Computing the meanings of words in reading: cooperative division of labor between visual and phonological processes.

Abstract:

:Are words read visually (by means of a direct mapping from orthography to semantics) or phonologically (by mapping from orthography to phonology to semantics)? The authors addressed this long-standing debate by examining how a large-scale computational model based on connectionist principles would solve the problem and comparing the model's performance to people's. In contrast to previous models, the present model uses an architecture in which meanings are jointly determined by the 2 components, with the division of labor between them affected by the nature of the mappings between codes. The model is consistent with a variety of behavioral phenomena, including the results of studies of homophones and pseudohomophones thought to support other theories, and illustrates how efficient processing can be achieved using multiple simultaneous constraints.

journal_name

Psychol Rev

journal_title

Psychological review

authors

Harm MW,Seidenberg MS

doi

10.1037/0033-295X.111.3.662

subject

Has Abstract

pub_date

2004-07-01 00:00:00

pages

662-720

issue

3

eissn

0033-295X

issn

1939-1471

pii

2004-15929-005

journal_volume

111

pub_type

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