Iodixanol in intravenous urography: a comparison of iodixanol 270 mgI/ml, iodixanol 320 mgI/ml and iopamidol 300 mgI/ml (NIOPAM).


:The first European trial of iodixanol (Nycomed Imaging AS) in adult intravenous urography is reported. Iodixanol is a new non-ionic, dimeric contrast medium of low osmolality. A double-blind, randomized, three group parallel study comparing iodixanol 270 mgI/ml, iodixanol 320 mgI/ml and iopamidol 300 mgI/ml (Niopam) was undertaken. A total of 173 of 180 patients entered completed the trial. Efficacy was evaluated with regard to overall diagnostic information and pyelographic density 5 min after contrast medium administration. Efficacy was found to increase with increasing iodine concentration, with no significant difference between the three contrast media. The incidence of adverse events was low, with no significant difference between the groups. Discomfort occurred less frequently with iodixanol than with iopamidol. We conclude that iodixanol is a safe and efficacious contrast medium for use in intravenous urography.


Clin Radiol


Clinical radiology


Conroy RM,Bjartveit K,Sheppick A,Long U,Masterson J




Has Abstract


1994-05-01 00:00:00












  • Contrast-to-noise ratios of liver lesions using subtraction imaging on multiphase 64-detector row CT.

    abstract:AIM:To measure contrast-to-noise ratios of liver lesions on conventional enhanced and digitally subtracted multidetector row computed tomography (CT) images. MATERIALS/METHODS:This study was approved by our hospital internal review board (IRB) and all collected data were evaluated in a Health Insurance Portability and...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Grand DJ,Beland M,Dupuy D,Mayo-Smith WW

    更新日期:2009-11-01 00:00:00

  • CT in pseudomyxoma peritonei: a review of 17 cases.

    abstract:AIM:To describe the computed tomography (CT) findings in pseudomyxoma peritonei. MATERIALS AND METHOD:Two observers independently and retrospectively reviewed the CT images of 17 consecutive patients (nine women, eight men, mean age 53 years) with histologically proven pseudomyxoma peritonei. RESULTS:Six patients had...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Sulkin TV,O'Neill H,Amin AI,Moran B

    更新日期:2002-07-01 00:00:00

  • Molecular imaging: current status and emerging strategies.

    abstract::In vivo molecular imaging has a great potential to impact medicine by detecting diseases in early stages (screening), identifying extent of disease, selecting disease- and patient-specific treatment (personalized medicine), applying a directed or targeted therapy, and measuring molecular-specific effects of treatment....

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Pysz MA,Gambhir SS,Willmann JK

    更新日期:2010-07-01 00:00:00

  • Tuberculosis of the ribs.

    abstract::The radiological appearances of seven cases of rib tuberculosis are discussed. The combination of rib destruction and an extrapleural soft tissue opacity in an Asian immigrant makes tuberculosis a highly likely diagnosis. The presence of an associated fluctuant chest wall swelling, enables a diagnosis of tuberculosis ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Brown TS

    更新日期:1980-11-01 00:00:00

  • Mortality patterns over 34 years of breast cancer patients in a clinical trial of post-operative radiotherapy.

    abstract::Between January 1949 and June 1955 a clinical trial was held in which patients with operable breast carcinoma were subjected to a radical mastectomy and then randomised to either have immediate post-operative radiotherapy (radiated group) or delayed radiotherapy on recurrence (watched group). Data relating to the 1461...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Jones JM,Ribeiro GG

    更新日期:1989-03-01 00:00:00

  • CT-guided procedures: evaluation of a phantom system to teach accurate needle placement.

    abstract:AIM:To evaluate the use of a phantom system to help teach the basic techniques of accurate CT-guided needle placement, thereby avoiding the risks associated with teaching on patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Gelatine phantoms with five, 1.9 cm embedded spherical wooden targets were constructed. Four trainee operators pe...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Dimmick S,Jones M,Challen J,Iedema J,Wattuhewa U,Coucher J

    更新日期:2007-02-01 00:00:00

  • Evaluation of the role of computed tomography in radiotherapy treatment planning.

    abstract::The role of computed tomography (CT) in radiotherapy treatment planning was assessed in a series of 231 patients in whom treatment was planned with radical intent. For each patient, a treatment plan was produced by the best conventional techniques in use at the Middlesex Hospital. Each patient then underwent a CT scan...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Adam EJ,Berry RJ,Clitherow S,Bedford A

    更新日期:1984-03-01 00:00:00

  • MRI evaluation and measurement of the normal odontoid peg position.

    abstract:AIM:To measure the normal distances (and range) from the tip of the odontoid peg to the different reference skull baselines (Chamberlain's, McGregor's, and McRae's line) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS:We retrospectively evaluated midline sagittal MRI brain images of 200 adults chosen ran...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Cronin CG,Lohan DG,Mhuircheartigh JN,Meehan CP,Murphy JM,Roche C

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • The effect of angiographic technique and image quality on the reproducibility of measurement of carotid stenosis and assessment of plaque surface morphology.

    abstract::We studied the reproducibility of measurement of carotid stenosis and assessment of plaque surface morphology on 1001 angiograms from a consecutive series of patients entered into the European Carotid Surgery Trial. Inter-observer agreement (Kappa statistic, 95% confidence interval (CI)) for categorization of carotid ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,多中心研究


    authors: Rothwell PM,Gibson RJ,Villagra R,Sellar R,Warlow CP

    更新日期:1998-06-01 00:00:00

  • Value of cardiac MRI for evaluation of chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy.

    abstract:AIM:To determine whether cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) is more sensitive than electrocardiogram (ECG) and echocardiogram (ECHO) for detecting myocardial involvement in a Latin American migrant population with untreated Chagas disease (CD) in the United States. MATERIALS AND METHODS:All untreated CD patient...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lee-Felker SA,Thomas M,Felker ER,Traina M,Salih M,Hernandez S,Bradfield J,Lee M,Meymandi S

    更新日期:2016-06-01 00:00:00

  • The role of imaging in the evaluation of parotid disease.

    abstract::In this review the imaging features of a range of parotid lesions are presented and the roles of ultrasound (US), computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the assessment of parotid disease are discussed. ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Howlett DC,Kesse KW,Hughes DV,Sallomi DF

    更新日期:2002-08-01 00:00:00

  • Frequency and location of pelvic phleboliths.

    abstract::Pelvic phleboliths were demonstrated in 1000 subjects aged 16--79 years (mean 42.1, s.d. 12.7). They occurred in 44.2% of the subjects, in 37.3% of the males and 50.1% of the females. Among subjects between the ages of 35 and 54, phleboliths occurred more frequently in the females than in the males. In addition the ol...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Mattsson T

    更新日期:1980-01-01 00:00:00

  • Correlation of 111indium WBC scintigraphy with ultrasound in the detection and assessment of inflammatory bowel disease.

    abstract::111Indium (111In) WBC scintigraphy is an accurate method of assessing the extent of inflammatory bowel disease. A prospective study was performed to determine the correlation of ultrasound scanning with 111In WBC scintigraphy in the assessment of inflammatory bowel disease. Eighty-three indium and ultrasound scans wer...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章


    authors: Khaw KT,Saverymuttu SH,Joseph AE

    更新日期:1990-12-01 00:00:00

  • Sonography of cutaneous non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.

    abstract::Sonographic examination (10 MHz) of 25 patients with cutaneous non-Hodgkin's lymphomas of B-cell type (10 patients), of T-cell type (nine patients) and non-B non-T-cell type (six patients) demonstrated "diffuse' (11 patients) and "focal' patterns (14 patients): the former, which can be described as an homogeneous, hyp...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Giovagnorio F

    更新日期:1997-04-01 00:00:00

  • MRI at the completion of chemoradiotherapy can accurately evaluate the extent of disease in women with advanced urethral carcinoma undergoing anterior pelvic exenteration.

    abstract:AIM:To demonstrate the value of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in mapping tumour extension after chemoradiotherapy and before anterior pelvic exenteration in patients with primary carcinoma of the urethra. MATERIALS AND METHODS:The Institutional Review Board approved and issued a waiver of informed consent fo...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Gourtsoyianni S,Hudolin T,Sala E,Goldman D,Bochner BH,Hricak H

    更新日期:2011-11-01 00:00:00

  • Determining the minimal interval between cleansing water enema and double-contrast barium enema examination.

    abstract::In a prospective study 59 consecutive outpatients having double-contrast barium enemas (DCBE) were randomised into four groups. Each group had their enema performed at either a 15, 30, 45 or 60 minute interval following the end of a 1.5 litre cleansing water enema. Review of the films by two radiologists demonstrated ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 临床试验,杂志文章,随机对照试验


    authors: Lee SH,Bartram CI

    更新日期:1990-05-01 00:00:00

  • Acute transient radiation hepatitis following whole abdominal irradiation.

    abstract::Sporadic cases or radiation hepatitis have been reported following doses above 3500 rad delivered in 3-4 weeks to the liver. The authors report their experience of radiation hepatitis in two out of 117 consecutive lymphoma cases treated with total abdominal irradiation. These two patients developed clinically overt ma...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Kim TH,Panahon AM,Friedman M,Webster JH

    更新日期:1976-10-01 00:00:00

  • Computed tomography in the assessment of response to limb compression in unilateral lymphoedema.

    abstract::In this prospective study computed tomography (CT) was used to monitor the response of compression therapy in 27 patients with chronic unilateral lymphoedema over a 12 week period. Computed tomography examination of abnormal and normal limbs (proximal and distal portions) was performed in the first, third and 12th wee...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Collins CD,Mortimer PS,D'Ettorre H,A'Hern RP,Moskovic EC

    更新日期:1995-08-01 00:00:00

  • Embolization of renal angiomyolipoma: immediate complications and long-term outcomes.

    abstract:AIMS:To report the outcomes of elective and emergency embolization of renal angiomyolipoma and describe an angiographic sign that will help localize the symptomatic aneurysm in emergency cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS:A retrospective review of all patients undergoing embolization of renal angiomyolipoma at a two centres...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lenton J,Kessel D,Watkinson AF

    更新日期:2008-08-01 00:00:00

  • Case report: in utero diagnosis of a vein of Galen aneurysm using colour flow Doppler.

    abstract::We report the ante-natal diagnosis of a vein of Galen aneurysm using colour flow Doppler at 33 weeks gestation. Ultrasound demonstrated a midline, tubular, echo-free structure superior to the thalamus extending posteriorly. Venous flow was demonstrated within the structure using colour flow Doppler. The diagnosis was ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Evans AJ,Twining P

    更新日期:1991-10-01 00:00:00

  • Multislice computed tomography cardiac imaging: current status.

    abstract::Non-invasive CT coronary artery imaging has previously had little relevance to most UK radiologists due to the limited availability of electron beam CT scanners. Major advances in CT technology have promoted new applications for helical CT, which include cardiac imaging. Widespread installation of 'multislice' helical...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Morgan-Hughes GJ,Marshall AJ,Roobottom CA

    更新日期:2002-10-01 00:00:00

  • An exploratory study into the role of dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI metrics as predictors of response in head and neck cancers.

    abstract:AIM:To assess the efficacy of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE MRI) in prediction of the response to treatment in patients with head and neck cancers (HNCs). METHODS AND MATERIALS:Twenty-one patients with advanced HNC, suitable for concurrent chemoradiotherapy underwent DCE MRI, for the quanti...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Agrawal S,Awasthi R,Singh A,Haris M,Gupta RK,Rathore RK

    更新日期:2012-09-01 00:00:00

  • Traumatic renal artery dissection: from imaging to management.

    abstract::Injury to the renal artery following blunt trauma is detected increasingly due to widespread and early use of multidetector computed tomography (CT), but optimal treatment remains controversial as no guidelines are available. This review illustrates the spectrum of imaging findings of traumatic renal artery dissection...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Rozzanigo U,Luppi G,Gatti F,Donner D,Centonze M,Luciani L

    更新日期:2021-02-01 00:00:00

  • The application of clinical guidelines for skull radiography in the Accident and Emergency department: theory and practice.

    abstract::Clinical guidelines for the selection of patients with head injuries for skull radiography, based on those formulated by the Royal College of Radiologists, were introduced into the Accident and Emergency department at the Manchester Royal Infirmary. Before the guidelines were implemented 94 skull X-rays were obtained ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Clarke JA,Adams JE

    更新日期:1990-03-01 00:00:00

  • Polymyositis: MRI-appearance at 1.5 T and correlation to clinical findings.

    abstract::The thigh regions of 10 patients suffering from polymyositis were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 1.5 T; follow-up examinations were performed in all patients. MRI findings were correlated with findings at physical examination and serological parameters. In four patients focal areas of hyperintensity o...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Stiglbauer R,Graninger W,Prayer L,Kramer J,Schurawitzki H,Machold K,Imhof H

    更新日期:1993-10-01 00:00:00

  • CT appearances of congential and acquired abnormalities of the superior vena cava.

    abstract::A wide spectrum of congenital and acquired abnormalities can affect the superior vena cava (SVC). Congenital anomalies can present either as incidental findings or be associated with underlying cardiac abnormalities; these include left-sided or double SVCs and anomalous venous drainages. Acquired conditions involving ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章,评审


    authors: Burney K,Young H,Barnard SA,McCoubrie P,Darby M

    更新日期:2007-09-01 00:00:00

  • Comparison of image quality between conventional VIBE and radial VIBE in free-breathing paediatric abdominal MRI.

    abstract:AIM:To compare the image quality between conventional volume interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) and radial VIBE in contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed T1-weighted images of paediatric abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) during free-breathing. MATERIALS AND METHODS:Images from paediatric patients who under...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Shin HJ,Kim MJ,Lee MJ,Kim HG

    更新日期:2016-10-01 00:00:00

  • Pathological axillary lymph nodes detected at mammographic screening.

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    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Lim ET,O'Doherty A,Hill AD,Quinn CM

    更新日期:2004-01-01 00:00:00

  • Biliary drainage by ultrasound-guided puncture of the left hepatic duct.

    abstract::Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage under ultrasonic guidance was performed in 38 patients with obstructive jaundice due to malignancy (49 intubations). The method was used for palliation in 33 patients and for pre-operative drainage because of cholangitis in five patients. Puncture of the left lobar ducts was ...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Laméris JS,Obertop H,Jeekel J

    更新日期:1985-05-01 00:00:00

  • The role of magnetic resonance imaging techniques in the evaluation of orbital and ocular disease.

    abstract::Technical developments have resulted in a great improvement in the quality of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the orbit. With surface coil data acquisition spatial resolution of less than a millimetre can now be achieved, and contrast discrimination is such that the cortex and nucleus of the lens can be distinguis...

    journal_title:Clinical radiology

    pub_type: 杂志文章


    authors: Worthington BS,Wright JE,Curati WL,Steiner RE,Rizk S

    更新日期:1986-05-01 00:00:00