts, summarizing the lessons learned in terms of the 3 types of criteria for disease eradication programs: (1) biological and technical feasibility, (2) costs and benefits, and (3) societal and political considerations.


Am J Public Health


Aylward B,Hennessey KA,Zagaria N,Olivé JM,Cochi S




Has Abstract


2000-10-01 00:00:00












  • Risk communication activities of state health agencies.

    abstract::Surveys concerning the risk communication practices and needs of state health agencies were completed by agency commissioners and designated staff of 48 states and territories. These data indicate that agencies are expending more effort on responding to requests for information than on initiating dialogues with intere...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Chess C,Salomone KL,Sandman PM

    更新日期:1991-04-01 00:00:00

  • Neural tube defects in Jamaica following Hurricane Gilbert.

    abstract::An increased incidence of obvious live-birth neural tube defects (i.e., spina bifida cystica and encephalocele) occurred in Jamaica 11 to 18 months after Hurricane Gilbert. The conceptions of the affected babies coincided with a rise in megaloblastic change in sickle cell patients, suggesting a wide-spread drop in die...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Duff EM,Cooper ES

    更新日期:1994-03-01 00:00:00

  • Assessing alternative measures of wealth in health research.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We assessed whether it would be feasible to replace the standard measure of net worth with simpler measures of wealth in population-based studies examining associations between wealth and health. METHODS:We used data from the 2004 Survey of Consumer Finances (respondents aged 25-64 years) and the 2004 Healt...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cubbin C,Pollack C,Flaherty B,Hayward M,Sania A,Vallone D,Braveman P

    更新日期:2011-05-01 00:00:00

  • Ethical dilemmas in current planning for polio eradication.

    abstract::Intensification of polio eradication efforts worldwide raises concerns about costs and benefits for poor countries. A major argument for global funding is the high benefit-cost ratio of eradication; however, financial benefits are greatest for rich countries. By contrast, the greatest costs are borne by poor countries...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Taylor CE,Cutts F,Taylor ME

    更新日期:1997-06-01 00:00:00

  • Community education for cardiovascular disease prevention: risk factor changes in the Minnesota Heart Health Program.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The Minnesota Heart Health Program is a 13-year research and demonstration project to reduce morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease in whole communities. METHODS:Three pairs of communities were matched on size and type; each pair had one education site and one comparison site. After baseline su...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Luepker RV,Murray DM,Jacobs DR Jr,Mittelmark MB,Bracht N,Carlaw R,Crow R,Elmer P,Finnegan J,Folsom AR

    更新日期:1994-09-01 00:00:00

  • Local Public Health Department Characteristics Associated With Likelihood to Participate in National Accreditation.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined factors associated with completing, initiating, or intending to pursue voluntary national accreditation among local health departments (LHDs). METHODS:We examined National Association of County and City Health Officials 2010 and 2013 profile data in a pooled cross-sectional design with bivariate...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Yeager VA,Ferdinand AO,Beitsch LM,Menachemi N

    更新日期:2015-08-01 00:00:00

  • Diaper Need Met Among Low-Income US Children Younger Than 4 Years in 2016.

    abstract::Objectives. To document the collective effort of diaper banks in the United States and to estimate the percentage of low-income children whose diaper need is met through these efforts.Methods. For each state, we compared the number of children younger than 4 years in families living at or below 200% of the federal pov...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Massengale KEC,Comer LH,Austin AE,Goldblum JS

    更新日期:2020-01-01 00:00:00

  • An interactive CD-ROM for nutrition screening and counseling.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:The goal of this project was to develop an interactive CD-ROM for nutrition screening and counseling, designed to produce dietary behavior change in fat and fruit and vegetable intake. METHODS:The design was based on principles of relevance to the learner, readiness for change, feedback, individualization, ...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Block G,Miller M,Harnack L,Kayman S,Mandel S,Cristofar S

    更新日期:2000-05-01 00:00:00

  • A randomized trial of augmented prenatal care for multiple-risk, Medicaid-eligible African American women.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This project investigated whether augmented prenatal care for high-risk African American women would improve pregnancy outcomes and patients' knowledge of risks, satisfaction with care, and behavior. METHODS:The women enrolled were African American, were eligible for Medicaid, had scored 10 or higher on a r...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Klerman LV,Ramey SL,Goldenberg RL,Marbury S,Hou J,Cliver SP

    更新日期:2001-01-01 00:00:00

  • Genetic screening for reproductive planning: methodological and conceptual issues in policy analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This paper explores several critical assumptions and methodological issues arising in cost-effectiveness analyses of genetic screening strategies in the reproductive setting. METHODS:Seven issues that arose in the development of a decision analysis of alternative strategies for cystic fibrosis carrier scree...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Asch DA,Hershey JC,Pauly MV,Patton JP,Jedrziewski MK,Mennuti MT

    更新日期:1996-05-01 00:00:00

  • An impact evaluation of a federal mine safety training regulation on injury rates among US stone, sand, and gravel mine workers: an interrupted time-series analysis.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We evaluated the impact of a safety training regulation, implemented by the US Department of Labor's Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) in 1999, on injury rates at stone, sand, and gravel mining operations. METHODS:We applied a time-series design and analyses with quarterly counts of nonfatal inju...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Monforton C,Windsor R

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Influences of cross-border mobility on tuberculosis diagnoses and treatment interruption among injection drug users in Tijuana, Mexico.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to identify correlates of reported lifetime diagnoses of TB among injection drug users in the border city of Tijuana, Mexico. METHODS:Injection drug users in Tijuana were recruited into a prospective cohort study during 2006 and 2007. We used weighted multivariate logistic regression to identify c...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Deiss R,Garfein RS,Lozada R,Burgos JL,Brouwer KC,Moser KS,Zuniga ML,Rodwell TC,Ojeda VD,Strathdee SA

    更新日期:2009-08-01 00:00:00

  • Admission and mid-stay MedisGroups scores as predictors of death within 30 days of hospital admission.

    abstract::We examined the ability of MedisGroups, a severity measure based on clinical data abstracted from the medical record, to predict mortality 30 days following admission. MedisGroups measures severity both on admission and approximately one week into the hospital stay. The data base was a random sample of 20,985 admissio...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Iezzoni LI,Ash AS,Coffman G,Moskowitz MA

    更新日期:1991-01-01 00:00:00

  • Worldwide Prevalence and Trends in Unintentional Drug Overdose: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    abstract:BACKGROUND:Drug overdose is an important, yet an inadequately understood, public health problem. Global attention to unintentional drug overdose has been limited by comparison with the scope of the problem. There has been a substantial increase in drug overdose incidence and prevalence in several countries worldwide ov...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Martins SS,Sampson L,Cerdá M,Galea S

    更新日期:2015-11-01 00:00:00

  • A closer examination of neonatal mortality rates among the Texas Spanish surname population.

    abstract::Considering the poor socioeconomic status of the Spanish surnamed population in Texas, the Spanish surname neonatal mortality rate seems surprisingly low. During five of the last 10 years, the neonatal mortality rate for Texas Spanish surnamed population was actually lower than for Anglos. It is often suggested that t...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Powell-Griner E,Streck D

    更新日期:1982-09-01 00:00:00

  • Supply-Side Disruption in Cocaine Production Associated With Cocaine-Related Maternal and Child Health Outcomes in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:To investigate the effects of precursor chemical regulation aimed at reducing cocaine production on cocaine-related maternal and newborn hospital stays in the United States. METHODS:We analyzed monthly counts of maternal and neonatal stays from January 2002 through December 2013 by using a quasi-experimenta...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Delcher C,Livingston M,Wang Y,Mowitz M,Maldonado-Molina M,Goldberger BA

    更新日期:2017-05-01 00:00:00

  • A preliminary analysis of the receipt of mental health services consistent with national standards among children in the child welfare system.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to examine the extent to which children in the child welfare system receive mental health care consistent with national standards. METHODS:We used data from 4 waves (3 years of follow-up) of the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being, the nation's first longitudinal study of children i...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Raghavan R,Inoue M,Ettner SL,Hamilton BH,Landsverk J

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • The science of eliminating health disparities: summary and analysis of the NIH summit recommendations.

    abstract::In December 2008, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) sponsored the first NIH Summit showcasing its investment and contribution to health disparities research and unveiling a framework for moving this important field forward. The Summit, titled "The Science of Eliminating Health Disparities," drew on extensive exp...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dankwa-Mullan I,Rhee KB,Williams K,Sanchez I,Sy FS,Stinson N Jr,Ruffin J

    更新日期:2010-04-01 00:00:00

  • "Speaking the dialect": understanding public discourse in the aftermath of an HIV vaccine trial shutdown.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We investigated how persons from key populations at higher risk of HIV exposure interpreted the process and outcomes of the Step Study HIV-1 vaccine trial, which was terminated early, and implications for willingness to participate in and community support for HIV vaccine research. METHODS:We used qualitati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Newman PA,Logie C,James L,Charles T,Maxwell J,Salam K,Woodford M

    更新日期:2011-09-01 00:00:00

  • Disparities in diabetes: the nexus of race, poverty, and place.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We sought to determine the role of neighborhood poverty and racial composition on race disparities in diabetes prevalence. METHODS:We used data from the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and 2000 US Census to estimate the impact of individual race and poverty and neighborhood racial...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gaskin DJ,Thorpe RJ Jr,McGinty EE,Bower K,Rohde C,Young JH,LaVeist TA,Dubay L

    更新日期:2014-11-01 00:00:00

  • Measuring severity of illness: comparisons across institutions.

    abstract::Conventional methods for classifying patients with respect to utilization of health care resources are based almost exclusively on diagnostic criteria. We review a new severity of illness index which is generic to most medical and surgical conditions in a hospital, and which has been found to produce subgroups of pati...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Horn SD

    更新日期:1983-01-01 00:00:00

  • Do sex and ethnic differences in smoking initiation mask similarities in cessation behavior?

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:This study compared success in smoking cessation by sex, ethnic status, and birth cohort. METHODS:African and European American respondents to the 1996 Current Population Survey (tobacco supplement) and the 1987 National Health Interview Survey (cancer control and cancer epidemiology supplements) constitute...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McGrady GA,Pederson LL

    更新日期:2002-06-01 00:00:00

  • The association of sexual orientation measures with young adults' health-related outcomes.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We examined associations among 3 dimensions of sexual orientation (identity, behavior, and attraction) and key health-related indicators commonly studied among sexual minority populations: depressive symptoms, perceived stress, smoking, binge drinking, and victimization. METHODS:We analyzed data from the Na...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lindley LL,Walsemann KM,Carter JW Jr

    更新日期:2012-06-01 00:00:00

  • Promotion of physical activity among high-school girls: a randomized controlled trial.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:Many adolescent girls fail to meet national guidelines for physical activity, and the prevalence of obesity is increasing among this group. Our study examined the effects of a comprehensive school-based intervention on physical activity among high-school girls. METHODS:A group-randomized controlled field tr...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Pate RR,Ward DS,Saunders RP,Felton G,Dishman RK,Dowda M

    更新日期:2005-09-01 00:00:00

  • Feeling bad: exploring sources of distress among pre-adolescent children.

    abstract::Previous studies of stress in childhood have used instruments containing items describing events/conditions thought by adults to be stressful for children. In interviews with 5th- and 6th-grade children, we asked them to describe circumstances that would make or had made them feel bad, nervous, or worried. After prete...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lewis CE,Siegel JM,Lewis MA

    更新日期:1984-02-01 00:00:00

  • Dimensions of sexual orientation and the prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders in the United States.

    abstract:OBJECTIVES:We used data from a nationally representative sample to examine the associations among 3 dimensions of sexual orientation (identity, attraction, and behavior), lifetime and past-year mood and anxiety disorders, and sex. METHODS:We analyzed data from wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Bostwick WB,Boyd CJ,Hughes TL,McCabe SE

    更新日期:2010-03-01 00:00:00

  • An analysis of occupational risks for brain cancer.

    abstract::We evaluated the risks of brain cancer in relation to employment history in a case-control study of 312 cases and 1,248 cancer controls. Subjects were identified through the Missouri Cancer Registry for the period 1984 through 1988. Job classification was based on data routinely abstracted from hospital records. Eleva...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brownson RC,Reif JS,Chang JC,Davis JR

    更新日期:1990-02-01 00:00:00

  • Does WIC participation improve breast-feeding practices?

    abstract::The effects of the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) on breast-feeding behavior have been sometimes found inadequate. The determinants of breast-feeding initiation and duration among WIC participants and nonparticipants were modeled by using retrospective cross-sectional dat...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Schwartz JB,Popkin BM,Tognetti J,Zohoori N

    更新日期:1995-05-01 00:00:00

  • Utility of drug leaflets for elderly consumers.

    abstract::A mail survey of 1,650 elderly consumers evaluated prescription drug leaflets for antihypertensives, tranquilizers, and arthritis medicines. Of those who said they received the leaflet, 95 per cent read it, 76 per cent kept it, and 56 per cent discussed it with another person. Respondents taking antihypertensive medic...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Morris LA,Olins NJ

    更新日期:1984-02-01 00:00:00

  • The New York rubella incident: a case for changing hospital policy regarding rubella testing and immunization.

    abstract::A case of rubella in a male obstetrics-gynecology house staff member exposed 170 staff members and 11 prenatal patients to the clinical disease. Of 163 staff members tested within one week of exposure, 132 (80 per cent) were not susceptibles. Repeat titres three weeks later on 28 susceptibles remained negative. Of the...

    journal_title:American journal of public health

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: McLaughlin MC,Gold LH

    更新日期:1979-03-01 00:00:00